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B. Future Perfect Progressive




 

A. Future Perfect

Future Perfect (Будущее совершенное время) обозначает действие, которое завершится к определенному моменту в будущем.

 

 
 

 
 


shall + have + V3 will

· + She will have finished.

· - She will not have finished.

·? Will she have finished?

Yes, she will. No, she will not. (No, she won't.)

 

Будущее совершенное время часто употребляется с обстоятельствами "by then" - к тому времени, "by... o'clock" - к... часу, "by the end of" - к концу:

· By 2 o'clock we'll have discussed all the problems.

· The car will soon have done 100,000 miles.

Exercise1. Fill in the blanks with the Future Perfect of the verbs shown in brackets.

 
 

 


Example: In two monthґs time Cynthia and Karl will have been married for fifty years.

1. The builders say they __________ the leaking roof by the weekend. (repair)

2. Hopefully the boss __________ all the candidates by 6.30. (interview)

3. The company __________ 200, 000 bottles of cava before the end of the year. (export)

4. Judy has promised her agent that by September she __________ the first three chapters of her new novel. (write)

5. Poor Harry! If he doesn’t get any sleep tonight, he __________ for almost three days! (not / sleep)

6. Next time you see me I __________ my driving test. (take)

7. By the end of the tour the band __________ in over 30 countries. (play)

8. We hope that by 4 o’clock this afternoon we __________ the contract on our new house. (sign)

9. The director is confident that by December company profits __________ by more than 150%. (rise)

10. There’s no point going to the cinema now. The film __________. (already / start)

 

Exercise2. Use the future perfect to put the beginnings and ends together:

BEGINNINGS ENDS
I (not finish) the report by Monday, In a couple of years the children (leave) home On our next wedding anniversary When I get home tonight When I retire and we’ll be able to get a smaller house. and it’s needed for Monday morning. I (drive) for fourteen hours nonstop. I (work) for forty years. we (be) married for twenty-five years.

 

Exercise 3. Put the verbs in brackets into the future perfect tense:

 
 

 

 


1. I hope they (repair) this road by the time we come back next summer.

2. By the end of next week my wife (do) her spring cleaning and we'll all be able to relax again.

3. Yes, I make jam every week. I (make) about 200 kilos by the end of the summer.

4. In two months' time he (finish) his preliminary training and will be starting work.

5. He spends all his spare time planting trees. He says that by the end of next year he (plant) 2,000.

6. - I'll be back again at the end of next month.

- I hope I (pass) my driving test by then. If I have, I'll meet your train.

7. Come back in an hour. I (do) my packing by then and we'll be able to have a talk.

8. When he reaches Land's End he (walk) 1,500 miles.

9. He's only 35 but he's started losing his hair already. He (lose) it all by the time he's 50.

10. His father left him Ј400,000, but he lives so extravagantly that he (spend) it all before he's 30.

11. By the end of next year I (work) for him for 45 years.

 

Exercise 4. Put the verbs in brackets into the future perfect tense:

 
 

 


1. In a fortnight's time we (take) our exam.

2. I (finish) this book by tomorrow evening.

3. By this time tomorrow we (have) our injections.

4. By the end of next year I (be) here twenty-five years.

5. I'll still be here next summer but Tom (leave).

6. I (finish) this job in twenty minutes.

7. By next winter they (build) four houses in that field.

8. When we reach Valparaiso we (sail) all round the world.

9. At the rate he is going he (spend) all his money by the time he is twenty-one.

10. By this time next year I (save) £250.

11. By the time we get to the party everything (be) eaten.

12. The train (leave) before we reach the station.

13. If I continue with my diet I (lose) 10 kilos by the end of the month.

14. By the end of my university course I (attend) 1,200 lectures.

15. By the end of this week my illness (cost) me £100.

16. By the time that he leaves school his parents (spend) £25,000 on his education.

17. By the end of the term I (read) all twelve volumes.

18. When you come back I (finish) all the housework.

19. The police (hear) of the theft by this time.

20. We (drink) all that wine by the end of the year.

21. On the fourth of next month he (be) in prison for ten years.

22. When we reach Crewe we (do) half of the journey.

23. At this rate you (break) all the wine glasses by the end of the month.

24. If we don't hurry the sun (rise) before we reach the top.

Exercise 5. For each situation there are 2 future events. Combine the 2 future events by using the future perfect. Use before or by the time. The first 5 are new year's resolutions. There may be more than one answer.

 

1. First event: I will stop smoking.

Second event: Spring will arrive.

2. First event: I will lose 25 pounds.

Second event: I will see you in the summer.

3. First event: I will learn to cook.

Second event: I will make my family a gourmet meal.

4. First event: I will apply to college.

Second event: July will come.

5. First event: I will write a new résumé on MyEnglishTeacher.net.

Second event: The end of January will come.

6. First event: She will finish her Ph.D. thesis.

Second event: Julie will graduate from Oxford University in May.

7. First event: The doctor will return.

Second event: Noon will arrive.

8. First event: We will fix your car.

Second event: You will come back.

9. First event: Her pictures will be developed.

Second event: Mike will finish lunch.

10. First event: Pigs will fly.

Second event: Richard will do his homework.

 

Exercise 6. Life events


1. Divide the class into groups of three or four. Each group brainstorms a list of events that may happen to them in the future (get married, have children, get a degree, graduate from the university, finish the English program, return home, buy a new car, etc.).

2. Each student in the group works independently to make five sentences that use two of the items on the list. They may use an item more than once. For example, a student may decide to combine the items get married and graduate from the university into a sentence such as By the time I get married, I will have graduated from the university.

3. Each student reads his/her sentences to the group. The group decides if the sentences are grammatically correct.

Exercise 7. A romantic novelist writes 300-page books. She writes ten pages a day, and takes no holidays. Use the future perfect to answer the questions.

 

Student A: Student B:

 

 


1. How many pages will she have written after ten days? After a month? After a year? After ten years?

2. If she starts today, how soon will she have finished her first book? How many books will she have written a year from now?

3. She earns $100,000 per book. How much money will she have made altogether after her 120th book?

 





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