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Назначение, устройство и порядок оборудования открытого сооружения для наблюдения на КНП командира МСВ


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Задания для контрольной работы №2



Вариант 1

1. Прочтите текст, выписывая незнакомые слова с переводом:

Eating out in Moscow

Some years ago it was rather difficult to find a place for eating in Moscow. There were few canteens, cafes and restaurants where people could have lunch, dinner or a snack. But Moscow has changed. Now­adays there are a lot of different places here where we can eat decent food at reasonable price and take someone for lunch on business.

If you want to eat on the run, you should go to a fast-food restaurant: McDonalds, "Russian Bistro" or Pizza Hut. They are very popular now. The first Russian-Canadian restaurant McDonalds was opened in 1990. Nowadays there are a lot of them in our city and everyone has experienced the dishes there. The service is quick: you enter the restaurant, come up to the counter, make your choice, pay the money, take the tray with your dishes and occupy any vacant table. The menu card offers you single or double hamburgers, cheeseburgers, fillet of fish, fried crisp potatoes. For a drink, you can order cooling beverages — "Coca-Cola, "Fanta", "Sprite", tea or coffee.

If you are in a hurry, you can have a snack in a bar. There are many kinds of bars in Moscow: snack bars, express bars, milk bars, beer bars. Besides, if you are hungry but have too little time for eating, you can take a quick bite in a cafe "Russian Bistro' or "Russian Bliny".

2. Найдите в тексте английские эквиваленты русским словам и выражениям:

Несколько лет назад, довольно сложно, Москва изменилась, по приемлемым ценам, поесть на бегу, обслуживание быстрое, если ты спешишь.

3. Письменно ответьте на вопрос:

What does the menu card offer you in McDonalds’?

4. Найдите в тексте предложения с конструкцией there is/are, выпишите и переведите на русский язык.

5. Найдите в тексте выражения с предлогами, выпишите их и переведите на русский язык.

6. Объясните письменно, почему перед существительными coffee, tea не употреблен артикль.

7. Выпишите из текста предложения, содержащие модальные глаголы, переведите их на русский язык.

8. Переведите письменно текст на русский язык.

 

Вариант 2

1. Прочтите текст, выписывая незнакомые слова с переводом:

How Do the Americans Eat?

There are various ethnic food, health food, fast food and traditional home-cooked food in the USA. Many years the American people liked traditional big breakfast and diet of meat and potatoes. Usually they eat three times a day. For breakfast they have first juice, particularly orange one, then different kinds of cereal, tea or coffee.

Lunch is a quick meal for the most Americans. For lunch they have fast food: pizza, potato chips, McDonalds's food, sandwiches, hot dogs, hot corn, any kind of sweet gas water, fruit and salads. There are many fast-food restaurants all over the country where people can have lunch during their short lunch break.

For dinner they always have salad with different kinds of vegetables mixed with croutons and dressing. After salad they like to eat fried chicken, steaks, ribs, beef, fish, baked, fried and mashed potatoes.

In common the Americans eat much, particularly at weekends. They go outside and very popular food is barbecue and food in cans. They also eat hot dogs, hot corn and less bread.

60 per cent of the Americans (children and adults) are overweight. And nowadays the American people begin to think seriously about their physical wellbeing. So health food becomes more popular. It doesn't contain chemicals and preservatives. Health food must be fresh and natural. People should eat a well-balanced diet daily.

2. Найдите в тексте английские эквиваленты русским словам и выражениям:

Здоровая пища, домашняя еда, различные виды крупы, по всей стране, в общем, особенно, химикаты и консерванты.

3. Письменно ответьте на вопрос:

What do Americans eat for lunch?

4. Найдите в тексте предложения с конструкцией there is/are, выпишите и переведите на русский язык.

5. Найдите в тексте выражения с предлогами, выпишите их и переведите их на русский язык.

6. Объясните письменно, почему перед существительными cereal, meat не употреблен артикль.

7. Выпишите из текста предложения, содержащие модальные глаголы, переведите их на русский язык.

8. Переведите письменно текст на русский язык.

 

Вариант 3

1. Прочтите текст, выписывая незнакомые слова с переводом:

What do the English eat?

Daily diet depends (probably as everywhere) on taste, income and pattern of everyday life. For breakfast, someone can drink a cup of tea or coffee and eat a piece of toast and marmalade. But at weekends, when there is more time, they might on Saturday or Sunday have the "Great British Breakfast". This consists of fried bacon, eggs, tomatoes, mushrooms, sausage, baked beans and fried bread.

