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Ask your friend direct or indirect questions on the text




Fill the gaps with prepositions.

a) They are also taught how... handle agricultural machines, b) A well-balanced plan... the humanities and... polytechnic education will enable young people... make a correct choice... a career, c) It gives him or her proficiency... a trade or profession, d) Practice work... plots... land is included... the general syllabus... all rural schools, e)... the age of 1516, all young people should engage... socially useful labour... their powers and all their further education should be associated... productive labour... the national economy.

Text 2

Render the text in Ukrainian.

THE SYSTEM OF EDUCATION IN THE USA

In the United States the education system differs from state to state. In each school the principal, i.e. the headmaster, draws up curriculum for each grade. There are many different kinds of schooling: public schools, private schools, parochial schools, schools specializing in the arts, literature or science, etc. All American children aged 6 to 18 years (or 16 in some states) get free compulsory education. The most common system of education comprises: nursery school from 3 to 4 years; kindergarten (46 years); elementary school (612 years; 1st6th grades); junior high school (12 15 years; 7th9th grades); senior high school (1518 years; 10th 12th grades).

In public schools the curriculum varies in each state, for instance the subjects New York State requires in the 7th and 8th grades are: English; social studies (history, geography, economics); science; maths; technical education; home and career skills; art and music; library skills; physical education (three times a week); health; foreign language. A typical school day starts at 8.30 or 9.00 a.m. and ends at about 3.30 p.m. In many schools a day still begins with a salute to the American flag. Lessons are normally held five days a week, from Monday to Friday.

In most American schools television is widely used in teaching and there are television channels which offer a wide range of new educational shows. They are free, most do not have commercials and some provide teachers' guides. The American magazine Newsweek has called a television set "the second blackboard" and "the teaching tube". Many states are encouraging the use of television in class. Some, like Virginia and South Carolina, produce their instructional shows and deliver them via satellite.

2. Summarize what you've learnt about the American system of education.

Continue the sentences from the text.

a) The typical school day starts... b) Lessons are... c) In the United States education... d) In Public Schools the curriculum... e) In most American schools... f) The most common system of education... g) In most American schools television... h) All American children receive...

Comment the following quotations.

٧ Experience is the best teacher.

٧ One is never too old to learn.

٧ The roots of education are hitter, but the fruit is sweet. (Aristotle)

٧ Experience is the mother of wisdom.

٧ Future is purchased by the present. (Samuel Johnson)


IV :

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IV : .

Diseases

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I. Active vocabulary.

a germ ; a disease ; bacteria ; virus ; a cell ; a living organism ; an antibody ; a microscope ; to cause ; to fight germs - ; warmth ; food ; to protect = to defend ; a body , ; to enter ; a chemical ; blood .  

II. Lead in. Work with the text.

1. ³ .

1. Give reasons for becoming sick. How may some diseases be spread?

2. What diseases have you had?

3. How does your body protect you from diseases?





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