Соотнесите слова и их определения. Переведите следующие слова и выражения на английский язык. 1

1. demand a. a period or process in which business activity is reduced and conditions become worse
2. downturn b. the people looking for work and the jobs that are available at that time
3. labour market c. the need or desire that people have for particular goods and services
4. consensus d. the amount of money you have to pay for something
5. price e. an opinion that everyone in a group agrees with or accepts



Переведите следующие слова и выражения на английский язык.

1. покупательская способность 6. товары и услуги
2. ликвидность 7. уровень цен
3. темпы инфляции 8. инвестиции и свободный капитал
4. дефицит товаров 9. спад деловой активности
5. индекс потребительских цен 10. гиперинфляция



Переведите следующие слова и выражения на русский язык.

1. mainstream economists 6. goods and services
2. money supply 7. labour market
3. capital projects 8. scarcity
4. wage inflation 9. percentage
5. banking reserve requirements 10. fluctuations in real demand


Выберите правильный вариант ответа.

1. ……….. is a rise in the general level of prices of goods and services.

a) wage inflation b) recession c) inflation


2. High rates of inflation are caused by an excessive growth of the …………

a) labour market b) money supply c) scarcity


3. The task of keeping the rate of inflation low and stable is usually given to …………..

a) monetary policy b) mainstream economists c) monetary authorities


4. Low or moderate inflation may be attributed to fluctuations in ………… for goods and services.

a) real demand b) wage inflation c) capital projects


5. Monetary authorities are ………..

a) business owners b) mainstream economists c) central banks


Ответьте на вопросы.

1. What is inflation?

2. What are positive and negative effects of inflation?

3. Why do most mainstream economists favor a low steady rate of inflation?

4. What authorities are engaged in keeping the rate of inflation low and stable?

5. What is the connection between inflation and unemployment?

6. Выполните КОПР №5 «Perfect Continuous», подтемы «Present Perfect Continuous», «Past Perfect Continuous».


Part 2


Прочитайте незнакомые слова перед прослушиванием текста.

gouge – вымогать

lemon – брак, поломка

hassle – препятствие, трудность


2. Прослушайте текст «Car Rental» (для прослушивания кликните один раз на приведенную ниже ссылку, удерживая клавишу «Ctrl», после загрузки страницы нажмите на кнопку проигрывателя).

Ссылка для прослушивания: http://esl-lab.com/rentcar/rentcarrd1.htm


Выберите правильный вариант ответа.

1. Why did the man settle on renting the full-size car?

A. It was roomy enough for him

B. It was more economical than the minivan

C. It had more features than the other vehicles


2. What was one of his major concerns about renting the car?

A. He couldn't add an additional driver to the rental plan

B. He was only limited to a certain number of miles per day

C. The vehicle would probably consume a lot of gas


3. How would you describe his rental car?

A. It was a little larger than he expected

B. The car doesn't look very attractive

C. The engine has problems and runs poorly


4. In which situation would the car protection plan NOT help the customer?

A. The car is stolen from a store parking lot with all of your valuables
B. The driver loses control of the car and crashes it into power pole

C. The car's exterior and windows are damaged in a hail storm


5. What can we infer from the closing statement about roadside assistance?

A. You should call the police in case your car has mechanical difficulties

B. Getting assistance might require some time and patience

C. The company will compensate you for delays in your travel

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