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»м€ прилагательное (the adjective)




—“≈ѕ≈Ќ» —–ј¬Ќ≈Ќ»я ѕ–»Ћј√ј“≈Ћ№Ќџ’ » Ќј–≈„»…

”пражнение 1. ”потребите нужную форму прилагательного, поставьте определенный артикль, где необходимо:

1. Moscow is (large) than Petersburg.

2. John is (short) than William.

3. Henry is (tall) of all.

4. This summer is (hot) than last summer.

5. December 22 is (short) day of the year.

6. This is (beautiful) house in the city.

7. He is (good) student in the group.

8. Which is (large) city in your country?

9. Mathematics is (difficult) for him than physics.

10. The Volga is one of the (long) rivers in the world.

11. January is (cold) than March.

12. Agatha Christie is one of (famous) English writers.

13. There were (many) students at the lecture today than yesterday.

14. The Assembly Hall is (large) room in our university.

15. Yesterday our team played football very badly. I think it was their (bad) match.

16. Their house in the country is (little) comfortable than their flat in the town.

”пражнение 2. ѕереведите предложени€ и словосочетани€, обраща€ внимание на союзы сравнени€:

1. It was not so warm as it is today.

2. I do not get up so early on Sunday as on weekdays.

3. Unit One is not so difficult as Unit Three.

4. She does not work at her English as much as she did last year.

5. Chemistry is not so interesting to him as mathematics.

6. As black as coal (уголь).

7. As heavy as lead (свинец).

8. As light as a feather (перо).

9. As wet as a fish.

10. He knows English better than you.

11. This book is more interesting than yours.

12. English is easier than Russian.

13. This flat is less comfortable than ours.

14. The more we study, the more we know.

The more we know, the more we forget.

The more we forget, the less we know.

The less we know, the less we forget.

The less we forget, the more we know.

So why study?

”пражнение 3. a) Ќапишите степени сравнени€ от данных ниже прилагательных и наречий:

Interesting, boring, easy, difficult, little, much, bad, calm, intensive, hard, good, well

b) ”потребите подход€щее по смыслу прилагательное или наречие в нужной форме:

1 I study in the ________ university in our town.

2 After I entered the university my life changed. Earlier my life was ________. Now it has become much ___________ than before it.

3 Earlier I had ___________ time and now I have ____________ time than before.

4 At University we study _________ subjects but Е I like ___________ of all.

5 Computing is __________ for me than English.

6 Last term we took many exams. I passed mathematics __________ than other subjects.

7 It is ________ to take examinations at university than at school.

8 This term I study ________ than I did last term.

9 The _______ I study, the _______ I know.

10 After I graduate from the university my life will not be as ________ as now.

”пражнение 4. a) ќтметьте правильные предложени€ словом Correct, а неправильные словом Wrong. б) »справьте грамматически неверные предложени€.

¬ариант I

1. IТm busier than my little sister.

2. London is more old than New York.

3. This exercise is more difficult than that one.

4. Be activer at your lessons, please.

5. The boy is as taller as his father.

6. Yesterday he started to feel more bad.

7. He said that money was the most important thing to him.

8. MaryТs answer is correcter than yours.

¬ариант II

1. ItТs the most sharp pencil I have.

2. Do you know the shortest way to the station?

3. She is the most pretty girl IТve ever know.

4. He makes more mistakes than you do.

5. Baseball is the popularest summer sport in America.

6. Soon it began to get more darker and it was time to go back home.

7. Can you come more early next time?

8. You should be carefuler.

 

»ћя „»—Ћ»“≈Ћ№Ќќ≈ (THE NUMERAL)

”пражнение 1. Ќазовите по-английски:

5; 15; 3; 13; 30; 51; 18; 11; 12; 20; 74; 112; 201; 946; 698; 10,575; 576,276; 7,000,000; 1.0252; 0.85; 5.3; ½; ¼; 2/3; 1 ½; 2 5/6

1,005 magazines; 506 students; 4,790 specialists; 5,400,000 books; 675 miles; 1,431 kilometres; 672 roubles; on page 733; by bus 9; by tram 27; in room 218; on the 12th day

on the 1st of May; on January 18th, 1979; on November 7th, 1947; at the end of 1968; 2000; 2008; at the beginning 2013;

 

”пражнение 2. ѕереведите на английский €зык:

9 ма€ 1945 года; 23 феврал€ 1917 года; 12 марта 1976 года; 31 €нвар€ 1983 года; в но€бре 2003 года; 2 августа 2011

25 ма€; 175 тыс€ч рублей; 20 миллионов людей; 3,500 студентов; 8,750 книг; 375,285 машин; 13 часов; 30 страниц; 3.5 мили; 3/4 пути; 0,5 кг

ѕ–≈ƒЋќ√» ћ≈—“ј » ¬–≈ћ≈Ќ»

”пражнение 1. ¬ыберите подход€щий предлог.

