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¬ремена группы Indefinite Active




PRESENT SIMPLE

”пражнение 1. ѕоставьте глагол, данный в скобках, в правильной форме.

1 My sister _____ in a restaurant (work).

2 David ______ the bus to work (not/take)

3 We ______ at half past seven. (get up)

4 I _____ dinner at eight oТclock. (have)

5 John _____ lunch in his office. (have)

6 Mrs Dawson _____ to work by car. (go)

7 Susan _____ her car on Saturday morning. (wash)

8 The children _____ to school at the weekend. (not/go)

9 My mother _____ in the city (not/ live)

10 I _____ traffic jams ("пробки") (not/like)

 

”пражнение 2. ƒополните вопросы, использу€ глагол в скобках. ќбратите внимание на пор€док слов в общем вопросе.

Do you work every day? (work)

1 ______ Maria _______ her work? (like)

2 ______ your parents _______ DVDs? (watch)

3 ______ John _______ computer games? (invent)

4 ______ I ______ in my sleep? (talk)

5 ______ Anna _______ children? (have)

”пражнение 3. —оставьте вопросы, использу€ данные ниже подсказки.

1 William/ leave home/ at eight oТclock?

2 When/ you/ start work?

3 Where/ your parents/ go on holiday?

4 you/ work/ in an office?

5 she/ have/ a fax machine?

6 What time / he/ get up?

7 When/ Emily/ have dinner?

8 you/ like/ nightclubs?

9 they/ go/ to the beach at the weekend?

10 where / you/ work?

 

”пражнение 4. «аполните пропуски в диалоге подход€щим по смыслу глаголом.

1 Ц Hello, I _____ Kate Kern. And what _____ your name?

2 Ц Hi, my name _____ Ann Brown. I _____ glad to meet you.

3 Ц Where _____ you live, Ann?

4 Ц I _____ from Leeds. And where _____ you from?

5 Ц I _____ from London. ______ there a sports centre in Leeds?

6 Ц Yes, there _____ three big sports centres in my town.

7 Ц What _____ your favourite sport?

8 Ц I like swimming. And what about you? ______ you like swimming?

9 Ц No, I _____. But my best friend ______. And I like tennis.

10 Ц _______ you ______ any hobbies? ______ you like reading?

11 Ц Yes, I _____.

12 Ц What ______ your favourite books?

13 Ц I like detective stories. Do you?

14 Ц No, I ______. _____ you ______ any brothers or sisters?

15 Ц No, I ______ an only child.

16 Ц And I _____ a brother.

17 Ц How old ______ he?

18 Ц He _____ 5. He _____ go to school.

 

”пражнение 5. ѕрочтитеинтервью и заполните пропуски в диалоге подход€щим по смыслу словом.

A: When 1)______ you get up?

B: At ten in the evening.

A: 2)______ you work at night?

B: Yes, I do.

A: What 3)_____ you 4)______ in the afternoon?

B: I sleep.

A: 5)______ do you have dinner?

B: I 6)________ dinner at about eleven in the morning.

A: Do 7)_______ work in an office?

B: No, I 8)_____.

A: Where 9)_______ you work?

B: I 10)________ in a hospital.

A: So, what do you do?

B: IТm a ___________.

 

PAST SIMPLE

”пражнение 1. Ќапишите форму глагола в Past Simple в соответствующей колонке.

finish, stay, drive, tidy, produce, job, study, change, work, clean, wash, walk, watch, start, cook, listen, stop, stay, play, live, carry, plan, like, want, try

+ -ed + -d -y → -ied + согласный + -ed
finished st a yed   produced tidied job b ed

 

”пражнение 2. ѕоставьте глаголы, данные в скобках, в Past Simple.

LisaТs Day

LisaТs day 1)_____ (start) at 8.00 a.m. yesterday. She 2)_____ (walk) to work at 9.00 and she 3)_____ (work) from 9.30 to 4.30. Then she 4)_____ (play) tennis with a friend from 4.30 to 5.30. At home she 5)_____ (cook) dinner for her family then she 6)_____ (help) her son with his school work. In the evening she 7)______ (watch) a video and she 8)_____ (relax).

