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—традательный залог (the Passive Voice). ”пражнение 1. ѕереведите предложени€, определите форму сказуемого.




”пражнение 1. ѕереведите предложени€, определите форму сказуемого.

a) 1. He told them an interesting story.

2. Will they show us a new film?

3. People donТt read much at present.

b) 1. The students are asked a lot of questions.

2. Was she visited by her friends last week?

3. You will not be received by the rector.

”пражнение 2. ѕоставьте глагол в скобках Present Simple Active или Present Simple Passive.

Example

Every hour the planet Earth travels (travel) 66,620 miles around the sun.

Eleven earthquakes are felt (feel) somewhere in the world.

Look at what happens

in just 60 minutes!

1 The worldТs population ______ (grow) by 9,300.

2 £75 million ______ (spend) on all kinds of weapons.

3 Your heart ______ (beat) 4,800 times.

4 Your hair ______ (grow) 0.18796mm.

5 12,540,000 cans of Coca-Cola _______ (drink).

6 916,500 McDonaldТs hamburgers _______ (eat).

7 17,465 bottles of whisky ______ (produce) in Scotland.

8 1,426,940 letters _______ (send).

9 The Pentagon in Washington ______ (receive) 8,300 telephone calls.

10 £558,000 worth of goods _______ (sell) in Harrods department store.

11 12,000 passengers ______ (pass) through Heathrow airport.

12 166 Volkswagen cars ______ (make) in Germany.

 

”пражнение 3. ”потребите предлог by или with.

The lock was broken a hammer.

This book was written ____ my favourite author.

The cake was decorated ____ icing (сахарна€ глазурь).

The tiger was shot ____ a gun.

Claire was shouted at _____ her teacher.

He was hit on the head ____ an umbrella.

The letter was written _____ a pencil.

He was waited for _____ his girl.

 

”пражнение 4. ѕоставьте глагол в скобках Past Simple Active или Past Simple Passive.

A: Did you visit many places when you were on holiday?

B: Well, on the first day we were taken (take) on a tour of the historic monuments by our guide.

A: Oh. Did you go everywhere with him?

B: No, we also 1) ____ (go) to some places by ourselves.

A: How 2) _____ you _____ (manage Ц удаватьс€) to travel to the

other places?

B: We 3) ____ (advise) to hire a car, but we 4) ____ (choose) to travel on public transport because it is much cheaper.

A: How 5) _____ you _____ (know) which buses and trains to catch, though?

B: We 6) ____ (ask) at the tourist information centre and we 7) _____ (give) an excellent book which 8) _____ (tell) us everything we needed to know.

A: So, you enjoyed it then?

B: Oh, yes! We 9) _____ (have) a really great time!

 

 

”пражнение 5. ѕоставьте глагол в скобках Past Simple Active или Past Simple Passive.

A burglary 1) _____ (carry out) in the high street yesterday morning. Two men 2) _____ (enter) a jewellerТs shop and 3) _____ (order) the assistant to hand over (передавать) jewellery (ювелирные издели€) and money. The thieves 4) _____ (escape Ц ускользать) with jewellery worth £2,000, but 5) _____ (arrest) later, as they 6) _____ (try) to leave the country.

 

”пражнение 6. ѕоставьте глагол в скобках в соответствующем залоге и времени. ќбращайте внимание на пор€док слов в вопросе и отрицании!

1. An interesting problem (to discuss) at the last lecture.

2. We (to discuss) it next week.

3. The newspapers (to bring) usually in the morning.

4. The postman (to bring) newspapers four times a week.

5. When Perm State Technical University (to found)?

6. Who (to found) the Moscow University?

7. A new laboratory (to open) next week.

8. What subject they (to study) last year?

9. This experiment (not/ to complete) soon.

10. I (not/ to send) for the doctor.

”пражнение 7. ѕерефразируйте предложени€, измен€€ залог подчеркнутого глагола, но не мен€€ смысл высказывани€.

1. The day before yesterday Tom Jenkins invited us to the restaurant.

2. The problem was discussed at the last conference, but they didnТt take any decision.

3. What theme will you discuss at the next lesson?

4. When was the letter of recommendation sent by him?

5. Be careful! Special attention must be paid to the work with documents.

6. Peter is not allowed to go to parties because his mother thinks that he is too young for it.

7. Tomorrow we shall finish the work.

8. When does the nanny take the children to the park?

9. She looked after her little sister when her mother was at work.

10. This book is often referred to by our teacher.

”пражнение 8. ѕоставьте глагол в скобках в соответствующем залоге и времени. ќбращайте внимание на пор€док слов!

1. Why donТt you answer when you (ask). 2. We (to ask)again but nobody could answer us. 3. Why you (not / send) the letter yesterday? 4. When you (come) to see us again? 5. We (not / have) classes at the weekend. 6. Special subjects (not/ study)in the first year. 7. Yesterday three trains (cancel Ц отмен€ть) at this station. 8. Where the next Winter Olympic Games (hold)?

”пражнение 9. ѕереведите предложени€ и задайте вопрос к подчеркнутому слову.

1. He was listened to with great attention.

2. The documents were sent for a week ago.

3. This article is much spoken about.

4. This book is often referred to.

5. He worked hard on his new novel.

6. The work of this student was paid attention to.

7. The child was looked for everywhere.

8. She looked through the morning newspapers at breakfast.

9. The children will be taken care of by their aunt.

10. I can always rely on my friends.

”пражнение 10. ѕереведите предложени€ и задайте вопрос так, чтобы подчеркнутые слова были ответом на вопрос.

1. In the USA, elections for President are held every four years. 2. They attentively looked at the picture of this painter. 3. The doctor was sent for five minutes ago. 4. The teacher often speaks to the parents of this boy about his behaviour. 5. This material will be worked on at the next lesson.

”пражнение 11. ѕереведите на русский €зык.

1. —коро он будет работать над новой темой. 2. ќтвет этого студента был внимательно выслушан. 3. я поговорю с ним об этом завтра. 4.  ого они ждали? 5. Ќад чем ты смеешьс€? 6. ќ чем говоритс€ в этой статье? 7. —колько вопросов тебе задали на экзамене? 8.  огда будет открыт новый музей? 9.  то будет присутствовать на открытии? 10. Ќа что ты обращаешь внимание в первую очередь?

 





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