Ex.49 The present continuous and the future simple

Put the verbs in brackets into the present continuous or the future simple using the present continuous where possible.

(The be going to form could be used here instead of the present continuous, but for the sake of simplicity students are advised to use only the two tenses first mentioned.)

1 I am sure that I (recognize) him.

2 I (see) her tomorrow.

3 He (play) in a tennis match on Friday.

4 She (come) back on Monday.

5 I (go) again next year.

6 We (know) tonight.

7 You pay and I (owe) you the money.

8 I (believe) it when I see it.

9 I (have) my car repainted next week.

10 I hope that you (have) a good time tomorrow.

11 His speech (be) broadcast tonight.

12 The window-cleaner (come) at eight tomorrow.

13 Tom (catch) the 7.40 train.

14 Where you (meet) them? ~

I (meet) them at midnight in the middle of the wood.

15 What horse you (ride) tomorrow?

16 Look! I've broken the teapot. What Mrs Pitt (say)?~ She (not mind); she never liked that one.

17 I've left the light on. It (matter)?

18 He (not forget) to come.

19 He (leave) in a few days.

20 I (remember) it.

21 If you drop that bottle it (break).

22 I never (forgive) him.

23 I'm sure that you (like) him.

24 They (lay) the foundations next week.

25 You (see) a signpost at the end of the road.

26 He has cut my hair too short. ~

Don't worry; it (grow) again very quickly.

27 You (understand) when you are older.

28 The cat (scratch) you if you pull its tail.

29 I (be) back at 8.30.

30 If he doesn't work hard he (not pass) his exam.

31 She (go) on a cruise next summer.

32 I (move) to a new flat next week.

33 I am sorry that the child saw the accident. ~

I don't think it matters. He soon (forget) all about it.

34 I (wait) here till he comes back.

35 He (not write) to you unless you write to him.

36 There (be) a big meeting here tomorrow.


Ex.50 will + infinitive and the be going to form

Future with intention can usually be expressed by will + infinitive or the be going to form. Very often either of these can be used, but when the intention is clearly premeditated the be going to form must be used, and when the intention is clearly unpremeditated we must use will + infinitive.

Put the verbs in brackets into one of these two forms. (In some of the examples the present continuous could be used instead of the be going to form.)

1 The fire has gone out! ~

So it has. I (go) and get some sticks.

2 Did you remember to book seats? ~

Oh no, I forgot. I (telephone) for them now.

3 He has just been taken to hospital with a broken leg. ~ I'm sorry to hear that. I (send) him some grapes.

4 I've hired a typewriter and I (learn) to type.

5 I see that you have got a loom. You (do) some weaving?

6 I can't understand this letter. ~

I (call) my son. He (translate) it for you.

7 You (buy) meat?~

No, I (not eat) meat any more. I (eat) vegetables.

8 You've bought a lot of paint. You (redecorate) your kitchen?

9 Why are you getting out the jack? ~

We have a puncture and I (change) the wheel. ~ I (help) you.

10 Look what I've just bought at an auction! ~

What an extraordinary thing! Where you (put) it?

11 Why are you peeling that bit of garlic?~

I (put) it in the stew. 1

12 What you (do) when you grow up? ~ I (be) an acrobat in a circus.

13 What are you going to do with that dress? ~ I (shorten) the skirt.

14 Will you lend me your season ticket? ~

No, I (not lend) it to you. It is against the law.

15 That tree makes the house very dark. ~ Very well, I (cut) it down.

16 I've just enrolled at the local technical college. I (attend) pottery classes next winter.

17 How do I get from here to London Bridge? ~ I don't know, but I (ask) that policeman.

18 Why are you carrying a corkscrew?~ I (open) a bottle of wine.

19 Why's he putting the camera on a tripod?~ He (take) a group photo.

20 My brother has just returned from America.~ Oh good, we (ask) him to our next party.

21 Why have you set your alarm to go off at five-thirty?~ Because I (get) up then. I've got a lot to do.

22 I'm turning this cupboard into a darkroom. I (develop) my own films.

23 You look frozen. Sit down by the fire and I (make) you a cup of tea.

24 They've brought a rope and they (tow) the car to a garage.

25 I haven't bought any cigarettes because I (give) up smoking.

26 I have tried to explain but she doesn't understand English. ~ I (say) it to her in Finnish: perhaps she'll understand that.