 

”пражнение 3. —оставьте рассказ о распор€дке дн€ ”оррена, использу€ данную ниже информацию.

WarrenТs Day.

start 6.30a.m.

walk to bus stop 7.00

wait for bus 7.15 to 7.30

work 8.00 to 4.00

repair cars all day

cook dinner

study 7.30 to 9.30

listen to music

”пражнение 4. ѕерепишите предложени€, использу€ форму Past Simple от глагола to be и слова данные в скобках.

I, he, she, it (ед.ч.) was (wasnТt)

we, you, they (мн.ч.) were (werenТt)

1 I am at university now. (yesterday at 9)

2 We are glad to see you. (at our party)

3 He is a student. (5 years ago)

4 She is ill. She is in bed. (yesterday)

5 The children are at school. (from 8 to 12)

6 It is cold today. (last week)

7 You are late. (for the meeting)

”пражнение 5. ѕерепишите предложени€, не соответствующие действительности, в отрицательной форме и дайте правильный вариант.

1 I was in London last week.

2 We were in the canteen (столова€) five minutes ago.

3 My grandfather was the President of the country.

4 I was late for the first lesson.

5 There were 5 lectures yesterday.

6 The revolution of 1917 was in December.

7 World War II was from 1941 to 1945.

8 Pushkin and Lermontov were artists.

 

”пражнение 6. –асспросите своего партнера, где он/она был(а) в указанное врем€.

A: Where were you yesterday evening?

B: I was at home.

A: Were you in the living room?

B: No, I was in bed.

ten minutes ago

an hour ago

six hours ago

yesterday at midday

at eight oТclock last night

last Sunday afternoon

last Saturday evening

last summer

at home, at university, at the theatre, at school, at a store (магазин),

at a lecture, at a lesson

in the classroom, in the office, in the kitchen, in the park, in bed, in a store

in Perm, in Paris, in England, in France, in Turkey, in the south

 

”пражнение 7. ѕовторите формы неправильных глаголов, разделите данные ниже глаголы на правильные и неправильные и заполните таблицу формой Past Simple.

INFINITIVE PAST SIMPLE FORM
  Regular Irregular
1 be 2 try 3 invent 4 get up 5 take 6 see 7 help 8 come 9 put 10 make 11 can 12 write 13 study 14 have 15 go 16 fail 17 work 18 buy 19 do   tried   was/were

 

”пражнение 8. ѕерепишите предложени€, использу€ форму Past Simple глагола и слова данные в скобках.

He usually gets up at 7 oТclock. (yesterday)

He got up at 7 oТclock yesterday.

1 We take the bus to work every morning. (yesterday morning)

2 Many students fail in mathematics. (in the autumn term)

3 Don and Eva see their grandchildren once a week. (last Sunday)

4 Mum makes fantastic chocolate biscuits. (for the party)

5 I help my sister with her English. (yesterday)

6 Albert goes to Turkey on every holiday. (on his last holiday)

7 I can swim 500 metres in twenty minutes. (when I was a child)

8 My sister buys a lot CDs. (2 days ago)

9 We study many new subjects at university. (last year)

10 They arenТt very happy about the weather. (about the weather on holiday)

11 He usually comes in time. (for the first lesson)

12 I work in the evenings. (yesterday evening)

 

”пражнение 9. —оставьте вопросы, использу€ данные ниже подсказки. ќтветьте на вопросы.

you / have/ a good holiday?

Did you have a good holiday?

1. Where/ you/ go?

2. you/ stay/ in a nice place?

3. What/ you/ do?

4. you/ meet/ any friends?

5. How long/ you/ stay?

6. When/ you/ get home?

7. you/ buy your friends/ anything?

 

”пражнение 10. ѕерепишите предложени€, не соответствующие действительности, в отрицательной форме и дайте правильный вариант.

Christopher Columbus invented the compass.

Christopher Columbus didnТt invent the compass. He discovered America.

I was in London last week.

I wasnТt in London last week. I was in Perm.

