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THE FIRST WOMAN IN BUSINESS



Государственная итоговая аттестация

По английскому языку

(устно - письменная форма проведения)

ІX, XІ классы

Составители:

Рубанова Т.И. – методист Научно-методического центра развития образования ЛНР

Олейник А.В. – учитель английского языка КУ «Луганская специализированная школа - коллегиум I-III ступеней № 36»

Шарандин А.Е. – директор КУ «Луганский методический центр»

Бочкова Л.Ф. – учитель английского языка КУ «Луганская специализированная школа - коллегиум I-III ступеней № 36», учитель – методист

Никишина Н.Н. – заместитель директора по учебно-воспитательной работе, учитель-методист КУ «Луганский лицей иностранных языков»

ЛУГАНСК

 

Пояснительная записка

Государственная итоговая аттестация по английскому языку в IX классепроводится устно по билетам.

Каждый из 25 билетов содержит два вопроса: первый вопрос-чтение, перевод, пересказ текста по составленному плану (обязательно), составление пяти вопросов разных типов к прочитанному; второй вопрос – говорение.

Первое задание билета направлено на проверку уровня сформированности у учеников умений и навыков чтения, понимания прочитанного текста, умения обобщать содержание прочитанного, выделять ключевые слова и определять значение незнакомых слов по контексту или словообразовательным элементам.

Тексты могут содержать до 5 % незнакомых слов, о значении которых можно догадаться, используя лингвистическую и контекстуальную догадку, опираясь на сюжетную линию, и 2 % незнакомых слов, которые не препятствуют пониманию текста вообще.

Второе задание проверяет уровень сформированности навыков и умений говорения.

Ответ учеников проходит в форме беседы-диалога с членами аттестационной комиссии (с элементами монологического сообщения).

Во время проведения аттестации по английскому языку пользоваться словарями и дополнительной литературой не разрешается.

Государственная итоговая аттестация по английскому языку в XI классепроводится устно по билетам

Каждый из 25 билетов содержит два вопроса: первый вопрос-чтение, перевод, пересказ текста, составление пяти вопросов разных типов к прочитанному; второй вопрос – говорение.

Первое задание билета направлено на проверку уровня сформированности у учеников умений и навыков чтения, понимания прочитанного текста, умения обобщать содержание прочитанного, выделять ключевые слова и определять значение незнакомых слов по контексту или словообразовательным элементам.

Тексты могут содержать до 5% незнакомых слов, о значении которых можно догадаться, используя лингвистическую и контекстуальную догадку, опираясь на сюжетную линию, и 2% незнакомых слов, которые не препятствуют пониманию текста вообще.

Второе задание проверяет уровень сформированности навыков и умений говорения.

Ответ учеников проходит в форме беседы-диалога с членами аттестационной комиссии (с элементами монологического сообщения).

Во время проведения аттестации по английскому языку пользоваться словарями и дополнительной литературой не разрешается.

 

IX класс

Билет № 1

1. Прочитайте, переведите, перескажите и задайте пять вопросов разных типов к тексту.

ALEXIS ELLS’S DREAM

From the time she was a small child, Alexis Ells remembers rescuing injured animals and bringing them home for care.

“Healing has always been innate to me,” says Ells. “It’s been a calling, a passion. I was one of those blessed people who always knew what I wanted to do.”

By continuing to follow this innate passion, Ells is fulfilling her life’s dream as the founder of the Equine Sanctuary, a non-profit organization that rescues, rehabilitates, and re-trains injured performance horses that can no longer compete.

Ells says reaching her dream meant facing life’s inevitable uncertainties and taking action now, not later.

“So many people are waiting for that perfect moment,” she says. But “that right moment never shows up. We have to create that moment. Our destiny isn’t about fate, it’s about a choice.”

Ells’s life has been fraught with great challenges, including a serious illness and a car accident in 1988 that ended her competitive riding career and left her with a serious brain injury. But she believes her success is built on her attitude that being challenged in life is inevitable; being defeated is optional.

“I think it’s about perception and perspective,” she says. “If you give yourself the freedom to know that anything is possible, and you keep having faith, belief, and perseverance despite the odds, you will eventually arrive at the top of the mountain.”

