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Read and translate the following into Ukrainian using a dictionary if necessary




Stages of education: compulsory, primary, secondary, further, professional, higher.

Curriculum: academic course, board curriculum, common curriculum, to be encouraged to do smth, to have a set of periods, practical classes, full-time and part time student, finals, to observe a lesson, to hold exams, main subject.

Types of schools: primary, preparatory, secondary, vocational, technical, private (independent), public, nursery, infant, junior, grammar, secondary modern, single-sex, mixed, state, comprehensive.

Examinations: to sit for exam, grades, scholarship level, to pass an exam, to land the papers out, examining board, to fall behind, to keep up with the group.

Make sure you know the meaning of the following words.

Education Ч systematic training and instruction; knowledge that you have gained through systematic study;

Training Ч the process of learning the skills you need for a particular job or activity;

Qualification Ч an official record of achievements that you get when you have completed a course of training or passed an exam;

Ability Ч the quality or skill that you have; general level of intelligence or the level of skill in doing a particular thing.

4. Fill in the missing words {education, educated, educational, educate).

a) Many more schools are needed to ЕЕЕ the young, b) I think this government's policy on ЕЕЕ is a disaster, c) He was ЕЕЕ at Eton, d) The villagers respected me because I was an ЕЕЕ man. e) He was sent home as being impossible to ЕЕЕ f) He had paid out good money to ЕЕЕ Julie at a boarding school in Yorkshire, g) Only a small proportion of our children stay in full-time ЕЕЕ after the age of 16. h) ЕЕЕ should be a preparation for life. i) Wealth and ЕЕЕ seem to be what you need to be successful in life. j) Does she have enough ЕЕЕ to cope with this job? k) National wealth depends to a high degree on country's ЕЕЕ standards. I) No country can afford to neglect ЕЕЕ

Put the following words into the appropriate columns.

Freshman; essay; homework; college; elementary school; senior; student; notes; university.

A Place for Learning A Person Who Studies Smth Produced by a Student
     
     
     

 

6. Match the words/word combinations and their translations.

optional courses (electives) student group advisor class schedule exam week (final, midterm) upper division course (specialized) course program no credit term (research) paper department period core class state exams (certification exams) student monitor teacher consultation (office hours) graded credit (unit)

робоча програма

≥ндив≥дуальний план

в≥дд≥ленн€

староста

курсова робота

куратор

практичне зан€тт€

спецкурс

факультатив

державний екзамен

пара

сес≥€

консультац≥€

зараховано

не зараховано

 

II. Reading.

Read the text.

EDUCATION IN GREAT BRITAIN

In England and Wales compulsory school begins at the age of five, but before at age children can go to a nursery school, also called play school. School is compulsory till children are 16 years old. There are two systems of state school, depending on the county:

System A:Primary School from 5 to 11; Secondary School from 11 to 16/18. Primary school is usually divided into two sections: infant school (ages 5Ч7) and junior school (ages 7Ч11).

 

System B:First School from 5 to 8; Middle School from 8 to 13; Secondary School from 13 to 16Ч18.

In Primary School and First School children learn to read and write and the basics of arithmetic. In the higher classes of Primary School (or in Middle School) children learn geography, history, religion and, in some schools, also a foreign language. Physical education is usually done twice a week. Outside the normal time-table there are many activities in which students may take part: sports, drama, table tennis and so on. Secondary Schools can be divided into: Grammar, Secondary Modern and Comprehensive, according to the system adopted by the local education authority. The majority attend comprehensives which incorporate all schoolchildren into one scheme. The children are, therefore, of mixed abilities and may come from a wide variety of social backgrounds.

Some critics of this system argue that bright academic, children suffer and that average standards are low. When students are 16 years old, they may take an exam in various subjects in order to have a qualification. These qualifications can be either G.C.S.E. (General Certificate of Secondary Education) or "0 level" (Ordinary level). Students can choose any number of subjects in their curriculum; some may take six or seven G.C.S.E.s, some only two. After sitting their "0 levels" or G.C.S.E.s students can either leave school and start working or continue their studies in the same school as before. If they continue, when they are eighteen, they have to take further examinations, called "A levels" (Advanced or Academic levels), normally two or three, which are necessary for getting into university or college.

Some parents choose independent schools for their children. These are very expensive but considered to provide a better education and good job opportunities. The stages of education in independent schools are called in a different way: children from 5 to 8 attend a preparatory school; between the ages of 8 and 13 they go to a preparatory (or prep) school; from 13 to 18 they attend a public school, but only if they pass an examination called "Common Entrance". The oldest and most exclusive Public Schools are Eton College, founded in 1440, Harrow, founded in 1571, and Rugby, founded in 1567.

