Они обязательно (непременно) придут.


Exercise 27. Point out subjective predicative constructions with the infinitive in the following sentences. Translate the sentences into Russian.

1. But I don't happen to know anything.

2. You would never be likely to fall in love with me.

3. It doesn't seem to do her any harm.

4. We are working now and we are sure to pay you Saturday.

5. I was not sure how a reporter was supposed to behave on occasions like this.

6. She happens to be your daughter.

7. He thinks she's a secretary, but she turns out to be a writer.

8. A motor containing two foreigners is quite likely to have been noticed.

9. We have not been required to undertake any work.

10. I don't happen to see any difference.

Exercise 28. Paraphrase:

Student A: Student B:


1. It is known that these things are liable to duty.

2. It is reported that yesterday's hockey match ended in a draw.

3. It is expected that the young figure dancer will win the gold medal.

4. It is said that all the hotels are full.

5. It is said that he's been very busy lately.

6. It is certain that their team will win the game.

7. It is unlikely that they have already passed through the customs.

8. It is likely that John Brown will join a professional team.

9. It is unlikely that he will give up figure skating.

10. It is certain that the play will be popular with young people.


Student A: Student B:


1. It appears they've grown tired of waiting.

2. It seems that he's a brilliant actor.

3. It appears that they're losing the game.

4. It turned out that he was a very good doctor.

5. It seems that he is not in the habit of coming in time.

6. They say that he is honest.

7. It appeared that he had done it well.

8. The man had read his papers, it seemed.

9. It is believed that his advice was ignored.

10. It appeared that Betty was delighted.

Exercise 29. Make the sentences passive.

Student A:


Student B:

1. Everybody heard her say that.

2. The neighbour noticed the burglar get into the house.

3. The policeman saw the car disappear in the tunnel.

4. The public made the poet read some more of his poetry.

5. Don't worry. We'll let you go to the match.

6. They consider him to be an expert in his sphere.

7. Everybody knows that this theatre was built by a famous architect.

8. They suspect that the teenager helped them.

9. We expect that they have learnt the truth.

10. It was announced that the pop-group had arrived.

Exercise 30. Paraphrase the following using subjective predicative constructions with the infinitive.

Student A: Student B:


1. She is busy today (to seem).

2. The situation has changed a lot (to appear).

3. The Crimea was visited by numerous hikers last summer (to know).

4. He didn't have any money with him (to happen).

5. This path is used quite often nowadays (to appear).

6. Nobody knew the way, so I had to return (to happen).

7. His plan is rather unrealistic (to appear).

8. She wasn't properly dressed (to happen).

9. Ann would never speak to me again (unlikely).

10. He was in high spirits when he got out of the train (to seem).

Exercise 31. Complete the following so as to use subjective predicative constructions with the infinitive.

Student A:




1. The girl seems...

2. The weather appears...

3. You are supposed...

4. Our friends are sure...

5. Everything seems...

6. Somebody was supposed...

7. Everything that morning seemed...

8. Several thousand people are expected...

9. Your home during the last few years seems...

10. I am forced...

Exercise 32. Translate into English using predicative constructions with the infinitive.

1. Этот дом, вероятно, будет построен в следующем месяце.

2. Предполагается, что на собрании выступит декан факультета.

3. Ее, кажется, очень хорошо обучили английскому языку.

4. Известно, что футбол — наиболее популярный вид спорта в Англии.

5. Вряд ли его спросят об этом.

6. Она, наверное, напишет ему письмо.

7. Этот роман, кажется, переведен с француз­ского.

8. Маловероятно, что они смогут достать билеты на этот спектакль.

9. Вряд ли они знают мой адрес. Что заставляет вас думать, что они его знают?

10. Известно, что когда-то Британские острова были частью материка Европы.

11. Говорят, что они работают на Крайнем Севере с 1970 года.

12. Кажется, он очень пополнел за последнее время.

13. Считали, что она прекрасно играет в теннис.

14. Было известно, что он принимал участие в этой экспедиции.

15. Вряд ли игра закончится вничью.

16. Она оказалась хорошим преподавателем.

17. Я уверена, что вам понравится этот спектакль.

18. Новая картина молодого художника оказалась интересной.

19. Похоже на то, что она приняла его предложение.

20. Как оказалось, вечер прошел успешно.

Exercise 33. Read the following dialogue and point out pre­dicative constructions with the infinitive in it. Make up your own dialogues using predicative constructions with the infinitive.

Nora: Robert, I’d like you to do something for me.

Robert: Oh, what is it, Mum?

Nora: I want you to make up the stove for my bath.

Robert: But I'm busy. I’m doing my homework.

Nora: Do you think I haven't got any work to do? Look at all these clothes I've got to iron.

Robert: Yes, but do you expect me to stop in the middle of what I'm writing?

Nora: I can't make you help me if you don't want to; but I've seldom known you take so much interest in your homework. I only asked you to help me for a minute. I don't like my boys to be disagreeable.

Harry: Robert, do I understand you to say you refuse to help your mother? You oughtn’t to even to wait for her to ask you. I've been watching you "do your work", as you call it. Looking out of the window half the time! Let me tell you, young man, you need some real work to do. Never mind, Nora, let me help you.

Nora: Thank you, Harry. I'd just like the stove to be made up for me to have a bath. I haven't got used to this kind of stove yet — you understand it better.

Harry: Oh yes. I'll soon get the water to boil. Where's the coal?... There, my boy, that didn't take me long to do, did it?

Robert: No, Dad, but I advise you to have another look inside the stove before you sit down again, I think the fire was out.

Harry: Good heavens, so it was! Well, you're jolly well going to relight it, Robert. I refuse to.

Exercise 34. Translate into English.

1. Говорят, что он лучший доктор в нашем городе.

2. Видели, как он перевернул страницу и начал читать.

3. Слышали, что он вскоре поднялся наверх.

4. Вам разрешат идти вместе со мной?

5. Джейн, кажется, изъявила желание помочь им.

6. Многие из пассажиров, по-видимому, были туристами.

7. Они сказали, что подобное вряд ли случается дважды.

8. По-видимому, он собирается стать врачом.

9. Детям не разрешалось трогать кроликов.

10. Оказалось, что я его хорошо знаю.

11. С того времени вы, кажется, очень сильно изменились.

12. Слышали, как хлопнула входная дверь.

13. Предполагалось, что мы встретимся в шесть часов около школы.

14. Казалось, что они уже совсем его забыли.

15. Видели, как сверкнули его глаза, но он ничего не сказал.

16. Я, кажется, хорошо знаю вас.

17. Очень вероятно, что они будут благодарить меня за эту помощь.

18. Кажется, вы много знаете об этом городе.

19. Слышали, как открылась дверь, и кто-то вошел в комнату.

20. Случилось так, что меня не было дома, когда он звонил.


D. The Gerund


Герундий, как и инфинитив, - неличная форма глагола. В русском языке нет соответствующей глагольной формы. Герундий обладает как свойствами существительного, так и глагола.

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