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Ex 33 Open the brackets, using the correct tense form.




I (enter) the dentist's waiting room which (be) full. Like any other waiting room, it (have) an atmosphere of its own. A small table (be covered) with very old magazines; the curtains (be) of indefinite colour and the armchairs definitely unclean. There (be) dusty pictures on the wall. I (take) my seat and (decide) to pass the time watching the people around me.

A little man beside me (turn) over the pages of a magazine quickly and nervously. It (be) hard to understand what he (look) at; from time to time he (throw) the magazine on the table and (pick up) another. Opposite me there (be) a young mother who (try) hard to quiet her son. The boy (make) aeroplane-noises as he (move) an ashtray on the floor. Near him an old man (sleep) and the boy's mother (be) afraid that sooner or later her son (wake up) him. I myself (be) sleepy. The boy (be) quiet now in his mother's arms. There (be) a deathly silence in the room and just at this moment the loud speaker (call) out the name of the next lucky person.

(After "Sixty Steps to Précis" by L. Q. Alexander)

The Use of the Present Indefinite Tense in Adverbial Clauses of Time and Condition with the Meaning of the Future

Ex 34 Study the following chart. *

You'll do it He'll speak to her I won't discuss this question We'll have a party She'll go to the country when you find the time. while you are busy with your work. until (till) he comes. before she leaves. if it doesn't rain.

Ex 35 Complete the following sentences on the above pattern.

1. You'll understand this book when you (get older). 2. If the weather (change for the better), we'll go to the country. 3. He will phone you as soon as he (wake up). 4. I'll call a doctor if she (get worse). 5. You will never make this mistake again if you (learn things the right way). 6. I won't speak to you again until you (tell me the whole truth). 7. If she (go by a fast train), she'll arrive in time. 8. We'll stay in Moscow till we (get an answer to our letter). 9. He will get to her place before everybody (arrive). 10. When the train (arrive in Kiev) I'll get off to buy newspapers. 11. You won't be cold if you (wear a warm coat). 12. After they (make changes in the plan) we'll discuss it again. 13. If you (speak so fast), nobody will understand you.

Ex 36 Answer the following questions, using adverbial clauses of condition.


(A) Model: When will the train pass Tambov? (not be late).

If it is not late, it will pass the town at 2:30.


1. How long will it take you to read a book of three hundred pages? (do nothing else). 2. When will you finish your course paper? (everything; be all right). 3. Will he take her to the theatre? (get one more ticket). 4. Will you go to the country tomorrow? (not rain). 5. Will he travel to the., Crimea by train? (not get a ticket for the train; go there by plane). 6. When will he make his report on Britain's economy? (get well).

(B) What will happen if: 1. we talk all at once? (hear nothing). 2. you teach him everything at once? (learn nothing). 3. we don't wait for him? (not find the way to the museum). 4. you don't work hard at your English? (get a poor mark). 5. he doesn't arrive in time? (not wait for him). 6. the weather doesn't change for the better? (stay in town).

Ex 37 Translate the following sentences info English (mind the use of tenses in adverbial clauses of time and condition).


1. ≈сли вы отодвинете книжный шкаф от окна, в комнате будет светлее. 2. ≈сли вы будете проходить мимо кино, купите билеты на новую картину. 3.  ак только € найду ее адрес, € вам позвоню. 4. —колько времени вам понадобитс€ на дорогу в институт, если вы будете жить за городом? 5. „то мы будем делать, если она опоздает? 6. ≈сли она останетс€ дома с ребенком, € поеду с вами. 7. ≈сли погода будет дождлива€, € возьму плащ. 8. ћы не начнем обсуждать этот вопрос, пока не соберутс€ (придут) все студенты нашей группы. 9. ѕодумай хорошенько, прежде чем дать ответ. 10. я останусь в городе, пока не установитс€ хороша€ погода. 11.  огда ты мне сообщишь свой адрес, € отвечу тебе телеграммой и сразу выеду. 12. ѕока ты ходишь по магазинам, € соберу вещи.

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