1. I live _____ Vienna.

a) in b) at c) on

2. Her office is _____ the end of the corridor.

a) in b) at c) on

3. Did you go out _____ Friday evening?

a) in b) at c) on

4. Are you going away on holiday _____ summer?

a) in b) at c) on

5. We're flying to Berlin _____ the 2nd of June.

a) in b) at c) on

6. The cat sat _____ the mat.

a) in b) at c) on

7. I started work this morning _____ 8am.

a) in b) at c) on

8. Dieter went to the cinema _____ the evening.

a) in b) at c) on

9. The picture is _____ the wall.

a) in b) at c) on

10. Are you doing anything special _____ the weekend?

a) in b) at c) on

11. We met them _____ the airport.

a) in b) at c) on

12. I work _____ the city centre.

a) in b) at c) on

13. We went to a great party _____January.

a) in b) at c) on

14. We discussed this question _____ the lesson.

a) in b) at c) on

15. Sochi is _____ the south of our country.

a) in b) at c) on

16. Are you going away _____ Easter.

a) in b) at c) on

17. I'm going to a party _____ New Year's Eve.

a) in b) at c) on

18. Are you doing anything special _____ New Year?

a) in b) at c) on

19. My office is _____ the second floor

a) in b) at c) on

20. There's somebody waiting _____ the bus stop. a) in b) at c) on
21. Julia goes to her fitness class _____ Tuesdays. a) in b) at c) on 22. Turn left ______ the end of the street. a) in b) at c) on

”пражнение 2. ”потребите, где необходимо, подход€щий по смыслу предлог.

1. We are students. ____ the morning we go ____ the University.

2. Our lectures begin ______ 8.30 oТclock.

3. We usually have classes _____ 8.30am _____ 3.30 pm.

4. We have no lectures _____ Friday.

5. We take examinations ____ January and June.

6. We do not study _____ summer.

7. We come _____ the classroom and sit down ______ the tables.

8. We take our books and notebooks _____ the bags and put them _______ the table.

9. Our pens are _____ the table too.

10. Our bags are usually ______ the tables _____ the floor.

11. During the lesson we go _____ the blackboard and write sentences _____ it.

12. When the lessons are over we go _______ the classroom and go _____ home.

13. We usually come back ______ the University ______ 4 oТclock _____ the afternoon.

14. We usually have a good time _____ the week-end.

 

√Ћј√ќЋ (THE VERB)

‘ќ–ћџ √Ћј√ќЋј

PARTICIPLE I Ц PARTICIPLE II

”пражнение 1. ќбразуйте форму причасти€ насто€щего времени (ParticipleI) от следующих глаголов по образцу; переведите их на русский €зык.

Model I: to stand Ц standing

to each, to work, to look, to go, to help, to do, to read, to ask, a to nswer;

Model II: to study Ц studying

to play, to stay, to buy, to say;

Model III: to live Ц living

to write, to take, to give, to come, to have, to leave, to translate;

Model IV: to sit Ц sitting

to get, to begin, to put.

 

”пражнение 2. ќбразуйте форму причасти€ прошедшего времени (ParticipleII) от следующих глаголов и переведите их на русский €зык.

to find, to send, to take, to install, to develop, to leave, to write, to receive, to make, to give, to equip, to see, to transform, to found, to speak, to do, to bring

”пражнение 3. ѕереведите словосочетани€, обраща€ внимание на функцию причастий.

the plant producing machinery, the cars produced at this plant, producing cars;

the asking student, the student asked by the teacher, asking the student;

reading a book, playing tennis, leaving the town;

a new house built recently (недавно), building the house, the workes building the house;

using a new method, the engineers using a new method, the new method used by engineers;

pupils writing a test, the test written at the last lesson, writing a test;

translating the text into Russian

 

”пражнение 4. ѕереведите на английский €зык.

