.


:




:

































 

 

 

 


3 -




, , . . ( ) PO43-- . г PO43- - 䳺 .

 

H3PO4 + 12(NH4)2MO4 + 21HNO3 → (NH4)3[H4(P(M2O7)6] + 21NH4 NO3 + 10H2O

 

4 ó () ()

) 4-5 () , ()

³ , .

г () :

SbCl3 + 2H2O ↔ Sb(OH)2Cl↓ + 2Hl↓

Sb(OH)2l↓ → H2O + SbOl()

+Hl

+H2O

Sb3+ + l- + H2O ↔ SbOl + H+

 

() , () . + , 2 . г SbCl3 .

 

 

) 4-5 () 10 . () .

 

:

) () ;

) , BiONO3.

________________________________________

 

 

1 .

2 , .

3 , 䳿 34 . , .

4 .

5 :

2534 → Na34 → Na24 → Na24343(4)2

 

9

: :

CO2, 23, Ҳ»

: CO2, .

: ʳ, , , , , , Pb(NO3)2, CuSO4, Bal2, Cal2, CaCO3, NaHCO3.

 

 

1 (IV)

HCl ʳ. (IV) , . ³ . 2? .

 

CaCO3 + HCl → ______________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

 

(IV) .

 

 

2

2. ³ , . :

 

Ca(OH)2 + CO2 → _________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

CaCO3 + CO2 + H2O → ____________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________

 

2. (IV) , 2 3, .

 

3

2 :

) ;

) .

³ , . :

Ca(HCO3)2 → _____________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

Ca(HCO3)2 + Ca (OH)2 → ___________________________________

_________

 

?

 

 

4

: ) Pb(NO3)2; ) CuSO4; ) Bal2;

) Cal2.

³ - , :

 

Na2CO3 + Pb(NO3)2 → _____________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________

Na2CO3 + CuSO4 → _______________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________

Na2CO3 + BaCl2 → _________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________

Na2CO3 + CaCl2 → ___________________________________________

____________

 

 





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