It ShoUldnt Be deStroYed!


ֳ: Passive Voice; - , ; ; , - .




1. Warm-up


Find the odd one out

There may be more than one answer. Give your reasons. A B C

1) green efficient environmentally friendly

2) to conserve to save to protect

3) to condemn to campaign to oppose

4) traffic jams motorway tolls park and ride schemes

5) nuclear energy oil pollution radioactive waste

6) to ration to share to deplete

7) sustainable biodegradable renewable

8) an oil rig a power station a recycling plant


2. speaking




1) What do you think about fines or jail time for people who use too many


2) Would this increase environmental awareness and responsibility?

Discuss your ideas. (Homework)


4. Reading

Do ex. 3, p. 140.


5. Reading and speaking

Do ex. 4, p. 141.


6. Grammar practice

Do ex. 1, p. 142.


7. Reading

Do ex. 2, p. 142.


8. Writing

Make up sentences in Passive using the following words:

Recycle, spray, generate, bird, windmill, trash can, oil, ivory, crops,

tanker, tusks, bin, factory, trees, paper, shoot, pollution, elephants, toxic

waste, oil spills, pesticides, power, spill, pollute, kill, throw.


9. Reading

Do ex. 3, p. 142.


10. Grammar practice

Do ex. 4, p. 143.


11. Writing

Write the sentence in the passive if possible.

1) Scientists observed the tigers for six days.

2) Scientists are investigating the possibility of life on other planets.



















When we walked into the classroom, the teacher had already given the assignment.

Some teachers cleaned up the teachers room.

I think the students will have drunk most of the coffee by the time we arrive.

People believe that San Francisco is a warm city.

made the coffee.

s cat broke the vase.

Everyone thinks that San Francisco is the most beautiful city in the


Our findings will intrigue the world. Someone will tell us by this time next week. Many people visit Disneyland every year. Someone has washed the dishes.

Someone poisoned s dinner. What happened to you last night?

John needs to have someone fix his car.

wants to have someone clean her house.


12. summary

Discuss any questions you like.

















Who do you think is more responsible for pollution, individual people or the government? Explain.

What is the most important issue facing the environment today?

Do you know about any anti-pollution programs in your community? What about programs in your native country?

Do you usually drink bottled water? Why or Why not?

If you could choose one alternative energy source to develop which one would you choose? Why?

Are there litter laws where you live? If so, what is the penalty for lit- tering?

Do you think cars should be banned from city centers?

Do you think people should recycle newspapers? Why or why not? Do you think there are lessons to learn from nature?

How has the world changed since you were a child? (Technology, values, environment, health)

How often is garbage collected in your neighborhood?

13. Homework

Do ex. 5, p. 143.

Lesson 51


EnVIronMental ProBleMS


ֳ: ; - , ; - ; , .




1. Warm-up

Do ex. 1, p. 144.


2. speaking

Do ex. 2, p. 144.





3. Listening

Listen to the interview and do the tasks.


David talks about how deforestation and the problems it causes.

S h i r l e y. Hi, David. How are you?

D a v i d. Im fine, thank you, Shirley.

S h i r l e y. So, environmental issues we were talking about them ear- lier throughout the world, and youre from Kenya.

D a v i d. Yes, Im from Kenya.

S h i r l e y. So, whats happening over there?

D a v i d. One of the environmental issues we are having is deforestation,

which is really affecting both the wild animals and people living around the forest and, you know, the environment in general.

S h i r l e y. So, whats actually happening to the people that for exam-

ple the people who actually live around the forest area?

D a v i d. Cause you know, when you tend to interfere and come in be-

tween the wild animals habitat and things like that, you somehow create

like an imbalance in between the people and the animals and sometimes its

not a really nice thing cause animals tend to come close to where people live

instead of living in their own habitat, which is a really bad thing.

S h i r l e y. So, are they like attacking people or?

D a v i d. They really dont attack but its not a really nice picture or

scene to know that youre vulnerable at any time.

S h i r l e y. What about livestock of the people that are close to forest


D a v i d. You know, thats one of the things that are in danger cause,

you know, if wild animals come to where people live, and they have live-

stock, probably theyll want to be eaten.

S h i r l e y. So, whats actually causing the deforestation?

D a v i d: People are trying to burn charcoal, so that they can get, theyre trying to burn the trees so that they can get charcoal and sell cause

as you know everyone is not living to the living standard that theyre sup-

posed to be living, and theyre trying in every way to earn an extra dime to support their families, so they turn to deforestation and the cutting down

of trees, and this has been one of major causes of deforestation cause when

youre trying to get charcoal and sell, you have to cut a tree and that results

to deforestation and other causes that come along with deforestation and

like soil erosion. things like that.

S h i r l e y. So whats being done to try and remedy this, or to try and counterbalance the effect?