At weekends, I may have scrambled eggs on toast, with grilled bacon, coffee. Lunch for me would be a sandwich with brown, whole meal bread, a banana, occasionally soup and/or fruit juice - most people eat their main meal in the evenings, because of work, and for preference. Traditional English food is fish and chips with peas, steak and kidney pie, sausage and mashed potatoes but people also eat Indian or Chinese food, pasta with a meat or vegetable sauce.

As for eating out — income determines this. As I am on pension, it is usually Indian or Chinese, and there is a cheap Polish restaurant near my place, I may go there once a month. In a restaurant you have to pay 100-150 $.

2. Найдите в тексте английские эквиваленты русским словам и выражениям:

Ежедневная диета зависит от, состоит из, грибы, большинство людей, основное блюдо, предпочтение, доход определяет, платить.

3. Письменно ответьте на вопрос:

What is traditional English food?

4. Найдите в тексте предложения с конструкцией there is/are, выпишите и переведите на русский язык.

5. Найдите в тексте выражения с предлогами, выпишите их и переведите их на русский язык.

6. Объясните письменно, почему перед существительными juice, meat не употреблен артикль.

7. Выпишите из текста предложения, содержащие модальные глаголы, переведите их на русский язык.

8. Переведите письменно текст на русский язык.

 

Вариант 4

1. Прочтите текст, выписывая незнакомые слова с переводом:

British Cuisine

There is no cuisine in the world about which there are as many jokes as there are about British cooking. Particularly the French are great in making jokes about British cuisine. For example, according to one French comic, hell is a place where the cooks are British.

Or do you know why the British serve mint sauce with lamb? Ac­cording to French food critics, mint must be the only plant not eaten by sheep.

Of course, these all are exaggerations. The British bear them with their superior sense of humour.

British cuisine cannot present so many internationally renowned dishes as French cuisine does. But British cuisine has contributed a lot to the world's steak culture, and there are a number of inventions in British cuisine which are even adopted by the French — as for example the creation of sandwiches.

It's a character trait of the British not to be proud of their cuisine too much. In case of their foods and drinks, the British learnt a lot from the colonies conquered by the beefeaters ail around the world. From East Asia (China) they adopted tea (and reexported the habit to India), and from India they adopted curry-style spicing.

However, they didn't just copy these food and drink habits but com­bined them with their own foodstuffs: tea with milk and curry with pastry (to make curried pies).

2. Найдите в тексте английские эквиваленты русским словам и выражениям:

Согласно французскому комику, мятный соус, преувеличение, чувство юмора, известные блюда, создание сэндвичей, изобретения.

3. Письменно ответьте на вопрос:

What is a character trait of the British?

4. Найдите в тексте предложения с конструкцией there is/are, выпишите и переведите на русский язык.

5. Найдите в тексте выражения с предлогами, выпишите их и переведите их на русский язык.

6. Объясните письменно, почему перед существительными tea, milk не употреблен артикль.

7. Выпишите из текста предложения, содержащие модальные глаголы, переведите их на русский язык.

8. Переведите письменно текст на русский язык.

 

Вариант 5

1. Прочтите текст, выписывая незнакомые слова с переводом:

English Dinner

English dinners are not so different from those anywhere else but there are a few things worth mentioning. The English often warm the plates. Be careful not to burn yourself when you touch them.

The food is often served up onto the individual plates by the hostess. If you are given more food than you can eat, you must tell your hostess about it. She will take some of it away before you have touched it. This is what you can say: "Oh, it looks delicious, but I'm afraid it (really) is too much for me! I don't think I can manage all of it. I'm sorry."

When leaving the table, you don't use the words "thank you" but you thank your hostess for food by saying, for instance: "I did enjoy that" or "That was delicious. I really enjoyed it."

The English very seldom drink milk with their meals as in many other coun­tries. Some Englishmen drink water or squash, others may drink beer or wine on special occasions. Some families have tea with their dinner.

If you are not given anything to drink and you find it difficult to have a meal without a drink, you can get yourself a glass of water from the jar. You just say: "May I get myself a glass of water, please?"

2. Найдите в тексте английские эквиваленты русским словам и выражениям:

Следует заметить, будь осторожен, еду подают, выглядит вкусно, по особым случаям, вам сложно есть без напитка, вы можете взять себе стакан воды.

3. Письменно ответьте на вопрос:

Do English often drink milk?

4. Найдите в тексте предложения с конструкцией there is/are, выпишите и переведите на русский язык.

5. Найдите в тексте выражения с предлогами, выпишите их и переведите их на русский язык.

6. Объясните письменно, почему перед существительными tea, milk не употреблен артикль.

7. Выпишите из текста предложения, содержащие модальные глаголы, переведите их на русский язык.

8. Переведите письменно текст на русский язык.

 

Вариант 6

1. Прочтите текст, выписывая незнакомые слова с переводом:

What Means to Be Well-Mannered for an English and for an American.

