? !

Kinds of Adverb


Manner happily, quickly, fast, bravely, etc.

Place here, near, down, inside, etc.

Time now, still, yet, today, etc.

Frequency often, always, never, twice, etc.

Degree, measure and quantity very, much, hardly, quite, nearly, almost, etc.

Cause & consequences therefore, accordingly, etc.

Interrogative, relative where? When? Why? How?

and conjunctive (to introduce subordinate clauses): when, where, etc.


The majority of adverbs are formed by adding ly to an adjective:

Slow slowly, heavy heavily, beautiful beautifully

But: cozy cozily; terrible terribly; true truly; dramatic dramatically; whole wholly.

The adverbs loud(ly), cheap(ly), quick(ly), slow(ly) are often used without ly in everyday English. When used with ly, they are more formal.

Dont talk so loud(ly). Come as quick(ly) as you can.

The following words end in ly but they are adjectives: friendly, likely, lively, motherly, lonely, lovely, silly, ugly, cowardly,etc. To form their adverbs we use the words in a(n) way(manner).

He is really a very friendly person. He talked to me in a friendly way.


Some of the adjectives can be made into adverbs by adding ly, but in these cases the meaning changes:

Close to: leave little space between, not far: Stay close to me; follow close behind someone.

Closely thoroughly, tightly; in a close manner: He was closely guarded; follow an argument closely.

Direct by the shortest way or without stopping; fly direct to Moscow; without intermediary: I contacted the manager direct.

Directly closely: The matter concerns us directly; exactly: directly opposite.

Easy gently, slowly: Take it easy.

Easily without difficulty: win easily; without doubt: It is easily the best film Ive ever seen; possibly: This could easily be the answer to your question.

Full exactly, very: He was kicked full in the stomach.

Fully completely: She was fully satisfied with her new job.

Free without cost:The admission is free.

Freely willingly, without control: He freely admitted his fault.

Hard strongly,with great effort:work hard, hit hard.

Hardly scarcely, barely: She hardly knew him.

High at a high level/altitude: Prices have risen very high.

Highly very much: I highly appreciate your job.

Last after all others:When did you see him last?

Lastly finally:Id like to thank my teachers, my friends &, lastly, my mom.

Loud in a loud manner (if the verb is not followed by an object, usually with sing, talk, laugh): He always talks so loud. He laughed loud & long.

Loudly to make smth public(usually if the verb is followed by an object): She complained loudly of having to wait. He called loudly for help.

Near close: The hotel is near the airport.

Nearly almost:She is nearly as tall as her father.

Pretty very, rather:pretty difficult, feel pretty well.

Prettily nicely, pleasantly:speak/sing/dress prettily.

Right correctly:do a sum right; completely:read a book right through; well(with go, come, turn out): Things went right at last.

Rightly sensibly, wisely:She very rightly refused; justly:Act rightly towards your neighbours.

Sharp at right angles:turn sharp right/left.

Sharply quickly, abruptly:turn sharply; speak sharply to smb.

Short without finishing:stop short; fall short of the target.

Shortly soon:Shell be arriving shortly.

Wide to the full extend, fully:Open your mouth wide.

Widely to a large extent or degree:differ widely in opinions; over a large area (often in compounds): widely known; travel widely.

Wrong incorrectly:do a sum wrong; badly(with go): Things went badly.

Wrongly mistakenly, unwisely:I think she decided wrongly; unjustly:act wrongly towards ones neighbours.


Any more / any longer / no longer.

We use notany more, not any longer, no longer to say that a situation has changed;

Mr. Smith doesnt work hereany more (any longer).

No longergoes in the middle of the sentence:

We are no longerfriends.


Quite & Rather.

Quite = less than very but more than a little.

Quite goes before a/an: quite a long way.

Rather is similar to quite, but we use after mostly with negative words & negative ideas:

Itsrather cold, so youd better stay at home.

He is quite intelligent butratherlazy.

But:rather nice = usually nice

rather interesting=more interesting than expected



We use even to say something is unusual or surprising.

Evenhis best friend didnt lend him the money.

He cant cook. He cant evenboil an egg.

Even + comparative= even hotter/earlier

Even + if, when, though: Even if you dont phone me, Im sure well see each other soon.


: 2015-09-20; !; : 671 | |




© 2015-2021 lektsii.org - -

: 0.005 .