Exercise 8. Open the brackets and use the proper form of the Complex Object.


1. Where is Nick? — I saw (he, talk) to Kate a few minutes ago. 2. Parents always want (their children, be) the best. 3. I wouldn't like (such valuable presents, give) to me. 4. I noticed (he, write) something and (pass) it to Alice. 5. We suppose (they, apologize) to us. 6. She watched (the stars, sparkle) in the dark sky. 7. I did not expect (he, behave) in such a way. 8. We don't want (our planet, pollute). 9. I heard (he, work) in his study at night. 10. They expected (he, buy) a more expensive car.


Exercise 9. Make sentences to the model.


a) Example: I believe that Van Clibern is a great pianist. – I believe Van Clibern to be a great pianist.

1. He believes it is a mistake. 2. I consider that this business is very profitable. 3. I don’t expect you will understand me. 4. They know that he is a responsible person. 5. We consider that he is a good professional. 6. She regards that he is a superman. 7. We all think that he is a gentleman. 8. They consider that it is the right decision.


b) Example: Does Charlie play golf? – No, I have never seen (heard, saw, noticed) him play golf.

1. Did he get on that Glasgow bus this evening? 2. Did you ever see Pat’s smile? 3. Did your brother really pat the dean on the shoulder? 4. Did you notice how this boy parked his car near our house? 5. Did you hear that George broke the Safety Code? 6. Did you see how Dylan was deliberately knocked down by another football-player? 7. Did you notice a beautiful girl who drove Nick to the station? 8. Did you watch how Jack was entertaining the guests last night? 9. Did you see him when he stopped for dinner at the pub? 10. Did you hear that he bought a new stereo?


c) Example: Ann didn’t have money. (Jim/lend) – Ann wanted /wished /expected Jim to lend her some.

1. Someone told Sue I was going to visit her. (it / to be a surprise) 2. My parents were upset when I left home. (me / to stay with them) 3. Everybody tried to persuade Tom to play tennis. (Tom / to play tennis) 4. There will be a football match between Scotland and England soon. (England / to win) 5. In your place I would tell the police about it. (you / to inform) 6. She received a letter, but nobody knew who it was from. (anybody / know) 7. Tom was sure Jane would be late. (Jane / not to come in time) 8. Jack asked me to post the letter. (me / to post it) 9. He advised me to take an aspirin. (me / to take an aspirin) 10. Nobody is allowed to smoke in our office. (anyone / not to smoke.


Ex. 10. A) Read the rules:


after the verbs:

want hear

expect see

would like watch

like/hate notice

wish feel

know make

remind let





B) Insert “to” where necessary:

1. She advised me _____ wait. 2. Dad let me _____ drive his car. 3. I reminded Jacob _____ take the book. 4. Liz made Sarah _____ clean her room. 5. I would like Tim _____ buy flowers for me.

6. Mother wanted me _____ wash the dishes. 7. Nick doesn’t let me _____ play games on his computer.


C) Correct the mistakes:

1. Teacher wants me do the whole exercise by myself! 2. I heard Tom to open the door. 3. I don’t let my little brother to eat all the ice-cream. 4. Ann persuaded me join our sports society. 5. I advice you watch this film. 6. I will make you to learn this poem by heart! 7. Mrs. Black asked me be the head of our class.


D) Put these sentences into Passive Voice:

1. My class neighbour doesn’t let me look into his exercise book! 2. Jane made Tom buy an expensive Birthday present for her! 3. Mother doesn’t make me clean my teeth twice a day. 4. Nick’s parents let him watch TV till midnight! 5. That woman made me give up my place to her.


Unit 4

Grammar: Complex Subject


Objectives: Introduction of new grammar theme “Complex Subject” and fulfilling grammar exercises. Revision of Complex Object.

The Complex Subject

The Complex Subject consists of a noun/ pronoun and the Infinitive: Laser is known to be used in medicine.

The Complex Subject is used with the verbs:

· To say, to order, to ask, to announce, to report.

· Denoting sense perception: to see, to hear, to notice etc.

· Denoting mental activity: to think, to consider, to believe, to expect, to suppose etc.

· Word groups: to be likely, to be unlikely, to be sure.

· Pairs of synonyms: to seem, to appear, to prove, to turn out, to happen, to chance.

1. The Infinitive in the Complex Subject is used in all its forms and expressions.

1. a simultaneous action: He is said to live in London.

2. An action in progress: The water seems to be boiling.

3. An action prior to the action expressed by the finite verb: They are reported to have finishedthe construction.

2. The Infinitive in sentences with the Complex Subject cannot refer to the future except with the verbs and word-groups: to expect, to be sure/certain, to be likely.

We are sure to come to the heart of the matter.

He is expected to give us an answer tomorrow.

3. If the verbs to prove, to seem/to appear are followed by adjectives or nouns, the verb to be after then can be omitted.

She proved (to be) clever.

He seems ill.

He appearsan experienced teacher.

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