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XIX. Read and translate the text

Pharmacy is the science and the art concerned with collection, preparation, and standardization of drugs. Its scope includes cultivation of plants that are used as drugs, synthesis of chemical compounds of medicinal value, and analysis and standardization of medicinal agents. The science that embraces all available knowledge of drugs with special reference to the mechanism of their action in disease treatment is pharmacology. Obviously this broad science has many subdivisions, such as toxicology (the study of poisons) and therapeutics (the use of drugs in disease treatment). According to the description, pharmacy is one of the subdivisions or specialties of pharmacology. Members of this profession are called pharmacists or druggists. They were once called apothecaries. The word "pharmacy" also refers to a place where drugs are prepared or sold. Most pharmacies, sometimes called drugstores, sell a variety of products in addition to drugs. Pharmacists fill prescriptions written by physicians or dentist and prepare labels for medicines. On the labels, pharmacists include direction for patients given in prescriptions. At one time, pharmacists compounded their own medicines. Today pharmaceutical manufactures supply most drugs. But pharmacists must still compound some medicines and be able to prepare antiseptic solutions, ointments, and other common remedies. They also advise people on the selection of nonprescription drugs, such as cold tablets. In addition, pharmacists are responsible for the legal sale of narcotics and poisonous substances. Pharmacy laws generally include regulations for pharmacy practice, poisons sale, narcotics dispensing, and labeling and sale of dangerous drugs. The pharmacist sells and dispenses drugs within the provisions of the food and drug laws of the country in which he practices. These laws recognize the national pharmacopoeia (a treatise on products used in medicine, their purity, dosages, and other data) as the standard for drugs. The pharmacopoeias of different nations are compiled and published according to respective national legal procedures. The World Health Organization of the United

My College of Medicine

ћ≥й медичний коледж

I. Vocabulary.

pharmaceutical facultyЦ фармацевтичний факультет;
morning exercisesЦ ранкова г≥мнастика;
cold showerЦ холодний душ;
chemistry Ц х≥м≥€;
physiology Ц ф≥з≥олог≥€; botany Ц ботан≥ка;
pharmacology Ц фармаколог≥€;
toxicology Ц токсиколог≥€. II. Read and translate the text



I am a student of the National Medical University. I study at the pharmaceutical faculty. My everyday activities are quite routine. They are like those of any other student of our country.

On weekdays the alarm clock wakes me up at 6.30 and my working day begins. I'm not an early bird, that's why it's very difficult for me to get up, especially in winter. I switch on my tape recorder and do my morning exercises. Then I take a cold shower, brush my teeth, wash, dress, and have breakfast. Exercises and cold shower in the morning help me keep fit, so they are a very' important part of my daily routine and I try to do these procedures regularly. As a future pharmacist I believe that "an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of treatment".

I leave home at about 8 o'clock and go to the university. It takes me about forty minutes to get there. We study five days a week and usually have three or f6ur lectures a day.

During the first two years we study general sciences, such as chem≠istry, physiology, botany, English, Ukrainian, Latin, etc. During the next three years pharmaceutical students study special subjects, like pharmacy, pharmacology, toxicology and other.

The sciences we study are difficult, but good knowledge of them is necessary for my future profession. So it takes me much time and ef≠fort to do all my homework and prepare for the next day at the uni≠versity when I come home in the evening. I usually sit up late and as a rule haven't got much free time on weekdays. But when I'm not very busy I like reading, meeting friends and watching TV.

I'm a very busy person and have to work hard every day, but still I always look forward to my next working day because I like my studies at the university and 1 get a lot of useful knowledge and necessary experience here to become a good pharmacist and help sick people.

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