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Unit 6. Future Simple and Future Progressive




A. Future Simple

B. Future Progressive

 
 

A. Future Simple

 

”твердительна€ форма образуетс€ при помощи вспомогательных глаголов shall (дл€ первого лица единственного и множественного числа), will (дл€ всех остальных лиц) и основного глагола в инфинитиве без частицы to:

 

I shall read.

He will read.

 

ѕримечание: ¬ современном английском €зыке есть тенденци€ к употреблению вспомогательного глагола will дл€ всех лиц.

 

¬ вопросительной форме вспомогательный глагол ставитс€ перед подлежащим:

Shall I read?

Will he read?

 

ќтрицательна€ форма образуетс€ при помощи отрицани€ not, которое ставитс€ после вспомогательного глагола:

I shall not (shanТt) read.

He will not (wonТt) read.

 

”твердительна€ форма ¬опросительна€ форма ќтрицательна€ форма
I shall work Shall I work? I shall not work
He will work Will he work? He will not work
She will work Will she work? She will not work
We shall work Shall we work? We shall not work
You will work Will you work? You will not work
They will work Will they work? They will not work

 

Future Simple употребл€етс€ дл€ выражени€ обычных действий, которые произойдут или будут происходить в будущем. Future Simple обозначает как однократное, так и повтор€ющеес€ действие и переводитс€ на русский €зык будущим временем глагола совершенного и несовершенного вида. Future Simple не употребл€етс€ в придаточных предложени€х услови€ и времени - в этих случа€х употребл€етс€ Present Simple.

 

He will go to the country if the weather is fine.

 

Future Simple употребл€етс€ со словами и словосочетани€ми:

Ј tomorrow - завтра,

Ј the day after tomorrow - послезавтра,

Ј next week/month/ year - на следующей неделе/ в будущем мес€це/ году,

Ј in - через,

Ј soon - скоро,

Ј one of these days - на дн€х,

Ј in the near future - в ближайшем будущем.

Exercise 1. Open the brackets using the Future Simple:


1. We (to go) to the park in summer.

2. I (not to phone) her tonight.

3. Tomorrow I (to go) to the cinema.

4. Perhaps this doctor (to help) you.

5. My friend (to come) to see me tomorrow.

6. He (not to go) to the Hermitage tomorrow.

7. ItТs hot, I (to open) the window.

8. Maybe we (to have) enough money some day.

9. I (not to tell) anyone what happened.

10. His sister (to finish) school next year.

Exercise 2. Open the brackets using the Future Simple:


1. My niece (to take) a cold shower tomorrow morning.

2. I am afraid, it (to be) foggy tomorrow.

3. She (to put on) a new dress tomorrow evening.

4. I (not to wake up) at six oТclock tomorrow.

5. He (to pay) by credit card.

6. My nephew (to visit) me next Sunday.

7. Soon I (to go) shopping.

8. When the concert (to start)?

9. She (to help) her mother about the house the day after tomorrow.

10. I (not to give) you your money back.

Exercise 3. Make the following sentences interrogative and negative:

Student A: Student B:

 

 

1. He will remember this event all his life.

2. Wait a moment. I shall call my chief.

3. Tomorrow I shall apologize to him.

4. Mother will send the parcel.

5. I am sure that I shall recognize him.

6. The secretary will type these letters in half an hour.

7. We shall study French at school.

8. She will sweep the floor in two hours.

9. There will be a lot of people at the lecture today.

10. Her father will work at a shoe factory.

11. Kate will help Pete with math next week.

12. His sister will teach physics at the University.

13. IТll be in tomorrow morning.

14. We shall write exercises on the blackboard.

15. He will meet his friend at the railway station tomorrow.

16. They will go to the theatre tomorrow.

17. HeТll be out tomorrow.

Exercise 4. Make the following sentences interrogative and negative:

Student A: Student B:

 