Takenfrom National Geographic

 

2. Говорение.

Вас попросили подготовить реферат о важнейших изобретениях 20 века. Расскажите своим товарищам: -​ какое изобретение Вы считаете самым главным; -​ какими устройствами Вы часто пользуетесь и для чего; -​ почему людям трудно обойтись без компьютеров и мобильных телефонов. You were asked to prepare a report about the most important inventions of the 20th century/ Tell your friends: -​ what invention you consider the most important; -​ what devices you often use and what for; -​ why it is difficult for people to do without computers and mobile phones.

 

Билет № 2

1. Прочитайте, переведите, перескажите и задайте пять вопросов разных типов к тексту.

THE GIANT PANDA

An endangered species, the giant panda can only be found in the mountain bamboo forests of Western China. There are only about 1,000 wild giant pandas left in the world. Giant pandas are members of the bear family, and they are mammals. Even though giant pandas look just like bears, they certainly do not behave like bears. Unlike their meat-eating relatives, giant pandas are vegetarians for the most part of their time. Their favourite food is bamboo. Giant pandas must eat a lot of bamboo everyday to get enough nourishment. In fact, they spend at least 12 hours everyday eating about 33 pounds of bamboo. However, if they are extremely hungry and bamboo is nowhere to be found, giant pandas may eat grass, fruits, or sometimes, small animals like chicken.

Giant pandas do not live in groups. They are loners! They only leave their territory from March to May to look for a mate. Female giant pandas usually give birth to twins. Baby giant pandas are very small, blind, pinkish, and weigh about 5 ounces at birth. Strangely, mother giant pandas tend to choose to raise just one baby and leave the other to die. Mother giant pandas feed their babies with milk. A baby giant panda opens its eyes at six to seven weeks. It starts to learn how to walk when it is about three or four months old. Mother giant pandas look after their babies for about 18 months. Once the young is strong enough, it bids farewell to its mother and moves out to live independently.

HELPdesk.com

 

2. Говорение.

В Ваш класс пришел новый ученик, который интересуется музыкой. Расскажите ему: -​ почему музыка является видом искусства; -​ какой музыкальный стиль вы предпочитаете ; -​ кто ваш любимый певец или группа и почему. A new pupil who is interested in music has come to your class.Tell him: -​ whether music is an art; -​ what music style you prefer ; -​ who your favourite singer or group is; why.

 

Билет № 3

1. Прочитайте, переведите, перескажите и задайте пять вопросов разных типов к тексту.

THE MUSICAL GLASS

Mary Elizabeth loved music. She was happy when she heard lovely sounds. She waited to hear the birds sing outside her window in the spring. She listened for the cricket's song when she swept the hearth in her mother's kitchen. The horses passing her papa's store made a "clip clop" sound. That was a song to Mary Elizabeth. These songs made her heart fill with joy.

Mary Elizabeth had only one wish. She wanted to make music on her own. She couldn't sing very well. Her brother, Matthew, had said, "You sound like the cat when Nana stepped on its tail." She loved music so much. Why couldn't she make music on her own?

Mary Elizabeth knew where to go when she was sad. Her Uncle Ben Franklin could always make her smile. Best of all, Uncle Ben loved music just like Mary Elizabeth. One morning, Mary Elizabeth stood outside Uncle Ben's workshop. She could hear him humming to himself. She knew something fun was going to happen. She opened the door and saw Uncle Ben at his work table. Oh, no! What had happened? Broken glasses were everywhere. There were big glasses, little glasses, and middle sized glasses spread out on his table. Wait a minute. Only the stems that held the glasses up were broken off. What was Uncle Ben doing? Uncle Ben saw the puzzled look on Mary Elizabeth's face. "Come, little songbird," he said. "I will show you how we can make beautiful music. We will use what is broken. We can turn it into something good."

by Jane Runyon

 

2. Говорение.

Представьте себе, что Вы – участник международной конференции, посвященной роли Интернета в жизни человека. Расскажите: -​ почему Интернет так популярен в современном мире; -​ как Интернет может помочь учащимся в процессе обучения в школе; -​ может ли Интернет быть опасен, почему. Imagine that you are taking part in the international conference on the topic “The role of the Internet in people’s life”. Tell: -​ why Internet activities are so popular; -​ how the Internet can help students in their studies; -​ whether the Internet can be dangerous; why.

