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Learn the following words





trunk ;

extremity also limb ;

forehead ;

temples ;

lashes ⳿;

oral ;

cavity ;

gums ;

abdomen ;

lung ;

breathe ;

excrete ;

kidney ;

bladder - () ;

waste ;

skin ;

brain - ;

gland ;

arm - (upper - );

forearm ;

hip - , ;

thigh - ;

knee ;

calf ;

ankle - , ;

heel - ';

sole ;

toe - ;

jaw ;

heart ;

stomach ;

oesophagus also gullet ;

intestines also bowels ;

liver ;

gall bladder - ;

spleen .


2. Find English equivalents of the Ukrainian words.

a) thyroid b) thumb c) trunk d) tissue
a) nasal b) nail c) nerve d) neck
a) finger b) forehead c) forearm d) foot
a) stomach b) skin c) sweat d) shoulder
a) heart b) hip c) hair d) hand

3. Match the following names of body parts with the definitions.

1. kidney a. organ in the head which controls thought and feeling
2. lung b. baglike organ in which food is broken down for use by the body
3. liver . one of twenty-four bones protecting the chest
4. heart d. one of a pair of organs which separate waste liquid from the blood
5. brain e. one of two bony parts of the face in which teeth are set
6. throat f. large organ which cleans the blood
7. rib g. one of a pair organs of breathing in the chest
8. stomach h. passage from the back of the mouth down inside the neck
9. jaw . organ in the chest which controls the flow of blood by pushing it round the body

 

 

HUMAN BODY

The head is connected with the trunk by the neck. The windpipe (trachea) and gullet (esophagus) pass through the neck. The bony framework of the head, enclosing the brain, is the skull. The front part of the head is the face. Its upper part is composed of the forehead and the temples. The two sides of the lower face are called the cheeks. The two jaws (upper and lower) form the framework of the mouth. The lower jaw also gives shape to the chin. The oral cavity contains the tongue and the teeth, the necks of which are enveloped into the gums. The two margins of the mouth are the lips. The organs of the special senses in the face are the eyes and the nose. The eye is set in a bony socket called the orbit. The eyes are protected by the eyelashes and the eyebrows. The ear includes three principal parts: the external ear, the middle ear and the internal ear. The nose which we use for smelling, breathing and sneezing has two openings called nostrils. The top and the back part of the head are covered with hair.

The trunk consists of the chest, the abdomen and the back. The upper cavity, the chest (thorax), contains the heart and lungs. In the lower cavity, the abdomen, there are the kidneys, the stomach, the liver, the gall bladder, the spleen, the urinary bladder and the intestines or bowels.

The lungs belong to the respiratory system. The lungs are the essential organs of breathing. They are two spongy organs, situated one on either side of the thoracic cavity. In adults they are usually blue in color, but in infants they are quite pink. The kidneys and the bladder are parts of the urinary system. They excrete waste products. The heart, the arteries, the capillaries and the veins constitute the cardiovascular system. The mouth, the gullet, the stomach and the intestines form the alimentary canal. The juices of many glands further the process of the digestion of our food.

We have four limbs: two arms and two legs. The arms are the upper extremities and the legs form the lower extremities. The upper extremity is divided into the shoulder, the upper arm, the forearm and the hand. Between the upper arm and the forearm there is the elbow. The joint between the forearm and the hand is called the wrist. Each hand has four fingers and one thumb. At the tips of the fingers there are the fingernails. The parts of the lower extremity are the thigh, the lower leg and the foot. The back of the lower leg is called the calf. Between the thigh and the lower leg there is the knee joint. The joints between the lower legs and the feet are the ankles. The foot consists of the heel, the sole and the toes. The body is covered with the skin.

II. Language Development

1. Match the following English words with the Ukrainian ones.

1. gall bladder .  
2. abdomen b.  
3. gums .  
4. cavity d.  
5. pupil e.  
6. extremity f.  
7. throat g.  
8. blood h.  
9. tongue .  
2. Choose the appropriate sentence endings. 1. The PUPIL is part of the....
a. ear b. stomach . eye d. hand
2. The STOMACH is part of the....
a. hand b. foot . eye d. alimentary tract
3. The CALF is part of the....
a. leg b. arm . chest d. head
4. The WRIST is part of the....
a. foot b. arm . eye d. ear
5. The HEART is part of the....
a. hand b. foot . ear d. chest
6. The THUMB is part of the....
a. head b. foot . hand d. breast
           

3. Complete the following sentences choosing suitable words from the box.

internal face mouth lower trunk abdominal cavity trunk upper extremity external middle brain principal lungs body neck upper skeleton

1.We breathe with the....

2.The ear has three... parts: the

3.The tongue is in the....

4.The legs are... extremities, and the arrns are... extremities.

5.The skull contains the....

6.The forehead is a part of the....

7.The... connects the head with the....

8.The spleen is in the....

9.The shoulder connects the... with the....

10.The framework of bones is called the....

11. The skin covers the....

4. Match the conditions with the organs affected using your medical knowledge.

1. hepatitis a. bladder
2. pneumonia b. gall bladder
3. nephritis . heart
4. gastric ulcer d. kidney
5. cystitis e. liver
6. angina pectoris f. lung
7. cholecystitis g. stomach
8. ulcerative colitis h. large bowel

5. Find the correct answers.

1. What are the excretory organs?

a. The excretory organs consist of the brain and medulla.
b. The main excretory organs are the kidneys, urethra and bladder.
. The organs of the excretory system are the stomach, intestines and spleen.
d. The excretory system comprises the heart, blood, and arteries.

2. What does the substance which forms the human body consist of?

a. The substance which forms the human body consists of the heel, the sole and toes.
b. The larynx and the trachea are parts of the substance which forms the human body.
. The substance which forms the human body consists of cells, fibers and tissues.
d. The substance which forms the human body consists of eyeballs, lashes, and eyelids.

3. What organs does the thoracic cavity include?

a. The thoracic cavity includes the back and crown.
b. The thoracic cavity contains the respiratory, circulatory and digestive organs.
c. The thoracic cavity includes the ribs, femur, gland.
d. The thoracic cavity contains the teeth and the palate.

4. What does the skull contain?

a. The skull contains the brain.
b. The skull contains the face.
c. The skull contains the forehead.
d. The skull contains the hair.

5. Where are the gums?

a. The gums are in the abdominal cavity.
b. The gums are in the thoracic cavity.
c. The gums are in the oral cavity.
d. The gums are in the cranial cavity.




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