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WhY doeSnТt the earth Feel well?


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1. Warm-up

do the quiz


1) Most of the trash your family throws away each day ends up getting Е. a) Recycle b) Burned

c) Landfilled d) Eaten

2) About how many kilogrammes of garbage does each one of us create every day?

a) Less than 2 b) 6 c) 35 d) 50

3) Mercury is a hazardous chemical. Which item does not contain mer- cury?

a) Computer disks b) Blinking lights in sneakers

c) Fluorescent light bulbs d) Thermometers

4) Which items are recyclable?

a) Plastic milk jugs b) Cereal boxes

c) Aluminum soda cans d) All of the above

5) What is the environmentally friendly way to dispose of used tires?

a) Send them to a landfill

b) Recycle them into a playground matting c) Dump them in a ditch along the roadway d) Collect them and put them in a big pile

6) What is groundwater?

a) Water that is spilled onto the ground b) Water beneath the ground surface

c) The bottom part of a lake or river

d) Rainwater that lands on the ground

7) What material do we throw away the most?

a) Glass b) Paper c) Aluminum d) Plastic

8) How long does it take Styrofoam to break down in a landfill?

a) 10 Years b) 50 Years c) 100 Years d) 500 Years

9) Used oil should be disposed of by.. a) Dumping it on your driveway

b) Watering it down and spreading it as a fertilizer

c) Collecting it in a sealed container and taking it to an oil changing business

d) Keeping in the garage for 10 years before throwing it away in the


10) Our waterways are polluted by..

a) Dumping used oil on the ground

b) Leaking underground gasoline storage tanks c) Leaking of old landfills

d) All of the above

Key: 1 c, 2 b, 3 a, 4 d, 5 b, 6 b, 7 b, 8 d, 9 c, 10 d.


2. Reading

Fill in the gaps with the words from the box.

Dangerous land fresh air late problem noise air rubbish serious water roadworks smoke safe


The pollution in Hong Kong is a (1) Е problem.

We have (2) Е pollution which makes the rivers and the sea very dirty. Some seafood is no longer (3) Е to eat now.

We have (4) Е pollution because of the (5) Е made by cars and facto- ries.

(6) Е pollution is also getting worse because of the (7) Е and traffic in our streets.

If we allow this to go on, Hong Kong will become a (8) Е place to live in. Therefore we must do something before it is too (9) Е.

If we donТt stop making a lot of smoke, we wonТt have (10) Е to breathe.

Key: 1 serious, 2 water, 3 safe, 4 air, 5 smoke, 6 noise, 7 roadworks,

8 dangerous, 9 late, 10 fresh air.



3. Reading

Read the text and do the tasks.


In many countries woodland are under threat from continued house and road building, but the biggest problem is neglect. Seven thousand years ago, most of Britain, for example, was covered with trees. Since then, these forests have been systematically cleared to provide land for agriculture and housing and to use as fuel. Around 1900 only 4 % of the country was wood- land; measures have since been taken to enlarge forests which now make up 10 % of the British landscape. Even so, this compares poorly with the European Union average of 25 %.

Many of us take trees for granted, yet they make significant contri- butions to many areas of our daily life. They provide areas for recreation and relaxation. A US survey indicates that hospital patients recover more quickly and require less powerful medicine if they have a view of trees.

Trees can give an important insight into the history of an area. Rows of trees crossing an open field may have once marked where a hedgerow used to be, and single trees may have been used as a local landmark.

Trees also convert carbon dioxide and water in the atmosphere into oxygen. The oxygen produced from 30 to 40 square metres of leaves is suf- ficient for one person per day. They provide vital habitats and wood stuffs for birds, animals, insects and other plants. They supply timber for build- ing as well as wood pulp for paper production.

Trees in towns help to reduce pollution level by moving dust, smoke and fume particles from the air and trapping them in their leaves, branches and stems. They can also reduce wind speeds by 85 % and noise by 40 %.

Are these sentences true or false?