 

III. Post-reading activities.

1. Complete the sentences.

1. Secondary Schools can be divided into...

2. The oldest and most exclusive Public Schools are...

3. When students are 16 years old, they may...

4. In Primary School and First School children learn...

5. Outside the normal time-table there are many...

6. After sitting their "0 levels" or G.C.S.E.s students can...

7. Independent schools are very expensive but...

8. School is compulsory till...

2. Complete the table.

Age School Education
     
     

 

3. Answer the questions.

a. How many languages do pupils learn? Which are they?

b. What practical subjects do pupils have?

c. Which subject do they study more, history or geography?

d. In what academic subjects do you have labs and practices?

e. How many labs do you have this term?

f. Which are the most interesting lectures this term?

g. In what subjects do you have seminars?

h. Do you take an active part in seminars discussions?

i. How often do you make reports at seminars?
j. How many exams do you take every examination period?
k. What's the difference between a test and an exam?

1. In what specific subjects are you given quizzes?

m. What does a student's final grade depend on?

4. Read the following sentences inserting prepositions or adverbs whenever necessary.

1. I was to sit... the exam weeks' time. 2.... the dreaded mathematics, I was quite confident that I could pull it... this first time. 3.1 made a few vague stabs... the geometry questions and took an effort... the algebra but there was no point... my even trying to tackle the arithmetic. 4. So it happened that my Latin teacher was the supervisor of the candidates... that Saturday morning, which meant that it was he who would hand... the questions... the start, collect the answers... the end and...between, wander... the rows of desks. 5. It was clearly understood... us that if anything went wrong, Archie would merely say that he had thrown... his first translation and if somebody picked it... it was none... his business. 6. It all went beautifully according... plan. 7. All... the country overworked examiners have been correcting several thousand papers sent, Е Еthis year's School Certificate examinations. 8. Schools are judged... the boys who represent them. 9. I decided to get... this now useless and unprofitable period as quickly as possible.

5. Speak about the experience in your field of work. Use some of the suggested words and word combinations.

To know (to speak, to judge) from experience; a man of (no) experience; to take over a job from smb; to house; housing facilities; to collect information (data, material); to make every effort; at any point; to point out; to complete work (a task, a project); completely convinced (satisfied); to gain confidence after all; all in all.

 

6. Rewrite the following affirmative sentences as negative ones. The new title of the text will be Ted IsnТt a Student.

TED IS A STUDENT

Ted's teachers enjoy having him in class. He comes to class on time. He listens attentively to the instructor. He wants to learn. He passes all the tests. His work habits evidence his sincerity. He reads the assignments. He completes his homework every night. Ted listens to the laboratory tapes. He does extra work. He learns English rapidly. Other students emulate his example. Ted speaks only English on campus.

7. Write English translations of the following words and word combinations.

ѕедагог≥чна осв≥та, вивченн€ основного предмету, випускник, студент ден≠ного в≥дд≥ленн€, студенти молодших (старших) курс≥в, лектор, практичне за≠н€тт€, факультативний, в≥дв≥дувати зан€тт€, проводити ≥спити, випускн≥ ≥спити.

8. Insert prepositions where necessary. Practice reading the text.

Let me introduce myself you. I'm Pete. I study foreign languages the teachers' training college Kyiv. This is my first semester the college, and I'm my first year studies. We study English a very good teacher. Our classes start 8.30 the morning. We have two or three classes English, a lecture or a seminar a day. Yesterday we had a lecture Linguistics, a seminar Psychology and a class English Grammar. the end this semester we'll take our exam in English. If I pass it and get a good mark, I'll be very happy. our English classes we do a lot work: we read texts aloud to practice our pronunciation, listen the tapes and repeat the speaker, make dialogues and dramatize them, learn poems heart, write new words and expressions, translate English Ukrainian and English.__________ our classes Grammar we listen the teacher (the instructor) who explains us new grammar rules, retell stories, both orally and writing and put questions the text. Sometimes we make dialogues this or that conversational topic. Every two weeks we write tests, and them we are to do error correction.

Now let me tell you a few words my groupmates. general, they are rather good English, because they all work hard their grammar and pronunciation. Lena is quite home grammar, she speaks English so fluently, that she is taken an English girl. The point is that she works the language day and night. She wants to have a good command

the language. As for Lucy, she often misses classes English conversation, that's why she is

very poor grammar. And pronunciation comes difficult her, as she doesn't attend the sound lab. As a result, she has far too many mistake's her dictations and tests and now she is lagging the group, I'm afraid it'll take Lucy a lot of time to catch the group. It's really no good when some students work fits and starts.

As my progress English, I can't say I'm very strong phonetics, but the whole English comes easy me. My favorite subject is Grammar, and I can pore books hours.

the way, Grammar is very popular our students, though it may seem strange you. Many

them have already made good progress spoken English, and I'm sure they won't fail the exams.

If you have any problems your studies, be it spelling or pronunciation, grammar or vocabulary, just try to read books the original, it is one the ways mastering and bettering a language. If you want to get a good knowledge English, you should moveheaven and earth (try your best).





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