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The tourist industry. The facts of developing




. (1-5)

1. What do you know about tourism?

2. Can you explain the term tourism?

3. What kind of industry is tourism?

4. Why is not it easy to define tourism?

5. What people are considered tourists?

6. Why do people like travelling?

7. For what reason do people travel?

8. What tourist destinations do you know?

9. What does it mean international tourism?

10. What do you know about domestic tourism?

11. Without what cant tourism exist?

12. Is the purpose of travel the same for different people?

13. Why do people travel? What is the reason of their travelling?

14. What do people do while travelling?

Tourism is travel awayfrom a persons usual place of residence for a period longer than 24 hours, primarily for pleasure or recreation, and frequently to multiply destinations.

International tourism means tourist travel between two or more countries.

Internal tourism is tourist travel within the same country of which the tourist is the resident. This is also called domestic tourism.

Tourist destination is a place or area to which tourists travel. It may be a resort, but it also may be a large city.

Excursion is a trip away from a persons usual place of residence for less than 24 hours, although weekend trips are often classified as excursions. A person who takes such a trip is an excursionist.

Accommodations are places at which travelers can obtain a bed and food while on a trip, in other words, hotels, motels, inns, camping grounds, and so forth.

Convention is a meeting at which people usually within the same field or business exchange their ideas, experiences, specialized knowledge, and so on.

Resort is a place or area to which people travel for recreational purposes. Hotels are important features of resort areas.

 

1. What kind of industry is tourism? Tourism is one of the fastest growing industries in the world.  
2. Is it easy to define tourism? No, it is not. In spite of its rapid growth it is not easy to define tourism.
3. Why is not it easy to define tourism? Because tourism involves travel. But the purpose of travel can be different. Many people travel for the purpose of recreation or pleasure. Other people travel for the reasons of health. Other people travel to visit friends and relatives. Still others travel to educate themselves or on business.
4. What people are considered to be tourists? Those people who travel for the purpose of recreation, pleasure, health, on business or on specific missions.

 

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The tourist industry. The facts of developing.

Tourism has been one of the fastest growing industries in recent years. The growth rate of tourism has generally exceeded the growth rate for the worldwide economy.

In spite of its rapid growth, it is not easy to define tourism. Tourism necessarily involves travel; a tourist is usually defined as a person who is visiting some other place than his usual residence for more than 24 hours.

The purpose of travel must also enter into the definition of tourism.

Many people travel entirely for the purpose of recreation or pleasure; they are people on holiday. Other people travel for reasons of health. Other people travel to visit friends or relatives. Mobility throughout the world has become more important. Still others travel for the purpose of education.

Although all these people can be considered tourists, the primary reason for their trips is recreation. Most tourist statistics also include people who are travelling on business. Among them are businessmen and government officials on specific missions, as well as people attending meetings or conventions.

Many people among those travelling on business often combine pleasure with their work. They also use the same transportation, accommodations, and catering facilities as the holiday tourists.

Accommodation refers to hotels or other places where a traveler can find rest and shelter; catering facilities refers to places where a traveler or another member of the public can find food and drink.

Tourism is relatively new phenomenon in the world. And its development as a mass industry depends on modern means of rapid and inexpensive transportation.

 

Tourism as we know it today began with the building of the railroads in the XIX century. In fact, the words tourism and tourists themselves were not used for the first time until about 1800. The first tour in the modern sense was put together by Thomas Cook in England, in 1841, and the firm of Thomas Cook and Sons has remained one of the prominent names in the tourist industry.

 

³ . - Answer the following questions:

1. Why is tourism the fastest growing industry?

2. What is the difference between a tourist and an excursionist?

3. What are the most common reasons for travelling?

4. Why do tourist statistics include those people who are travelling on business?

5. What is the difference between the terms accommodation and catering facilities?

6. What has the development of tourism as a mass industry depended on? Why?

7. When did the words tourism and tourist appear?

8. What is the name of the best known company in the tourist industry?

 

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