1) Trees increase the effect of pollution.

2) Patients with a view of trees spend less time in hospitals.

Key: 1 T, 2 F.

Find in the text words or expressions that mean the same as:

1) Carelessness (paragraph 1) Е

2) Understanding (paragraph 3) Е

Key: 1 neglect, 2 insight.


5. summary

How is pollution effecting the environment of Ukraine today?


6. Homework

Make up your list of environmental problems. What are the worst of them?

Lesson 55


ItТS hIgh tIMe to aCt!


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1. Warm-up

Do ex. 4 (c), p. 150.


2. speaking

Do ex. 5, p. 150.


3. Grammar practice

Do ex. 1, p. 151.


Put the sentences into the passive voice.

1) The tourist is taking pictures.

2) Drivers have to respect the law.

3) People have sent millions of e-mails during the last two years.

Key: Pictures are being taken by the tourist. The law has to be respect-

ed. Millions of e-mails have been sent during the last two years.

Put the following words in the appropriate forms.

1) Nadia is (determine) Е to pass the exam as she is preparing for it se- riously.

2) The (develop) Е of all the economic sectors depends on private invest- ments.

Key: determined, development


4. Vocabulary practice

Fill in the blanks with the adequate phrasal verb from the box.


Take up think over put off look up make up


1) Because of the heavy rain, the football match was Е for another day.

2) Can I have your dictionary, please? IТd like to Е some words.

3) During adolescence, young people may Е bad habits like smoking or drugs addiction.

4) This problem is very complex. I must Е it Е to find a solution.

Key: 1 put off, 2 look up, 3 take up, 4 thinkЕ over.


5. Reading

Do ex. 2, p. 151.


6. Reading and writing

Read the text, do the task and add your own ideas.


We all want to protect our planet, but weТre mostly too busy or too la- zy to put up big change that would improve our lifestyle and save the en- vironment.

These are 7 simple habits to implement in your everyday life which will make a difference. There is nothing new here but if you follow at least some

of these tips, you can be proud of yourself participating in the protection of

the environment.

Use compact fluorescent light bulbs:

It is true that these bulbs are more expensive, but they last much longer and they can save energy and in the long term your electricity bill would be reduced.


You have tons of clothes or things you want to get rid of. If they are still usable, give them to someone who needs them. You may also choose to give them to associations. These associations may sell them and collect a little money. Not only will you protect the environment, but you will also contribute to a good cause.

Turn off your devices:

When you do not use a house device, turn it off. For example, if you donТt watch TV, turn it off. Turn off the light when you leave a room (even if you intend to return.) ItТs an easy habit to take up which will help you save a lot of money.

Walk or cycle:

Driving is one of the biggest causes of pollution. If you want to use your car, ask yourself the following question: do I really need my car? Walk or use your bike if the journey is a short one.


Follow the recommended dose of detergent to wash your clothes or dishes.

Leaky faucets:

Watch leaky faucets, which can cause a significant increase in the the water bill. An average of 120 litres of water can be wasted due to a dripping faucet.


Think of recovering rainwater. This water can be used for different purposes.

This list is far from being exhaustive but in addition to saving the envi- ronment, all these tips will help you save money.

1) Fluorescent light bulbs waste more energy

a) True b) False

2) Donate means:

a) give b) take.

3) The 7 tips suggested

a) to save money b) protect the environment. c) to save money and protect the environment.

Key: 1 b (F), 2 a, 3 c.


7. speaking

Do ex. 3, p. 152.


8. summary

1) Why donТt people do more to help the environment?

2) Why donТt politicians do more to help the environment?


9. Homework

You live close to a large factory and are concerned about the environ- mental problems it causes. You decided to write a letter to the managing director of the factory.

The following information should be mentioned:

y River pollution

y The factory produces a bad smell

y The noise pollution caused by the factory

y Recycling hasnТt started yet

y They missed the last local meeting on the environment

y Traffic to the factory is increasing

Lesson 56


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