Exercise 6. Answer the questions. 1) What stages of processing of the senses do you know?
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Exercise 6. Answer the questions. 1) What stages of processing of the senses do you know?




1) What stages of processing of the senses do you know?

2) What kind of process is sensation?

3) What is perception?

4) What are the goals of sensation and perception?

5) What two kinds of perception errors are there?

6) What is hallucination?

 

Exercise 7. Choose the pairs of words with the opposite meaning from those given below

False, passive, first, internal, active, absent, higher, wrong, true, low, (the) same, last, external, different, right, present

Exercise 8. Tell for which of the two processes – sensation or perception - the following

Statements are true

Model: the passive process – sensation

1) the low-level biochemical and neurological function;

2) creating useful information of the surroundings;

3) a higher brain function;

4) bringing information from the outside world;

5) first stages in the functioning of senses;

6) interpretation of sensory information;

7) detecting information of the surroundings

 

Exercise 9. Translate into English

Відчуття і сприйняття, пасивний процес доставки інформації, функція нижнього біохімічного рівня, клітини-рецептори органів чуття, інтерпретація чуттєвої інформації, формуватися навчанням і пам’яттю, створювати корисну інформацію про оточення, вища функція мозку, трансформуватися в нервові сигнали, помилки сприйняття, хибне сприйняття

Exercise 10. Write the following sentences in the Past replacing the modal verbs by their

Substitutes

1) I may go out.

2) Students in class must focus on what the teachers are saying.

3) The patient may walk after procedures.

4) Dogs can understand human emotions.

5) He must get up early to make an appointment with his psychologist.

6) People actually can see color and dogs can’t.

 

Exercise 11. Put up questions to the underlined words

1) Perception is shaped by learning, memory, expectation, and attention.

2) Perception depends on complex functions of the nervous system.

3) Since 19th century psychology’s understanding of perception has progressed.

4) There are two errors of perception.

5) Many types of sense loss occur due to a dysfunctional sensation process.

6) Psychologist Jerome Bruner has developed a model of perception.

7) We sense a lotof information.

8) Experimental psychology began with the study of sensation and perception.

 

Exercise 12. Open the brackets. Translate

1) Perception (to be) the process of recognizing and interpreting sensory stimuli.

2) In the mid-nineteenth century a number of German scientists (to perform) the first systemic studies of sensation and perception.

3) The process of perception (to begin) with an object in the real world.

4) In 1879, the first laboratory of psychology (to establish) by Wilhelm Wundt in Leipzig, Germany.

5) We already (to finish) listening to the lecture on sensory perception.

6) Gestalt psychology (to try) to understand the laws of our ability to acquire and maintain meaningful perceptions in an apparently chaotic world.

7) The concept of gestalt first (to introduce) in philosophy and psychology in 1890.

 

Exercise 13. Fill in the table. Tell about sensation and perception by the table

  active or passive brain function (low-level or higher ) How it is performed (unconsciously or by learning, memory, expectation, and attention goal
sensation        
perception        

 

Завдання для самостійної роботи студента

1) Перекладіть словосполучення на англійську мову і складіть з ними речення

Відчуття і сприйняття

пасивний процес доставки інформації

інтерпретація чуттєвої інформації

помилки сприйняття

хибне сприйняття

 

2) Дайте розгорнуту відповідь на питання

1) What kind of process is sensation?

2) What is perception?

3) What are the goals of sensation and perception?

4) What two kinds of perception errors are there?

 

3) Поясніть термін

Відчуття

Сприйняття

 

 

SENSORY SYSTEM AND FORMS OF SENSORY PERCEPTION





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