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Complete these sentences with the correct form of the words in brackets



1 What can we do to reduce the ………... (pollute) of the atmosphere?

2 The change in the climate has produced ……….. (disaster) floods.

3 Many rare species are threatened with …….. (extinct).

4 Many of the gases produced by factories are ………. (harm) to our health.

5 Exhaust fumes have ………. (damage) effects on the environment.

6 Many countries must try and control the growth of the ……….. (populate).

7 Protecting the environment is essential to our ……… (survive).

8 The ………. (protect) of the environment is everyone’s responsibility.

9 While some countries get richer, the ………. (poor) in others gets worse.

10 Millions of people in the world are threatened with ………. (starve).

 

Read the following text and fill in the correct word derived from the words in bold.

One of the world’s ____________________ (danger) species, the rhinoceros, is still being hunted for their horn. The World Wildlife Federation supports _______________ (organize) which try to stop the ___________ (hunt) by providing vehicles and _____________ (equip) for several national parks in Africa. Protected areas have a high fence around them, so rhinos roam in ______________ (safe). The WWF also helps in _________________ (transport)of rhinos from _____________ (danger) areas into the protected ones. It is very important to lessen the demand for rhino horns. Raising _________________ (aware) of the problem is one of way to help the situation. Rhino _____________________ (conserve) is one of the WWF’s main tasks. _____________________ (hope) the WWF will be able to put a stop to the _________________ (acceptable) act of rhino hunting.

 

Read the following text and fill in the correct word derived from the words in bold.

There are many problems which ________________ (threat) our natural environment. Acid rain, _______________(globe)warming and air and water _____________ (pollute) are among the most serious ones. There are several ways to help improve the situation. Firstly, we should encourage _________________ (recycle) because it is the _____________ (produce) of new materials which causes the most damage. We must learn to reuse things like plastic bags and glass jars. Secondly, driving an environmentally- friendly car is also _______________(help). Furthermore, joining an __________________ (organize) which plants trees or cleans up beaches would be _______________ (prove) that you are really _______________ (concern) about the environment. Lastly, supporting groups such as Greenpeace, which try to prevent many ____________________ (environment) disasters, would help to ensure that our planet will be clean and safe for future generations.

 

Read the following text and fill in the correct word derived from the words in bold.

More and more animals are fighting for __________________ (survive) nowadays, and it is not only ________________(hunt) who are to blame.

Thousands of fish die every year as a result of the _________________ (legal) ________________ (dump) of waste in rivers by factories all over Europe. _______________ (investigate) are often carried out to discover who is __________________ (response) for these ecological disasters, but even when the offenders are found, the ______________ (punish) for this kind of ________________ (behave) is not as severe as it should be. Factories will only reform once the public _________________ (threat) to stop buying their products, and not before. It is the only __________________ (solve) to a very serious problem.

 

 

C2

You have 40 minutes to do this task.

 

Many people argue that ordinary people can do a lot to help the environment, including recycling materials and preventing waste. However, this depends on cities providing facilities for recycling and educating people on the need to help the environment, which some people think is too expensive.

Do you think your city does enough to support people who want to help the environment?

 

Write 200-250 words.

 

Use the following plan:

1. Introduction. (State the problem)

2. Express your opinion and give reasons for it.

3. Give other people’s arguments and explain why they are wrong.

4. Make a conclusion.

 

Read the text, learn the vocabulary and discuss.

SEASONS AND WEATHER

There are four seasons in the year. They are spring, summer, autumn and winter. Every season is beautiful in its own way.

Spring is a wonderful season. Nature awakens from its winter’s sleep. The days become longer and the nights grow shorter. The ground is covered with fresh green grass and snowdrops, the first spring flowers. Then trees cover with new leaves and begin to blossom. The birds begin to sing and build their nests. The air is fresh and the sun shines brightly in the sky. The days are warm and everything is full of life and joy. In May downpours and thunderstorms are quite frequent.

Summer comes in June. It is the hottest season of the year. The trees are green and the gardens are full of flowers. I don’t like when it is boiling hot and stuffy in the summer. But I like summer showers when the air becomes fresh and humid.

Some people prefer autumn to summer. It is still warm in September but leaves change color. It is the best time to go to the suburbs of Saint Petersburg, for example to Pavlovsk. October brings nasty and gloomy weather. It is getting colder and colder. It often pours or drizzles. Fogs are often in the morning too.In November the first snow appears but melts quite quickly and causes a lot of sleet in the streets. The days become shorter.

Winter comes suddenly with frosts and blizzards. It snows a lot and freezes hard so it’s easy to fall down and get hurt. On the other hand winter is a beautiful season when the snow covers the ground, the sun appears and the air is crisp and fresh.

Unfortunately the problem of the global warming and the greenhouse effectcauses a great climate changing. The weather is becoming quite unpredictable. It has become a common situation that instead of snowing hard it is raining heavily on the New Year’s Eve. The weather forecasts are very popular. In St. Petersburg the weather has become a typical topic for conversations and discussions as in the UK.

 

 

С3STUDENT CARD

Give a 2-2.5 minute talk onthe topic “Seasons and weather”.

Rememberto say about

• Four seasons

• What weather each season is characterized by

• What climate changes we face today

 

Answer the question:

What is your favorite season and why?

 

C2

You have 40 minutes to do this task.

Some people say that there is no bad weather there are bad clothes. Others claim that the best place to live is the part of the world where there is no winter and autumn like in Australia or Africa.

Do you think whether we are lucky or not to have four seasons which change one another during the year?

 

Write 200-250 words.

Follow the plan:

1. Introduction. (State the problem)

2. Express your opinion and give reasons for it.

3. Give other people’s arguments and explain why they are wrong.

4. Сonclusion.

 





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