1 Charles Darwin was an American.

2 William Shakespeare [`∫eikspiә] wrote СDon QuixoteТ [`kwiksәt].

3 My great-grandparents were bankers.

4 We had mobile phones in the 1970s.

5 My father studied at Oxford.

6 My brother studied Chinese at school.

7 I took ten exams in winter.

8 I failed at my last examination.

9 I did my homework yesterday morning.

10 I saw the President of our country yesterday and spoke to him.

 

”пражнение 11. ѕоставьте глагол в скобках в соответствующую форму Past или Present Simple.

1 I usually _____ (to watch) TV in the evenings.

2 Yesterday evening I _____ (to watch) an interesting film.

3 He _____ (to go) to the university four days a week.

4 He _____ (to meet) his friend at the cinema two days ago.

5 _____ you _____(to read) this book when you _____ (to be) a child?

6 _____ you often _____ (to read) newspapers?

7 Where _____ (to be) you now? Ц I _____ (to be) at university.

8 I _____ not _____ (to do) my last homework.

9 He _____ not ______ (to know) my brother.

10 Ann _____ not (to be) in the south last summer. She _____ (to go) to Poland.

FUTURE SIMPLE

”пражнение 1. «аполните пропуски, использу€ shall (Сll) или shanТt.

1 A: This bag is very heavy!

B: Let me help. I _____ carry (нести) it for you.

2 A: Shall we talk about this tomorrow.

B: No. I _____ be here tomorrow.

3 A: I donТt have any money for the taxi.

B: ItТs alright. I _____ pay for it.

4 A: Would you like some coffee?

B: No, thanks. I ______ sleep tonight if I drink it now.

5 A: How does this computer work?

B: Come here and I _____ show you.

6 A: How were your exam results?

B: I _____ know until I go back to school.

 

”пражнение 2. «аполните пропуски, shall/will (Сll) или shanТt/wonТt с подход€щим по смыслу глаголом:

like be pass rain get go see hurt

1 I donТt want to go to the beach. It _____ very busy today.

2 We havenТt got much money so we _____ on holiday this year.

3 I _____ the whole country in two weeks. ItТs too big.

4 I think Katya _____ the tour guide job. SheТs got a lot of experience.

5 DonТt worry about your driving test. IТm sure you _____.

6 The weather doesnТt look very good. Do you think it _____.

7 DonТt be scared of (Ќе бойтесь) my dog. He _____ you.

8 Do you think Anna _____ the present we bought her?

 

”пражнение 3. ѕосмотрите на прогноз погоды из английской газеты и ответьте на вопрос:

What will the weather be like tomorrow in different capitals of the world?

Model I: It will be cloudy in Е tomorrow.

The temperature [`temprit∫ә] will be -3ºC (three degrees below zero [`ziәrәu]).

Athens [`æӨinz] S 16ºC

Berlin F 8ºC

Brussels [`brΛslz] C 6ºC S Ц sunny

London R 3ºC F Ц fine

Madrid S 15ºC — Ц cloudy [`klaudi]

Moscow C -1ºC R Ц rainy

Paris F 7ºC

Stockholm [`stokhәum] R 1ºC

What will the weather in your town be like tomorrow?

”пражнение 4. ¬ы принимаете участие в опросе. ѕредположите, произойдут ли в будущем данные событи€:

1 technologies/ develop/ rapidly

2 earthquake/ strike/ Е

3 people/ fly to the Mars/ in...

4 economy/ improve significantly/ in Е

5 climate/ continue to change

6 it/ be much warmer / in Е.

7 palms (пальмы)/ grow in the Ural region

8 there/ be the second Flood

9 people/ live for ever (вечно)

10 scientists/ discover/ cure for the flu

PAY ATTENTION

Will со 2-м л. часто выражает вежливую просьбу:

Will you open the window, please. Ц ќткройте, пожалуйста, окно.

Can (Could) you open the window, please.

 

Shall we? обозначает предложение совместных действий:

Shall we go out tonight? Ц ѕойдем куда-нибудь вечером?

(LetТs go out tonight.)

Shall I может также обозначать предложение услуг или обращение за советом или указанием.

Shall I help you? Ц ¬ам помочь? (Can I help you?)

What shall I do? Ц „то мне делать? (What must I do?)

