Exercise 1. Topic Vocabulary. Eating disorders - розлади харчової поведінки
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Exercise 1. Topic Vocabulary. Eating disorders - розлади харчової поведінки




Eating disorders - розлади харчової поведінки

Restrictive - обмежений

Distort [dɪˈstɔːt] - спотворювати, деформувати

Teen - підліток

Fasting - голодування

Obsession [əbˈseʃn] - нав’язлива ідея

Binge eating [bɪndʒ …] - переїдання

To get rid of - позбавитись

Junk food - шкідлива їжа

Inedible [ɪnˈɛdɪb(ə)l] - неїстівний

To purge [pəːdʒ] - прочищати(ся)

Vomiting - блювання

Laxative - проносне

Complication - ускладнення

Exercise 2. Pronounce correctly

Anorexia [ˌanəˈrɛksɪə], bulimia [buˈlɪmiə], calorie [ˈkaləri], psychotherapy [sʌɪkəʊˈθɛrəpi], compensate [ˈkɒmpɛnseɪt], measure [ˈmeʒə], dessert [dɪˈzɜːt]

Exercise 3. Translate into Ukrainian

eating disorders, to lose weight, more restrictive diet, a real fear of weight gain, a distorted view of their body size and shape, to become dangerously underweight, the small amount of food, an obsession of calorie counting, to eat as little as possible, to eat a large amount of food, to feel powerless to stop the eating, to purge by vomiting, to prevent weight gain, to be very thin and underweight, to be an average weight or overweight, to start treatment as early as possible, to reduce the risk of serious complications

Exercise 4. Translate. Pay attention to the meaning and use of modal verbs

1) Anorexic people can become dangerously underweight.

2) People with bulimia may get rid of the food they’ve eaten by vomiting or taking laxatives.

3) Hospitalization may be necessary if anorexic people are dangerously malnourished and no longer want to live due to distress.

4) The parents of teens should be concerned about the significant loss of weight in their children.

5) Comments about their weight can be damaging to a teenager’s self-esteem, hurting their perception of their body and weight image and can lead to more eating problems.

6) Parents often feel they must take on responsibility for the eating disorder of their children.

7) You shouldn’t force a person with an eating disorder to change, but you can offer your support and encourage treatment.

Exercise 5. Read the text. Discuss the problem of eating disorders

ANOREXIA AND BULIMIA

Eating disorders are more than just going on a diet to lose weight or trying to exercise every day. They represent extremes in eating behavior and ways of thinking about eating — the diet that never ends and gradually gets more restrictive.

The most common eating disorders are anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa (usually called simply "anorexia" and "bulimia").

Anorexia

Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by an irrational fear of food as well as extreme, life-threatening weight loss.People with anorexia have a real fear of weight gain and a distorted view of their body size and shape. As a result, they eat very little and can become dangerously underweight. Many teens with anorexia restrict their food intake by dieting, fasting, or excessive exercise. They hardly eat at all — and the small amount of food they do eat becomes an obsession in terms of calorie counting or trying to eat as little as possible.

Bulimia

Bulimia is an eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by purging. Binge eating refers to eating a large amount of food in a short amount of time. Purging refers to the attempts to get rid of the food consumed to prevent weight gain. This may be done by vomiting, taking laxatives or excessive exercise. Over time, these steps can be dangerous — both physically and emotionally. People with bulimia eat a large amount of food (often junk food) at once, usually in secret. They typically feel powerless to stop the eating and can only stop once they're too full to eat anymore, or they may have to go to extreme measures (like pouring salt all over a dessert to make it inedible) in order to get themselves to stop eating.

Although anorexia and bulimia are very similar, people with anorexia are usually very thin and underweight, but those with bulimia may be an average weight or can be overweight.

Psychotherapy is the most common treatment for anorexia and bulimia. Hospitalization may be necessary if you are dangerously malnourished or so distressed that you no longer want to live. It's important for a person with eating disorders to start treatment as early as possible to reduce the risk of serious complications.

 





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