студент, спрошенный на уроке Ц студент, задающий вопрос Ц спрашива€ на уроке;

предметы, изучаемые в университете Ц ученые, изучающие это €вление Ц изуча€ эти €влени€;

дом, построенный в прошлом году Ц рабочие, строившие этот дом Ц стро€ этот дом;

специалист, приглашенный на лекцию Ц человек, пригласивший вас Ц приглаша€ на лекцию;

отправл€€ письмо Ц письмо, отправленное вчера Ц человек, отправивший письмо.

8.2 TO BE Ц TO HAVE Ц THERE BE

”пражнение 1. ”потребите соответствующую форму глагола to be в Present Indefinite.

1. I _____ from Moscow. And where _____ you from?

2. How old _____ you? How old _____ your brother?

3. What _____ your friendТs name?

4. What _____ your friendsТ names?

5. I _____ glad to see you. How _____ you?

6. The dog _____ in the garden.

7. TomТs parents _____ engineers.

8. We _____ students. ______ you a student too?

9. That book _____ interesting.

10. These books _____ interesting.

 

”пражнение 2. a) «аполните пропуски формами глагола to be (am, is, isnТt, are или arenТt.)

b) ѕодберите ответы (a-j) к вопросам (1-10).

1 Where is she from? a) It ______ a mobile phone.

2 How old _____ you? b) No, I ____ not.

3 What ___ it? c) No, he ______.

4 Who ____ he? d) Yes, she _____.

5 _____ you married? e) He ______ Mr Clinton.

6 _____ she a student? f) No, they _______.

7 _____ he Russian? g) They ______ mobile phones.

8 _____ they from Columbia? h) It _____ in Switzerland.

9 Where _____ Bern? i) He _____ an engineer.

10 What _____ they? j) I ______ nineteen.

11 What _____ he? h) She ______ from Poland.

”пражнение 3. ”потребите глагола to have или конструкцию there + be в соответствующей форме Present Indefinite. ќбратите внимание на пор€док слов в вопросе.

1. My friend _____ a new flat.

2. _____ three rooms in his flat.

3. _____ no TV-set in my room.

4. I _____ no TV-set in my room.

5. _____ you _____ a telephone in your flat?

6. _____ a telephone in your flat?

7. How many lectures _____ we _____ today?

8. How many lectures _____ today?

”пражнение 4. ”потребите глагола to be, to have или конструкцию there + be в соответствующей форме Present, Past или Future Indefinite. ќбратите внимание на пор€док слов в вопросе.

1. The weather _____ bad yesterday, but it _____ nice today.

2. The teacher asked the students:

a) - _____ any questions to me?

b) - _____ (you) any questions to me?

3. He _____ no time now, but I think, he _____ free tonight.

4. Some years ago _____ some cinemas in our town, but now _____ only one.

5. a) We _____ four lessons tomorrow.

b) _____ four lessons tomorrow.

”пражнение 5. ѕереведите фразы диалога с русского на английский €зык.

A)

Ц (¬ы госпожа ƒжонсон, не так ли?)

Ц Yes, that is my name. Why?

Ц IТm here to meet you. (ћен€ зовут Е я Ц студент ѕермского “ехнического университета.)

Ц Technical University? That is strange.

Ц (–азве ¬ы не ћери ƒжонсон из Ћондона?)

Ц No, IТm Margaret Johnson and IТm from New-York.

Ц (»звините.)

Ц ThatТs all right.

Ц (Ќо где же ћери ƒжонсон?)

Ц Write a notice for her.

B)

Ц »звините, есть ли на этой улице большой магазин (any big store)?

Ц No, there isnТt any. ThereТs only a small shop here.

Ц √де он?

Ц ItТs not far away from here. ItТs across the street next to the new block.

Ц Ѕольшое спасибо.

Ц Not at all.

”пражнение 6. ѕереведите на английский €зык:

1. я очень зан€т.

2. ≈му 20 лет.

3. —туденты в университете.

4. —егодн€ холодно.

5. ” моего друга много книг.

6. ” нее была хороша€ работа.

7. ¬ группе 20 студентов.

8. ” нас нет урока.

9. ћен€ не было дома.

10. –€дом с домом нет сада.

11. ¬ его работе не много ошибок.

12. “ы будешь вечером дома?

13. ќни были вчера на уроке?

14. ≈го ответ хороший?

15. ” него хороший учебник?

16. ” него будет хороша€ работа?

17. ¬ библиотеке есть английские газеты?

18. «десь есть телефон?





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