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IV. Vocabulary and Language




1. Scrambled Dialogue

Make up a dialogue with the given phrases. You are to use the phrases in correct order.

- 1 don't feel well. I have a dry cough, a splitting headache, and a sore throat.

- It's fast. Give me your arm.

- What's the matter with you?

- Let's take your temperature.

- Well, 1 must examine you.

- 1 have a bad headache and a running nose.

- What must I do to become healthy again? -1 want to check your BP.

- What do you complain of? -1 see, you have a flu.

- Good-bye!

- Oh, your temperature is high.

- Here is a sick-list for you.

- How must I take the medicine?

- I'll listen to your heart and lungs.

- Come to me in three days if you feel better.

- I'll prescribe you some medicine.

- First I feel your pulse.

- What is my BP?

- Take it daily.

- You BP is 140 over 80.

- You must stay in bed for a couple of days.

- When should I come to you?

- Good-bye!

 

 

A minute for a joke

Doctor (ecstatically): Sir, yours is a case which will enrich medical science!

Patient: Oh, dear, and 1 thought ≥ wouldn't have to pay more than five or ten dollars.

2. Complete the sentences with proper words.

a) suffers b) tired c) a temperature d) care e) the danger

1. She was running

2. The person_____ from insomnia during the disease.

3. The patient looks

4. _______ is over.

5. Take_____ of your health.

V. What questions would you ask to obtain the following information?

1. Role of vitamins in our life

2. Influence of vitamins on human health

3. Solubility and storage of vitamins

4. Food sources of vitamins

5. Factors that interfere with the absorption or use of vitamins

6. Recommended diets

7. Avitaminosis and hypervitaminosis

8. Deficiency diseases

VI. Speaking

1. How often have you had such diseases as cold, fever, and chicken-pox?

2. Do you remember the symptoms of cold and fever?

3.What happens in your body when you are ill?

4.What is vitamin?

5.Why do people need vitamins?

6.1s there any difference between water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins? Name them. 7. How are vitamins synthesized?

8.Where can vitamins be found?

9.Which vitamins are necessary for:

- healthy nervous system?

- healthy immune system?

- healthy skin, bones, vision?

- healthy pregnancy?

10. What influences the absorption or use of vitamins?
11. How do we understand 'deficiency diseases'?

12. What diet is thought to be healthy?

VII. Read the text

TEN RULES OF GOOD HEALTH

Eat a Nutritious Diet...

The food you eat its quality and amount provide the fuel for your body. Each of your 75 trillion cells depends on you to feed them. Most people understand that their car requires a particular type of fuel. Do you understand that your body does, too? In order to ensure adequate nutrition, practice the following:

Eat as much food in the unrefined state as possible

Include at least five servings of vegetables and'or fruits each day.

Whole grains are preferable to refined ones; fresh produce is preferable to canned or processed.

Have deep fried food, sugar-sweetened food, and alcohol, rarely, if at all. Eat according 10 your Body Energy Type. Drink Pure Water...

The body is 60% water and requires a replenishment of 6-8 glasses per day of water. Make sure that the water you drink is uncontaminated by heavy metals, chemicals and micro-organisms. Many water supplies, including municipal water supplies, are not pure enough to ensure good health. If you drink tap or well water, have it tested for purity. If you do not know the quality of your tap water, buy purified water or purchase a good water purifier for home use. Drink 48-64 ounces per day of this pure water, either as water or herb tea. (Caffeinated beverages, bottled or canned fruit juice, soda pop and alcohol should not be counted as part of your water intake. They do not have the same solvent properties as pure water). Breathe...

Air provides life-giving oxygen. Like water, the body cannot survive without taking in oxygen. Here are some ways to get more advantage from each breath you take.

Exercise out-of-doors as much as possible, especially in nature. Parks, the sea shore or even local grassy areas provide benefit. Remember, green plants purify the air and give us back more oxygen.

If you live in a city where the air quality is compromised (most people do!), have green plants indoors at home and at work as much as possible. Houseplants help purify indoor air.

Practice deep breathing exercises. Many people are oxygen-deprived because they do not breathe deeply.

Try to live in a place where the air quality is good. Many big cities have notoriously poor air quality. Consider a home air purifier if you live in a particularly bad area. Sunshine:

Ten minutes of sunlight per day, even if only on exposed arms, is enough to encourage normal vitamin D production. Sunlight has mood-elevating effects. It destroys harmful bacteria and stimulates a cascade of positive hormone effects in the body. While excessive sun exposure can be harmful, so can inadequate exposure. Outdoor exercise will give the necessary sunlight without excess. Make it a point to get a modest amount of sunlight each day, whether by outdoor exercise or ten minutes of sunbathing.

Exercise:

The human body is designed for movement. Aerobic activity encourages norma! circulation of blood and lymph. Heart and structural muscles are strengthened by exercise. Hormone production and utilization is improved by regular exercise. The bowels depend on physical movement tor inction ncmally. Metabolism rnd immuiv: system a tivity are icreased' у modera; exercise.

Bones require weight-bearing exercise for normal mineral uptake. Movement keeps joints and connective tissue flexible. Exercise encourages deep breathing and increases oxygen utilization and waste exhalation. For cardiovascular and musculo-skclctal conditioning, aim for a minimum of 15 minutes of brisk walking. 5 days per week, or 30 minutes 3 times per week. Gradually increase speed or distance as physical conditioning improves. For a metabolism boost, a mere 10 minutes each morning of intensive exercise (Exercising to the point where you are breathing hard enough that you could talk if you had to, but you wouldn't want to) will put your metabolism and fat- burning into high gear for the day.

Sleep:

Most people require seven to eight hours of sleep per night. (Some older people may have a decreased sleep requirement). Studies have shown that people perform better with adequate sleep, yet many people are consistently sleep-deprived. Make it a point to get adequate sleep. Sleep deprivation results in hormonal imbalances which can lead to weight gain and many other problems.

Avoid negative health behaviors. It may seem obvious, but one of the easy ways to be healthier is to not engage in unhealthy behaviors. Nicotine, excesses of alcohol and caffeine, and many drugs damage health. Smoking is such a health-destroying habit that I have listed it separately. Other health-destroying habits include excessive stress response, multiple sex partners or unprotected sex with infected partners, and failure to wear a seat belt.

Maintain a positive outlook. Everybody has problems in life. Most problems we invite or create ourselves. Other problems are just what life deals us. We choose how we will respond to any given situation. You can respond with positivity or negativity. Studies have shown negative health effects from negative mental outlooks. Its bad enough to have a problem; don't make it worse b;.iegative mental outlook. Cultivate the habit of positivity. Make the best of every situation

Strive to elevate yourself physically, mentally, and spiritually. We get what we aim for. Weight lifters grow stronger by lifting weights. Piano players get better by playing the piano. If you want to be healthier, happier, and of greater service, you must seek to move in that direction. Those who say "I can't" will find they cant. Those who say "it's so hard" will find it hard. You have a wealth of talent and possibility within you. Act like you know it. Make repeated attempts to use that talent to the best of your abilities, and you will find yourself becoming stronger, happier, and healthier.

Trust in a Higher Power. What do you believe about the bigger picture of your life? Do you understand that you are more than just flesh and bone? Seek and cultivate your connection with a Higher Power. I recommend my video "Remembering Who You Are" to stimulate your understanding in this regard.






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