1. The teacher will give the students good marks at the next classes.

2. They will go to the zoo tomorrow.

3. The talk will be very interesting.

4. He will finish school next year.

5. They will pick vegetables in the kitchen garden tomorrow.

6. We shall have examinations next month.

7. I shall forget about it.

8. We shall have dinner in an hour

9. They will go home by train in two days.

10. I shall buy a new coat next week.

11. He will remember us.

12. Soon she will send a letter to her friend.

13. I shall water the flowers the day after tomorrow.

14. My parents will go to the south next summer.

15. There will be a lot of work to do tomorrow.

16. He will leave for London in three days.

17. They will work on a farm next autumn.

18. I shall be able to go to classes soon.

19. It will snow tomorrow morning.

20. IТll have to stay at home this evening.

21. She will look after her little sister tomorrow evening.

22. I shall have bread and butter and tea for breakfast tomorrow.

Exercise 5. Put the verbs into the Present Simple or the Future Simple:


1. As soon as Rolf (to come), his parents (to give) him his birthday present.

2. If my cousin (to buy) a new dress, she (to be) happy.

3. Tim (not to have) problems at the University if he (to work) hard.

4. When it (to rain), they (to go) home.

5. When I (to be) sixty years old, I (to lead) quiet life in the country.

6. As soon as Philip (to recover) he (to go) to school.

7. We (not to climb) this mountain before we (not to listen) to the weather cast.

8. If I (not to help) Dolly, she (to be late).

9. When my neighbour (to drop) in again tomorrow, I (to make) a cake for her.

10. I (to feel) normal again if the weather (to change) for the better.

11. When he (to be) sixty years old, he (to retire).

 

Exercise 6. Finish the following sentences:


1. I would like to know when Е

2. He couldnТt remember when Е

3. Tell us if Е

4. Everybody wants to know when Е

5. He will buy a car if Е

6. This evening will be wonderful if Е

7. My nephew will leave for London if Е

8. She will send her mother a telegram as soon as Е

9. Mike will forget about all his studies if Е

10. Marion will see Felix when Е

Exercise 7. Translate into English.

1. ћы поедем завтра утром, если будет хороша€ погода.

2. ќн не сможет придти к тебе сегодн€, если ему придетс€ остатьс€ после работы.

3. ¬ам тоже придетс€ рано вставать?

4.  ак только он вернетс€, € вам позвоню.

5.  огда у вас будет компьютер?

6. ≈го родители будут рады, если он женитс€.

7. Ѕоюсь, что мне придетс€ пропустить несколько уроков, у мен€ больна€ мать.

8. √де она будет работать, когда окончит университет?

Exercise 8. Make up short dialogues, using the Future Simple:

.

 

1. Robert (get up early).

2. Kate (climb the mountains).

3. The secretary (type the report).

4. My sister (arrive) tomorrow.

5. The students (go sightseeing).

6. She (get to the University by bus).

7. He (stay at his auntТs).

8. Mr. Green (be in Minsk on business).

9. She (call on you).

10. They (take a taxi).

11. There (be a demonstration in Hyde Park).

12. They (help each other).

13. Your relatives (miss the train).

14. Mr. Black (look through the letters).

15. They (discuss this problem).

16. Paul (go for the weekend).

 

 

B. Future Progressive

 
 

”твердительна€ форма образуетс€ при помощи вспомогательного глагола в будущем времени (shall be, will be) и причасти€ насто€щего времени основного глагола:

 

I shall be reading.

He will be reading.

 

¬ вопросительной форме первый вспомогательный глагол ставитс€ перед подлежащим:

Will he be working?

