Exercise 10. Open the brackets. Translate


Exercise 10. Open the brackets. Translate

1) One day before admission to the hospital, the patient (to discontinue) his daily consumption of alcohol.

2) Two days ago his temperature (to be) 37.4°C.

3) The treatment for alcoholism (to include) both medication and psychotherapy.

4) Recent research (to show) a high risk of alcohol problems among medical students.

5) The organization Alcoholics Anonymous (to found) in 1935.

6) Alcoholism (to characterize) by an increased tolerance to and physical dependence on alcohol.

7) A complex mixture of genetic and environmental factors (to influence) the risk of the development of alcoholism.

8) Tomorrow students (to visit) the toxicology department in the hospital.

Exercise 11. Choose the correct words to describe the term “alcohol dependence”. Complete the definition on your own

1) Alcohol dependence is an acute/a chronic disease, caused by heavy alcohol drinking.

2) It is characterized by a craving to drink/ problems at home, environmental factors/withdrawal symptoms, tolerance to alcohol/ alcohol detoxification.

3) Alcohol dependence is treated by medication and psychotherapy/in a mental hospital only.

4) …

*Exercise 12. Read the article to get the general idea. Answer the questions after it. What do you think about the problem of drinking among students?

Alcohol Abuse Common Among Med Students, Study Finds Research shows their rate of drinking problems is double that of the general population By Robert Preidt Wednesday, March 16, 2016 WEDNESDAY, March 16, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Medical students may be more at risk for problem drinking, a new study says, citing burnout and school debt as two possible reasons why.   "Our findings clearly show there is reason for concern," said study senior author Dr. Liselotte Dyrbye. The study found an association between being a medical student and a higher risk of alcohol problems. For the study, the researchers sent surveys to 12,500 medical students in the United States. About one-third responded. The researchers found that about 1,400 medical students reported alcohol abuse or dependence. That's about a third of medical students who responded. By comparison, about 16 percent of people who aren't in medical school have an alcohol abuse or dependence problem, the study said. Medical students had twice the rate of alcohol problems as surgeons, physicians and the general public, the study noted. The researchers found a strong link between burnout factors such as emotional exhaustion and problem drinking among medical students. Other significant factors included: younger age, not being married and large educational debt, the researchers found. The average cost of medical school rose more than 200 percent from 1995 to 2014, the researchers pointed out. People graduating with a medical degree in 2014 had an average of $180,000 in educational debt, the researchers said. Study first author Eric Jackson, a medical student at Mayo Medical School, said he recommends wellness programs in medical schools. These programs could help identify what's adding to the stress, as well as help to remove barriers to mental health services, he said.   The findings were published online recently in the journal Academic Medicine. SOURCE: Mayo Clinic, news release, March 14, 2016


1) What problem was research devoted to?

2) How many medical students were surveyed?

3) How many students responded?

4) What factors contribute to alcohol abuse among medical students?



Завдання для самостійної роботи студентів

1) Перекладіть словосполучення на англійську мову і складіть з ними речення Зловживання алкоголем Алкогольна залежність Синдром відміни Довготривала хронічна хвороба Алкогольна детоксикація Група анонімних алкоголіків
2) Дайте відповідь на питання 1) How does alcohol affect the human body? 2) What factors contribute to alcoholism development? 3) What does the treatment for alcoholism include?  
3) Поясніть поняття Алкогольна залежність




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