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Choose the proper alternative to complete the sentence.




 

1. A person who breaks into houses or other buildings to steal is called______.

a) a shoplifter c) a murder

b) a burglar d) a pickpocket

2. A _________ takes away people by force and demands money for their return.

a) kidnapper c) smuggler

b) robber d) deserter

3. A _______ took control of the plane by force and made the pilot change course.

a) shoplifter c) hijacker

b) thief d) forger

4. A soldier who runs away from the army is labeled as a_________.

a) traitor c) deserter

b) terrorist d) bigamist

5. A ________ makes counterfeit (false) money or signatures.

a) forger c) robber

b) spy d) gangster

6. Acting as an ordinary customer a ________ steals from shops different goods.

a) robber c) shoplifter

b) mugger d) smuggler

7. ________ bring goods into a country illegally without paying tax.

a) pick pockets c) drug dealers

b) smugglers d) forgers

8. Setting fire to property illegally is classified as arson and a person doing it is called

a) an arsoner c) a terrorist

b) a hooligan d) an arsonist

9. Oswald Lee is a ________ of President John Kennedy.

a) murderer c) assassination

b) an assassin d) terrorist

10. It is rather difficult to catch a______ who attacks and robs people in the street.

a) shoplifter c) mugger

b) arsonist d) pickpocket

 

Match the type of crime with the description of the crime.

 

Drug smuggling Shoplifting Fraud
Hijacking Kidnapping Arson
Pick pocketing Mugging Theft

 

A. They broke the window of his car and stole the radio.

B. They sold paintings that they knew weren't genuine masterpieces.

C. They illegally carried drugs into another country.

D. They held a pistol at the pilot's head and he had to do what they said.

E. They set fire to the hotel.

F. They took some things off the shelves and left the supermarket without paying for them.

G. They took away the rich man's son and asked him for a lot of money.

H. They hit the man on the head as he was walking along the street, and stole all his money and credit cards.

I. They took her purse out of her handbag as she was standing on the crowded platform waiting for the train.


4.Classification of crimes

 

1. Offences against the person преступления против личности
2. Offences against the property преступления против собственно­сти
3. Unlawful act противозаконное деяние
4. With malice aforethought со злым умыслом
5. Without malice aforethought без злого умысла
6. Bodily harm телесное повреждение
7. Grievous bodily harm тяжкое телесное повреждение
8. To cause(inflict) bodily harm причинять телесное повреждение
9. Gross negligence грубая небрежность
10. Suicide самоубийство
11. Attempted suicide попытка к самоубийству
12. Infanticide детоубийство
13. To use violence применять насилие
14. To be charged with a crime обвиняться в преступлении
15. To be guilty of a crime быть виновным в совершении преступления
16. To deprive smb.of smth. лишить кого-либо чего-либо
17. Trespasser нарушитель границ владения
18. Assault нападение

 

Task II

Read and translate the text.

 

Classification of offences

 

Crimes may be classified in offences against the person and offences against property.

 

Offences against the person

 

Unlawful homicide

Homicide is the killing of a human being by another human being and it is not necessarily a crime. To kill as a means of lawful self-defense is not unlawful homicide and is not a crime. There are 4 types of homicide: murder, manslaughter, suicide and infanticide.

(a) Murder

Murder is unlawful homicide, and it is defined as unlawful killing with malice aforethought.

Malice aforethought may be defined as the intention to kill or cause grievous bodily harm to the other person. It could be murder if the killer intended to murder one person, but killed another instead.

The punishment for murder is imprisonment for life.

(b) Manslaughter

Manslaughter is unlawful homicide without malice aforethought. Manslaughter occurs when a person acts with gross negligence and kills another person.

(c) Suicide. Suicide and attempted suicide are not crimes, but it is a criminal offence to aid, counsel or procure the suicide of another.

(d) Infanticide'

Infanticide is committed when a child under the age of 12 months is killed by its mother.

2. Assault is an act, which causes another person to be in immediate fear of an unlawful physical attack. It is generally considered that mere words are not sufficient but that they must be accompanied by some positive action. An action, which arouses fear, although there was no intention to harm, would be an assault.

3. Rape. This offence occurs when a man has unlawful sexual intercourse with a woman without her free consent. It would still be rape if consent was given by a trick, such as a man pretending to be the woman's husband.

A husband cannot rape his wife unless they are legally separated but a husband may be charged with assault or causing bodily harm if he uses violence to force his wife to have intercourse.

 

Offences against property

 

There are many offences against property. The main crimes are as following:

Theft

‘A person is guilty of theft if he dishonestly appropriates property belonging to another with the intention of permanently depriving the other of it’. The punishment for theft is a maximum of 10 years' imprisonment.

Robbery

‘A person is guilty of robbery if he steals and immediately before or at the time of doing so, and in order to do so, he uses force on any person or puts or seeks to put any person in fear of being subjected to force’.

The maximum punishment is imprisonment for life.

Burglary

This offence occurs when a person:

----Enters any building or part of a building as a trespasser and with intent to commit an offence of theft, inflicting grievous bodily harm, rape or unlawful damage, or

----Enters a building as a trespasser, steals or attempts to steal anything in the building or inflicts or attempts to inflict grievous bodily harm upon any person therein. The maximum punishment is 14 years' imprisonment.

 

 






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