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Leopard




The distribution of the Far Eastern leopard in border areas, and the extremely small area of its habitat, as well its low population num≠bers gives special significance to international coordination of measures to protect the ani≠mal. Supporting stable contacts of the re≠maining populations across state borders is becoming the most important condition for the survival of the subspecies as a whole.

It will be very difficult to preserve the Rus≠sian population without uniting the efforts of Russia, China and North Korea.

Considering that the habitat of the Far East≠ern leopard encompasses mainly the remaining mountain forests at the juncture of three coun≠tries, it is expedient to prepare a project of a tri-lateral intergovernmental agreement on the protection and preservation of the unique biol≠ogical diversity of tlris region. First of all, it is necessary to establish immediately close con≠tact with Cliina on an inter-governmental level for the development of a coordinated policy for the preservation of the border leopard popula≠tion. Responsibility for the development and implementation of tliis policy could be assumed by a bilateral working group.

One of the most pressing goals must be the drafting of a plan for a cross-border interna≠tional reserve for the preservation of the Far Eastern leopard, the Amur tiger and other rare species living in the border territory. Work on the restoration of the lost areas of the leo≠pard's habitat by means of reintroduction of leopard populations must also, undoubtedly, be conducted through international cooper≠ation. Mutual understanding of the necessity for joint efforts on saving the leopard will ease the exchange of information, the coordina≠tion of scientific research, the unification of census-taking methods and monitoring of the state of the population and its habitat; such understanding will also aid in the increasing the efficacy of measures to stop the illegal trade in biological resources across borders.

The implementation of a program for rein-troducing the leopard by providing for the


30


—тратеги€ сохранени€ дальневосточного леопарда


 


вотных в неволе, вр€д ли сможет обойтись без помощи зарубежных зоопарков.  омплекс ме≠ропри€тий по сохранению леопарда в –оссии требует финансовых вложений, а при под≠держке зарубежных и международных эколо≠гических фондов их выполнение будет более успешным. ћеждународна€ конференци€ во ¬ладивостоке показала большой интерес зару≠бежных ученых к проблеме сохранени€ даль≠невосточного леопарда и их желание помочь –оссии в этом благородном деле. ќднако этого пока нельз€ сказать о зарубежной обществен≠ности, весьма слабо информированной о тре≠вожной судьбе п€тнистой кошки, пока еще брод€щей в заснеженных горах ƒальнего ¬ос≠тока.


breeding of animals in captivity, would be next to impossible without the aid of foreign zoos. A set of measures on saving the leopard in Russia will require investment, and with the support of foreign and international eco≠logical funds the implementation of these measures will be more successful. The inter≠national conference in Vladivostok demon≠strated the great interest of foreign scientists in the problem of saving the Far Eastern leo≠pard and their desire to help Russia in tliis noble effort. However, this is not yet the case with public opinion abroad: there is very little information about the alarming fate of this spotted cat which still roams the snow-covered hills of the Far East.





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