 

”пражнение 5. ѕопросите повторить. —оставьте диалог по образцу.

Model: - Read the text.

- Shall I read the text? (Must I read the text?)

- Yes, do please.

Substitutions: Say it again. Pronounce [pr∂`nauns] it once more. Translate the text. Ask questions on the text. Repeat my answer. Switch off the computer.

 

”пражнение 6. ѕопросите сделать что-нибудь дл€ вас. —оставьте диалог по образцу.

Model: - Will you bring the mail, please?

- Certainly. IТll do it right away (немедленно).

- Thank you.

- Not at all (пожалуйста, не стоит благодарности).

Substitutions: buy tickets for the ballet [`bælei] / football match; send the letter; phone Ann; give me your textbook, lend me money

”пражнение 7. ѕереведите диалоги на английский €зык:

1. -  огда ты придешь посмотреть мою новую квартиру,

- ћожно прийти в п€тницу?

-  онечно, приходи в 7 часов. “еб€ устраивает (to suit/ be convinient) это врем€? ћы будем дома.

2. -  оторый час?

- 11.40.

- Ѕоюсь, что мы опоздаем на поезд (to miss train).

- Ќет, мы приедем на вокзал воврем€.

3. - “ы будешь смотреть телевизор сегодн€ вечером?

—егодн€ будет очень интересный международный футбольный матч.

-  онечно. / ¬р€д ли (scarcely [`skε∂sli]).

4. - »звините, но текст очень трудный, и € не могу его перевести.

- ƒа, он действительно трудный. ¬ам помочь?

- ѕожалуйста.

5. - “ы пойдешь на выставку завтра утром?

-   сожалению (unfortunately [Λn`fo:t∫nitli]), € буду зан€т.

SIMPLE TENSES REVIEW

”пражнение 1. —кажите, что это произойдет в будущем. ”потребите глагол в скобках в форме Present Simple или Future Simple. ќбратите внимание на придаточные услои€ и времени.

1 If you (go) to Perm, you (see) him.

2 Unless I (be) too busy, I (go) there for certain.

3 When you (see) him, you (speak) to him, I hope.

4 Unless he (be) too busy, he (help) you.

5 Provided he (be) busy, he (tell) you about it.

6 If I (have) enough time, I (visit) the Russian Museum.

7 If you (work) hard, you (have) enough time.

8 As soon as I (return), I (call) you up.

 

”пражнение 2. «акончите следующие предложени€, обраща€ внимание та тип придаточного предложени€.

1 I donТt know if Е.

2 We are not sure whether Е.

3 You may watch TV until Е.

4 IТll give him the book as soon as Е.

5 WeТll go to the country unless Е.

6 IТll wait for Nick till Е.

7 HeТs got plenty of things to do before Е.

8 TheyТll ring him up if Е.

9 WeТll be able to finish it in advance provided Е

”пражнение 3. ѕоставьте глагол в одной из форм Simple, соблюда€ пор€док слов в английском €зыке.

1. My friend (work) at a plant.

2. When he (graduate) from the Institute, he (work) at a plant.

3. We (get) books from the library last week.

4. They (translate) text two tomorrow.

5. (Read) you this book in your childhood?

6. (Ask) the teacher the new grammar rule at the next lesson?

7. (There be) any laboratories at your university?

8. (There be) nobody in the lab.

9. He (not/go) to the cinema yesterday.

10. The lecture (not/ begin) at 8 oТclock.

 

”пражнение 4. ѕоставьте глагол в одной из форм Simple, соблюда€ пор€док слов в английском €зыке.

1 Where you (be) from?

2 That book (not / be) interesting.

3 I (not / stay) at home on Sundays.

4 He (not / have) much money.

5 Where you (live)?

6 Your sister (go) often to the theatre? Ц No, she Е.

7 She (come) to the party tomorrow.

8 He (be) 14 next year?

9 I can give him the book, if I (see) him tomorrow.

10 I donТt know, if I (see) him tomorrow.

11 The weather (be) nice today, but it (be) bad yesterday.

12 You (see) often Tom? Ц Not often, but I (see) him some days ago.

13 When you (write) your friend last time?

 





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