 

ќтрицательна€ форма образуетс€ при помощи отрицани€ not, которое ставитс€ после первого вспомогательного глагола:

 

I shall not be working

 

”твердительна€ форма ¬опросительна€ форма ќтрицательна€ форма
I shall be reading Shall I be reading? I shall not be reading
He will be reading Will he be reading? He will not be reading
She will be reading Will she be reading? She will not be reading
We shall be reading Shall we be reading? We shall not be reading
You will be reading Will you be reading? You will not be reading
They will be reading Will they be reading? They will not be reading

 

Future Progressive употребл€етс€ дл€ выражени€ будущего действи€ в процессе его совершени€, т.е. незаконченное длительное действие. ћомент совершени€ действи€ в будущем может быть обозначен фразами типа:

 

Ј at six oТclock - в шесть часов,

Ј from five till seven oТclock - с п€ти до семи часов,

Ј he whole day - весь день,

Ј at that time - в это врем€,

Ј all day long - весь день,

Ј at noon - в полдень,

Ј at midnight - в полночь,

Ј when he comes - когда он придет.

 

Future Progressive переводитс€ на русский €зык будущим временем глагола несовершенного вида.

Exercise 1. Put the verbs into the Future Progressive:


1. At six oТclock tomorrow I (to watch) TV.

2. He (to wait) for you from five till seven oТclock tomorrow.

3. Tomorrow at this time you (to go) by train to Kiev.

4. She (to walk) with her friend when you come to see her.

5. I (not to do) my homework at nine oТclock.

6. I still (to work) when you return.

7. At seven oТclock tomorrow Tim (to watch) the football match on TV.

8. I hope you (not to sleep) when I come.

9. What you (to do) from 10 till 12 tomorrow?

10. IТll be busy at this time. I (to translate) the article.

11. Tomorrow evening they (to travel) to Paris by plane.

 

Exercise 2. Put the verbs into the Future Progressive:

Student A: Student B:

 

1. WhatТs her sister doing?

2. She is packing her things, isnТt she?

3. Are you waiting for your friend?

4. Where are you hurrying to?

5. My friend is staying at a hotel.

6. They are talking to my friend.

7. My son is having his English.

8. They are not smoking, are they?

9. I am having dinner at a restaurant in New York.

 

Exercise 3. Open the brackets using the Future Simple or the FutureProgressive:


1. What you (to put on) for the carnival?

2. When you come, we (to have) tea with cakes together.

3. I hate you and I (not to help) you.

4. I (to see) you next Monday.

5. Nick (to play) the piano from three till five oТclock the day after tomorrow.

6. This time tomorrow I (to arrive) at the airport at seven oТclock.

7. What your family (to do) at this time tomorrow.

8. At five oТclock we (to sit) in the train and (to go) to Madrid.

9. Join us. From six till eight we (to play) tennis.

10. Next week we (to go) on a picnic.

11. Tomorrow evening I (to take) my driving test.

12. I wonder, what (to happen) to us in two days?

13. What your father (to do) tomorrow?

14. When you (to come) to see us?

 

Exercise 4. Make the following sentences interrogative or negative:

Student A: Student B:

 
 

 

 


1. I shall be writing to my father at seven oТclock on Thursday.

2. The girls will be making their dresses when their parents come.

3. We shall be having our classes from three till six oТclock the day after tomorrow.

4. The students will be preparing for their exams the whole day.

5. Susan will be typing when her boss rings up.

6. We shall be cleaning our room from seven till nine oТclock.

 

Exercise 5. Make the following sentences interrogative and negative using theFuture Simple or the Future Progressive:


1. She (to ring) you up as soon as she (to come) home tomorrow.

2. My son (to do) his homework at six oТclock tomorrow.

3. When she comes home tomorrow, her family (to have) supper.

4. Tomorrow I (to read) a book.

5. You (to play) tennis in two days.

6. I shall (to visit) my grandmother next time.

7. We (to play) golf from three till five on Sunday.

8. They (to wait) for their friends all day long.

 

Exercise 6. Make up short dialogues:

       
 
   


1. Kate (solve a problem from two till three oТclock tomorrow).

2. His uncle (gather mushrooms at noon).

3. The boys (play football at four oТclock tomorrow).

4. The doctor (examine his patient this time the day after tomorrow).

5. The student (have their English classes from twelve till one oТclock tomorrow).

 

 






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