D a v i d. The activist groups that are coming together like you all know the Nobel Prize winner Wangari Maathai.

S h i r l e y. Yes.

D a v i d. She has her own green belt movement in Kenya. Shes been for so long trying to discourage people and educate people in what deforesta- tion does to the country and how it effects people and the environment in general.

Fill in the gaps.


vulnerable living standard extra dime support discourage


1) Do you work now or do your parents you?

2) They want to buy a house so they are saving any they can.

3) Please try to your brother from smoking.

4) The is very high in most of Europe.

5) Babies are more to sickness.


Answer the following questions about the interview.

1) What is deforestation affecting in Kenya?

a) People b) Animals c) Both

2) What is the imbalance?

a) Animals living near people b) People hunting animals c) More animals than people

3) What do the animals tend to attack?

a) People b) Livestock c) Both

4) Why are the people cutting the trees?

a) To gain farmland b) To make charcoal c) To make houses

5) Who is trying to remedy the situation?

a) Local activists b) A Nobel Prize winner c) Both

Key: 1 c, 2 a, 3 b, 4 b, 5 c.


4. speaking

Do ex. 4, p. 145.



he government or the people bear the brunt for environmental


    5.   summary
    6. Should t protection?   Homework


Ex. 5, p. 145.

Lesson 52


SolVIng ProBleMS


ֳ: ; - ; .








1. Warm-up


In order to protect the environment, your city passes a law that requires

cars with even-numbered license plates to drive on even-numbered dates,

and odd-numbered license plates on odd-numbered dates. How would you feel? What would you do?


2. speaking

Do ex. 1, p. 146.


3. Reading

Read the report and discuss the traffic problems in your area.



10 October 2011

Italys business capital, Milan, banned all traffic from its streets for

10 hours on Sunday in an attempt to reduce pollution. The city is particu- larly vulnerable to pollution.


Mark Duff

Milan is one of Europes most polluted cities


Viewed from the roof of Milans cathedral, the Duomo, the Alps appear

through a brown, murky haze of pollution. Satellite images regularly show

the city to be one of the worlds pollution hotspots.

The problem has been made more acute now by the weather. For most

of the past month, Milaneses have been basking in glorious sunshine and temperatures well above the seasonal average.

That means pollution levels have reached a level not normally seen be-

fore the cold, still days of January.

The unseasonable weather has exacerbated the two principal causes of

Milans perennial smog crisis: Italians love affair with the car and a trick

of nature. Milan lies in a shallow bowl, which traps the fumes from cars, and inefficient old household boilers.

Sundays ban was triggered when the measure of pollution exceeded a statutory ceiling for more than twelve days.

Mark Duff, BBC News, Milan

y murky haze air difficult to see through due to smoke

y pollution hotspots areas where the air has its highest concentration of harmful substances

y acute severe, serious

y seasonal average usual temperatures for that time of the year

y exacerbated worsened

y perennial continuous

y smog heavily polluted air that contains a mixture of smoke, gases

and chemicals

y a trick of nature an event that has not being prompted by man, it

happens naturally

y a shallow bowl a depressed landscape with surroundings slightly higher than the centre.

4. Reading and speaking

Do ex. 2, p. 146.


5. Listening

Listen to the interview and do the task.

I n t e r v i e w e r. Today, Im interviewing nine-year-old Alex about her feelings on how people can help save the environment. So, Alex, how can we save the environment?

A l e x. By saving water.

I n t e r v i e w e r. Well, how can we do that?

A l e x. By not using too much water when we wash dishes, take a bath, and when we do other things, like watering the plants outside.

I n t e r v i e w e r. Oh, I think I can do that. What else?

A l e x. When drinking or eating something outside, you should keep the garbage until you find a trashcan to put it in because littering makes our planet dirty. Do you like seeing trash all over the ground?

I n t e r v i e w e r. No, I dont. Do you have any final suggestions?

A l e x. Yes. We shouldnt waste paper because trees are being cut down to make the paper. By recycling paper, we save the forests where animals live.

I n t e r v i e w e r. So, how can children recycle paper, I mean, everyday? A l e x. Well, for example, when I was in kindergarten, I used to save

the newspapers so that I could make things make out of them, like paper trees, instead of just throwing them away. Now, the children in our neigh- borhood collect newspapers once a month to take them to a recycling center.

I n t e r v i e w e r. Thats great. Well thanks Alex for your ideas.

1) What is the name of the girl being interviewed?

a) Alice b) Ellen c) Alex

2) She says we should save water when .

a) washing cars b) cleaning clothes c) taking a bath

3) The girls second suggestion is about . a) separating different types of garbage b) disposing of trash properly

c) having a family clean-up party

4) By recycling paper, we can .

a) protect the forests b) cut down on waste c) save money

5) What does the girl do once a month?

a) She visits a recycling center

b) She cleans a neighborhood park. c) She collects newspapers.


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