27 I've come out without any money. ~

Never mind, I (lend) you some. How much do you want?

28 Do you see that car? They (raffle) it for charity.

29 They've hired a bulldozer. They (clear) away this rubble.

30 Child: I've torn my dress. Mother: I (mend) it for you.

31 I'm catching the 6.30 train. ~

So am 1.1 (give) you a lift to the station.

32 I've bought some blue velvet and I (make) curtains for this room.

33 Why are you carrying that saw? ~

I (shorten) the legs of the dining room table.

34 Why are you taking that big basket? ~ I (buy) a lot of vegetables.

35 I've planned my future for the next ten years. ~

That is very clever of you. What you (do) when you leave the university?

36 Why are you putting that old loaf into a paper bag? ~ I (give) it to Mrs Pitt for her hens.


Ex.51 will + infinitive and the be going to form

Both will you and are you going to can introduce questions about future intentions. But will you very often introduces a request or invitation. For this reason are you going to is more usual than will you in questions about intentions, are you going to must of course be used when the intention is obviously premeditated. (See also Exercise 55.)

Put the verbs in brackets into one of these two forms. Where both are possible it will be noted in the key. (In some examples the present continuous tense could be used instead of the be going to form.) The exercise contains requests, invitations, and questions about intentions.

1 You (open) the door for me, please?~ Yes, certainly.

2 You (do) the washing-up tonight? ~ No, I think it can wait till tomorrow.

3 I'm looking for my easel. ~ You (paint) someone's portrait?

4 'You (read) this passage aloud, please,' said the examiner.

5 You (eat) any more of this, or shall I tell the waiter to take it away?

6 You aren't wearing your climbing boots. You (not climb) the mountain with the others?

7 'You (listen) to me!' said his mother angrily.

8 You (put) my car away from me, please?~ Yes, certainly.

9 You (have) another cup of coffee? ~ No, thank you.

10 Why did you buy all these eggs? You (make) an enormous omelette?

11 There's the phone again. Take no notice. ~ You (not answer) it?

12 You (come) and see me after the class? I want to discuss your work with you.

13 I see that you have ordered the Guardian. You really (read) it?

14 You (buy) stamps?-Yes, I am. ~ Then you (buy) some for me, please?

15 You (lend) me your fishing rod? ~ Yes, of course. Where you (fish)?

16 You (finish) this book or shall I take it back to the library?

17 You (give) me Юр, please? --

Yes, here you are. You (make) a telephone call?

18 You (leave) that coil of barbed wire in the hall? Someone will fall over it if you do.

19 You (bath) your dog? ~

Yes, you (help) me?

20 You (drive), please? I don't like driving at night.

21 You (ride) that horse? He looks very bad-tempered to me.

22 You (eat) it raw? You will be ill if you do.

23 You (have) some of this cake? I made it myself.

24 You really (call) the fire brigade? I don't think it is at all necessary.

25 You (paint) the whole room by yourself? It will take you ages.

26 You (be) ready in five minutes?

27 Hostess: John, you (sit) here at the end of the table?

28 You (do) something for me? ~ Yes, of course; what is it?

29 You (be) angry if he refuses to help you?

30 Why have you brought your typewriter? You (work) this weekend?

31 You (call) me at six? I have to catch an early train.

32 You (walk) there in this rain? You'll get awfully wet.

33 You (sign) here, please?

34 What are all those notes for? You (give) a lecture?

35 Why do you want a candle? You (explore) the caves?

36 If I catch some fish, you (cook) them for me?


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