Ex. 4. Join each of the following sentences, using either participle I or participle II.

1. I knew that he was poor. I offered to pay his fare. 2. She became tired of my complaints about the program. She turned it off. 3. He found no one at home. He left the house in a bad temper. 4. He realized that he had missed the last train. He began to walk. 5. They found the money. They began quarreling about how to divide it. 6. She entered the room suddenly. She found them smoking. 7. He fed the dog. He sat down to his own dinner. 8. He stole the silver. He looked for a place to hide it. 9. I didnt like to sit down. I knew that there were ants in the grass. 10. I had heard that the caves were dangerous. I didnt like to go any further without a light.

Ex. 5. Put in the verbs in brackets as Past Participle into the gaps.
_______ politicians (shock). Answer: shocked politicians

1) watches (repair)
2) computers (steal)
3) ..fans (fascinate)
4) ..students (bore)
5) boys (confuse)
6) .umbrellas (forget)
7) girls (disappoint)
8) .comics (swap)
9) .doctors (worry)
10) ..queens (amuse)

Ex. 6. Put in the verbs in brackets as participles present participle or past participle into the gaps.

Example: I talked to the man _______ the newspaper. Answer: I talked to the man reading the newspaper.

1) He saw his friend (go) out with Sue.
2) The bus crashed into the blue car (drive) down the hill.
3) Peter hurt his leg . (do) karate.
4) The umbrella (find) at the bus stop belongs to John Smith.
5) The people (dance) in the street are all very friendly.
6) I heard my mother . (talk) on the phone.
7) My uncle always has his car .. (wash).
8) We stood .. (wait) for the taxi.
9) (look) down from the tower we saw many people walking in the streets.
10) The people drove off in a . (steal) car.


Ex. 7. Participle clauses

Rewrite the sentences to include a participle clause instead of a relative clause.

Example: Can you see the woman who's dressed in red and sitting in the corner?

Can you see the woman dressed in red sitting in the corner?

a People who live'in blocks of flats often complain of loneliness.

b Letters that-a-Fposted before 5 p.m. should arrive the next day.

c The train thatjs standing on platform 5is for Manchester.

d Firemen have rescued passengers who were trapped in the accident.

e It took workmen days to clear up the litter that was dropped by the crowds.

f They live in a lovely house that overlooks the River Thames.


Fill the gaps with a verb from the box in either its present or past participle form.

Example: Jo was in a bad mood for the whole week, completely ruining our holiday.













a After._ her exams, Maggie went Olit to celebrate.

b Jewellery in the robbery has never been recovered.

c I got a letter from the Tax Office ------that I owe them £1,000.

d hungry, I decided to make myself a sandwich.

e Books from the library must be returned in two weeks.

f Not what to do, she burst out crying. g I had a long talk with Jack, why it was important for him to work hard.

h everything into consideration, I've decided to give you a second chance.

i Birdman, by Stephen Spielberg, will be released next month.

j With both children at university, the house seems really quiet.

Unit 7

Grammar: Conjunctions

Objectives: Introduction of new grammar theme Conjunctions and fulfilling grammar exercises.



1. Co-ordinating conjunctions: and, but, both and, or, either or, neither... nor, not only... but also. These conjunctions join pairs of nouns/ adjectives/ adverbs/ verbs/ phrases/ clauses. He plays squash and rugby. He works quickly but accurately. He cant (either) read (or) write. He can neither write. Not only men but also women were chosen.

  • Besides (preposition) means in addition to. It precedes a noun/ pronoun/ gerund: Besides doing the cooking I look after the garden.
  • However (conjunct) usually means but. Itprecedes its adjective/ adverb: You couldnt earn much, however hard you worked.
  • Otherwise (conjunct) means if not/or else. We must be early; otherwise we wont get a seat.
  • So (conjunct) precedes its clause: Our cases were heavy, so we took a taxi.
  • Therefore can be used instead of so in formal English There is fog at Heathrow; the plane, therefore, has been diverted.
  • Still means admitting that/ nevertheless. Yet means in spite of that/ all the same/ nevertheless.
  • Though means but or yet: He says hell pay, though I dont think he will.
  1. Subordinating conjunctions: if, that, unless, when etc. These conjunctions introduce subordinate adverb or noun.
    • When, while, as used to express time. When is used, with simple tenses: When we lived in town we often went to the theatre.
    • As is used when the second action occurs before the first is finished: As I left the house I remembered the key.
    • While means during the time that: As he stood there he saw two men enter the bar.

Ex. 1. Make sentences with both and , neither nor, and either... or using the words in brackets.

1. We didnt like the hotel. It was __________ (clean/ comfortable). 2. I didnt like the film. It was ____________ (boring/ long). 3. I couldnt remember his name. He was _______ (Robert? Richard). 4. I wasnt able to go on holiday that year. Ive got _ (time/ money). 5. We have tickets for Saturday concert. Which do you prefer? I dont care, I can go _________ (Saturday/ Sunday). 6. He is an ideal husband. He ________ (smoke/ drink).


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