The well-mannered Englishman at table should hold and keep his knife in his right hand, his fork in his left, cut his meat and press his vegeta­bles onto his fork.

The well-mannered American must first cut up all his meat, then place his knife down on the right of his plate, take his fork in his right hand and with his fork lift the food to his mouth.

He will have coffee (generally with cream) half-way through his dinner before the pudding (which he calls "desserts"). The Englishman drinks his coffee (black usually) after dinner. And of course, Americans are coffee-drinkers rather than tea-drinkers.

The English for which tea-making is almost a religious ceremony would be shocked at the American's idea of how tea should be made. There is a popular method to take a cup of hot (not necessarily boiling) water and drop into it a cotton bag with tea leaves in it.

For a change they will sometimes put a pan of water on the electric stove and, just as the water gets warm, throw in a few teaspoonfuls of tea. Then they pour the mixture into a tea pot (cold, of course), pour it from there into a cup (or glass) and then drink it without turning a hair.

2. Найдите в тексте английские эквиваленты русским словам и выражениям:

Хорошо воспитанный, держит нож в правой руке, со сливками, религиозная церемония, для разнообразия, не моргнув глазом.

3. Письменно ответьте на вопрос:

What for the English is almost a religious ceremony?

4. Найдите в тексте предложения с конструкцией there is/are, выпишите и переведите на русский язык.

5. Найдите в тексте выражения с предлогами, выпишите их и переведите их на русский язык.

6. Объясните письменно, почему перед существительными coffee, milk не употреблен артикль.

7. Выпишите из текста предложения, содержащие модальные глаголы, переведите их на русский язык.

8. Переведите письменно текст на русский язык.

 

Вариант 7

1. Прочтите текст, выписывая незнакомые слова с переводом:

What is Tea for the British?

There is a national drink of the British, it is tea. Britain imports about 20 % of all the world's tea. It was introduced to Britain in 1657 by Catherine of Braganza, King Charles II's wife and became so popular that special ships ("clippers") were designed to bringing it quickly from China.

The English custom of afternoon tea goes back to the late 18th cen­tury, when Anne, wife of the 7th Duke of Bedford, decided that she needed tea and cakes to bring back her strength around 5 p. m.

The British drink more tea than any other nation — about 4 kilos a head, or 1,650 cups of tea a year.

Most people in Britain drink tea with black leaves, but now herbal teas, which do not contain caffeine, are becoming more popular.

The British way of making tea is special. There are some strict rules how their tea is made:

The teapot must be warmed before the tea is put in.

The water must be boiling properly.

The right quantity of tea — "one spoon for each person and one
for the pot" — must be used.

Tea must be brewed for three minutes.

There is the opportunity for the British to rest for a few minutes drinking tea.

2. Найдите в тексте английские эквиваленты русским словам и выражениям:

Национальный напиток, английский обычай, не содержат кофеин, строгие правила; до того, как чай будет налит, правильное качество чая.

3. Письменно ответьте на вопрос:

What is almost a religious ceremony for the English?

4. найдите в тексте предложения с конструкцией there is/are, выпишите и переведите на русский язык.

5. Найдите в тексте выражения с предлогами, выпишите их и переведите их на русский язык.

6. Объясните письменно, почему перед существительными coffee, milk не употреблен артикль.

7. Выпишите из текста предложения, содержащие модальные глаголы, переведите их на русский язык.

8. Переведите письменно текст на русский язык.

 

 

Вариант 8

1. Прочтите текст, выписывая незнакомые слова с переводом:

Eggs.

Cooks love eggs and the wise cook is never without a good supply. Eggs are versatile, easy to use, easy to digest, and most people like them. They are always obtainable and their price remains reasonable. You should store them in a cool place, larder or refrigerator, and there is always the basis of a quick, inexpensive meal ready to hand. If you keep them in the refrigerator, take them out and let them reach kitchen temperature before using.

Brown eggs or white?The answer is that it does not matter, the difference is only in the eye of the beholder. In America they pay extra for pure white ones, the British do the same for dark brown. They are all good. Boil them, scramble them, fry them with bacon, make an omelet, make mayonnaise or meringues.

The egg is the basis of most cakes and many sauces. It takes kindly to cheese and to vegetables of all kinds, and it can help you to achieve spectacular success with many simple dishes. Take the soufflé, for in­stance. A good soufflé, golden and well risen, puffing up in its dish as you take it out of the oven, does a lot for your reputation as a cook. Contrary to popular belief, there is no mystery about soufflés and it is truthfully said that if you can make a white sauce, you can make a soufflé.The important thing is that it should be eaten straight out of the oven. There should not be too much trouble over this!

2. Найдите в тексте английские эквиваленты русским словам и выражениям:





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