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Some interesting facts about Albert Einstein




Albert Einstein was a genius theoretical physicist. He is best known for his mass-energy equivalence, theory of relativity, Brownian motion and photoelectric effect. He was honored with the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921. Here are some interesting facts about Albert Einstein.

Albert Einstein’s popular phrase “The important thing is to not stop questioning” reflected his never-ending questioning attitude and curiosity. This attitude earned him a Nobel Prize

Albert Einstein was a genius in physics and mathematics. He published his first scientific work “The Investigation of the State of Еther in Magnetic Fields" in 1894, when he was just 15 years old. Albert Einstein showed speech impairments till the age of nine. Young Einstein seldom spoke and always muttered silently, framing sentences in his mind until he finally spoke them loud after getting them right. He always had problems with spelling. The headmaster of the school suggested that Einstein should attend a trade school. His teachers also declared him as borderline retarded! After graduating from college, Einstein failed to find a job related to his field, physics. He became a technical assistant in a Swiss patent office. However, he never stopped his research on theoretical physics and continued to work on it in his spare time.

He was visiting the United States when Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933, and did not go back to Germany, where he had been a professor at the Berlin Academy of Sciences. He settled in the U.S., becoming a citizen in 1940. On the eve of World War II, he helped President Franklin D. Roosevelt that Germany might be developing an atomic weapon, and recommended that the U.S. begin similar research; this eventually led to what would become the Manhattan Project. Einstein was in support of defending the Allied forces, but largely denounced using the new discovery of nuclear fission as a weapon. Later, together with Bertrand Russell, Einstein signed the Russell–Einstein Manifesto, which highlighted the danger of nuclear weapons. Einstein was affiliated with the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey, until his death in 1955.

Einstein published more than 300 scientific papers along with over 150 non-scientific works. His great intelligence and originality have made the word "Einstein" synonymous with genius.

· Make 10 True/False sentences on the text

· Make up 10 questions on the text and answer your partner’s questions.

· Find some interesting information about other physicists

TEST YOURSELF

Test 1

Which sentence in every pair makes more sense?

1. While I was watching TV, someone knocked on the window

While I was watching TV, someone was knocking on the window.

2. Did you listen to me? - Yes. You asked me if I had done my homework.

Were you listening to me? - Yes. You asked me if I had done my homework

3. We ran to the car to keep dry when it started to rain.

We were running to the car to keep dry when it began to rain.

4. Did you eat lunch when the fire alarm rang?

Were you eating lunch when the fire alarm rang?

5. What did you do when the dog ran into the room? - I looked up a word in my dictionary.

What were you doing when the dog ran into the room? - I was looking up a word in my dictionary.

6. It was a beautiful day. The sun shone and there wasn`t a cloud in the sky.

It was a beautiful day. The sun was shining and there wasn`t a cloud in the sky.

7. What did you do when the dog ran into the room? - I jumped out of the window

What were you doing when the dog ran into the room? - I was jumping out of the window

8. While he held the old vase, he dropped it.

While he was holding the old vase, he dropped it.

9. My friend didn`t wait for me for a long time.

My friend wasn`t waiting for me for a long time.

10. No wonder she fell off her bike. She didn`t look where she was going.

No wonder she fell off her bike. She wasn`t looking where she was going.

11. We had a picnic when it began to rain.

We were having a picnic when it began to rain.

12. He broke his leg while riding his bike at the weekend.

He was breaking his leg while riding his bike at the weekend.

13. When did he have the accident? - As he was climbing up the ladder.

When was he having the accident? - As he was climbing up the ladder.

14. How fast did he drive when the accident happened?

How fast was he driving when the accident happened?

 

 

Test 2

Choose the correct form.

The party ___ awful. Nobody ______ it.

A. is, enjoyed C. are, enjoys

B. was, enjoyed D. was, enjoys

We ______ some flowers yesterday.

A. is buying C. bought

B. buy D. buys

3. What time ___ Ann tomorrow?

A. you are meeting C. you meet

B. are you meeting D. you will meet

4. I ___ to bed now. Good night!

A. will be going C. go

B. went D. am going

We often ______ business with your company.

A. do C. make

B. prepare D. take

The car was empty but the engine _____.want

A. run C. has run

B. runs D. was running

I ______ near the house when a tile _____ off the roof. It nearly hit me.

A. was walking, fell C. walked, fall

B. walked, fell D. was walking, was falling

This house is often empty because the owners _____ abroad 5 times a year.

A. go C. were going

B. are going D. is going live

While I _____ to the assistant, the manager _______ my receipt.

A. complained, finds C. complain, found

B. complained, found D. was complaining, found

Robert _____ in Kenya a few weeks ago.

A. arrives C. is arriving

B. arrived D. were arriving

My mum _____ in the park when I _______her.

A. walked, meets C. walks, was meeting

B. was walking, met D. is walking, met

The carnival _______ on Tuesday and _____ till Saturday.

A. begins, continued C. was continuing

B. begin, continued D. begins, continues

Mozart ___ more than 600 pieces of music.

A. wrote C. was writting

B. write D. writes

She ___ into the car and ______ away.

A. got, drove C. got, is driving

B. gets, drove D. get, drivе

15.. When I _______ home yesterday, I _______ my classmate.

A. go, met C. was going, met

B. went, was meeting D. went, met

Mike _______ his friend because he _______ the other way.

A. doesn’t see, face C. didn’t see, faced

B. saw,is facing D. didn’t see, was facing

The adults _______ about their project from five till eight pm.

A. were talking C. is talking

B. talked D. talks

18.I ______ my purse. I can't find it anywhere.

A. was looking C. is looking

B. am looking D. looked

The fest ______on Friday and _____ till Saturday.

A. begins, continues C. is beginning, is continuing

B. begin, continue D. begins, continued

I know all about her new job because I _____ her for a few minutes yesterday.

A. didn’t see C. saw

B. don’t see D. see

When the phone ________, she _____ a letter.

A. rings, was writing C. was ringing, was writing

B. rang, was writing D. was writing, wrote

The train usually _______ at 11.00 but sometimes there _______ delays.

A. is leaving, was C. leaves, are

B. leaves, is D. left, is

23. I ________ her because I'm shy.

A. calls C. call

B. are calling D. didn't call

We ___ when they ___ home.

A. knew, leave C. know,was leaving

B. knew, will leave D. didn’t know, left

25. A key invention _____ the steam engine. It _____ in the 18th century.

A was, was developed C has been, has developed
B is, is developed Dwas, developed

 

UNIT 3

GRAMMAR: FUTURE INDEFINITE; FUTURE CONTINUOUS

TEXTS: IS THE EARTH GETTING HOTTER?; SOME INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT PHISICS

FUTURE INDEFINITE

Affirmative form Interrogative form Negative form
I, we he, she, it You, they will play Will I, we He, she, it You, they     play I, we He, she, it You, they     won’tplay
SHORT ANSWER
Yes, I, we he, she it, you will they   No, I, we he, she won’t. it, you they
             

The Future Indefinite Tense вживається для позначення:

1. Дії у майбутньому:

The Mayor will open a new stadium tomorrow. Завтра голова відкриє новий стадіон.

2. Наміру у майбутньому, що було прийнято спонтанно у момент говоріння

Are you going shopping? I’ll go with you! Ти йдеш за покупками? Я піду з тобою!

 

ЗАПАМ’ЯТАЙТЕ! У реченнях з реальною умовою (в складнопідрядних реченнях) після сполучників if, when, until, before, as soon as, etc. вживається замість Future Indefinite, Present Indefinite, в головному реченні зберігається Future Indefinite.

We will telephone you as soon as we come home.





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