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Match the words with their definitions




1. anesthetics a. mild purgative (promoting defecation)
2. antacids b. drugs producing the loss of sensation like cocaine, lidocaine
3. antibiotic c. central nervous system depressants causing sleep
4. sedatives d. drugs relieving loose bowel movements, like atropine
5. antidiarrheals e. drags decreasing function
6. antinauseants f. drugs relieving constipation
7. depressants g. drags inhibiting the growth of bacteria
8. barbiturates h. drags relieving nausea and vomiting
9. purgatives i. drugs neutralizing acids in the stomach
10. laxatives j. drags used to induce sleep, sedation

12. Complete each sentence with a type of medicine.

a painkiller, a sedative, an anti-inflammatory, an inoculation, an antibiotic, an antihistamine, a stimulant, an antidepressant, a laxative, a supplement

1.... kills bacteria and other microorganisms.

2.... protects you against infectious diseases.

3.... relieves pain.

4.... reduces swelling.

5.... encourages bowel movement.

6.... provides a substance that the body lacks.

7.... treats allergies.

8.... increases activity in the body.

9.... reduces feelings of extreme sadness.

10.... makes you relaxed and sleepy.

IV. Speaking.

1. Fill in the missing words where necessary. Then, use the information to give advice to a person who is going to the country with children to have a rest and wants to take a first aid kit.

Things to have in your child medicine cabinet

A box... sterile gauze. Two rolls... sterile bandage. A roll... adhesive plaster... 1 inch wide. You can make narrower strips... cutting the end... scissors and tearing.

Ask your doctor to recommend... antiseptic. A package... bicarbonate... soda. A tube... petroleum... jelly. A bottle... aspirin tablets... babies. A bottle... syrup... ipecac... cease vomiting... a case... serious poisoning.

A thermometer... children. A hot-water... bottle.

 

2. a) Complete the chart with the information of the previous text.

b) What things would you recommend to add?

c) Make the same chart for adults.

Child Medicine Cabinet

Drugs Equipment Others
     

3. Answer the following questions.

1. How many chemist's shops must be there in a capital, in a city, in a small town? Explain your point of view. What place must they be situated in?

2. What kinds of chemist's shops must be prevalent in a city: municipal, private or some other?

3. Should all the drugs be free? How much should an average drug cost? In what way can the problem of expensive drugs be solved?

4. Should drugs be sold without a prescription or should all drugs be sold by prescription only? Where is the borderline between necessary rules and stupid instructions?

5. What are the home rules of drug keeping? What rules would you recommend to people with small children?

6. Why will a doctor prescribe dangerous drug that will cause harm (some disorders, abortion, fetus disorders)?

4. Give as much information as you can about:

- the institutions of pharmacy;

- the labels of medicines;

- patient s warnings;

- filling completed prescriptions;

- therapeutic indices of medicines.

V. Vocabulary.

1. Read the words and their definitions, use them in your own examples.

to deliver to carry something to a certain place;

e.g. Medicines are delivered every day (the delivery of medicines);

to dispense to prepare and distribute medicines;

to supply to furnish with something that is needed;

to rub to spread with pressure, especially in order to be absorbed;

to be in charge of to be in command of something, responsible for something;

e.g. I'm in charge of your group;

glassware glass objects (bottles, tubes);

cabinet a piece of furniture with shelf and doors used for storing things;

herb any of several kinds of plants which are used in medicine and cookery;

personnel all the people employed by a company;

e.g. The company needs new personnel;

label a piece of paper fixed to something used to identify it;

separately existing or considered independently, individually.

2. Read the definitions of synonyms, discuss them.

chemists Dispensary a place where medicines are dispensed, esp. in a hospital or a school.
Pharmacy (chemist's) a shop or a part of a shop where medicines and medical goods are sold.
Drugstore (AmE) a pharmacy, esp. one which sells not only medicines, beauty products, films, etc., but also simple meals.
pharmacist Chemista person who owns or runs a chemist's shop.
Druggist (pharmacist) a person skilled in preparing medicines.
Apothecary (obsolete) a person with a knowledge of chemistry who mixed and sold drugs.
drug Drug medicine or material used for making medicines.
Medicine a substance used for treating diseases, esp. a liquid which is drunk: a bottle ofmedicine.
Medication (AmE) a medical substance.

 

VI. Reading.





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