 

Билет № 4

1. Прочитайте, переведите, перескажите и задайте пять вопросов разных типов к тексту.

THE FIRST WOMAN IN BUSINESS

At the start of the twentieth century the idea of women in business seemed crazy. In those days men held all the positions of power and made all the decisions about money. They believed that a woman` s place was at home, looking after her children, cooking for her family and managing the house. If a woman needed to work she could perhaps find a job in a shop or in a factory, but she had no chance of working as a businesswoman or a banker, or a lawyer.

Women` s fashions in the USA and Europe at that time supported their position in society. Fashionable women wore long dresses that almost touched the ground. This made it difficult for them to drive a car, ride a horse or even walk quickly.

But many women were not happy with their position in society, and they didn’t like the clothes they had to wear. One of those people was a French woman called Gabrielle ‘Coco’ Chanel. When she went into business in 1910, she planned to change clothes that women wore. But over the next sixty years she did much more than that, as she became the richest and the most successful businesswoman.

Coco Chanel had no experience of business when she opened her first hat shop in Paris in 1910. She was only twenty-seven years old and she came from an ordinary family. Many of Coco’s customers in her first shop were her young women friends. They loved the simple but beautiful hats and dresses that Coco made for them, and soon her shop started to do well.

David Evance

 

2. Говорение.

Представьте себе, что Вы готовитесь к конференции по вопросам языковой политики. Расскажите: -​ почему, по Вашему мнению, английский язык становится таким важным; -​ сколько языков Вы бы хотели изучать. Какие? -​ с какими проблемами сталкиваются люди при изучении языков. Imagine you are preparing for taking part in the conference on the language policy. Tell: -​ why the English language is becoming so important; -​ how many languages you would like to learn; what they would be; -​ what problems people face while learning the languages.

 

Билет № 5

1. Прочитайте, переведите, перескажите и задайте пять вопросов разных типов к тексту.

In the 21st century, our need for energy is greater than it has ever been. Fossil fuels like coal, oil and gas were formed millions of years ago, and when power stations burn them to create electricity, they release harmful gases into the atmosphere. There may be enough coal to last for a few hundred years, but known oil and gas reserves will run out in less than 50 years - and then what will we do?

Many scientists suggest turning to renewable energy, which means sources of energy that will never run out. It can be produced using the wind, the sun, waves or hot springs. The wind can turn large turbines to produce electricity, while energy from the sun can be collected in panels and stored in batteries. The movement of the sea can also be changed into electrical energy by using wave machines and, in parts of the world where there is volcanic activity, hot springs can produce geothermal energy. Unlike nuclear power, these are safe sources of energy that don’t pollute the environment.

Our dependence on fossil fuels has to end soon. Let’s hope that by the time all the reserves are gone, there will be enough alternative sources of efficient energy available. In the meantime, why don’t we try to reduce the amount of energy that we use?

 

2. Говорение.

К Вам в класс пришел новый мальчик, который увлекается чтением книг. Расскажите ему: -​ о роли книг в жизни человека; -​ какие книги Вы предпочитаете читать; -​ о своей любимой книге. A new pupil who is fond of reading has come to your class. Tell him: -​ about the role of books in people’s life; -​ what books you prefer; -​ what your favourite book is.

 

Билет № 6

1. Прочитайте, переведите, перескажите и задайте пять вопросов разных типов к тексту.

Coca-Cola is probably the world’s best-known taste, and was the first truly global brand. Dr.JohnStith Pemberton, a pharmacist from Atlanta, Georgia, invented the drink. He mixed the Coca-Cola syrup, which was combined with carbonated water to make a popular soda fountain drink, in the local Jacob’s Pharmacy.

The first customers, who paid a hand​some 5 cents a glass, pronounced the drink to be “excellent,” “delicious and refreshing.”

Dr. Pemberton’s partner and book-keeper, Frank M. Robinson, suggested the pro​duct’s unusual name and wrote it down in his florid handwriting, feeling that the “two C’s would look well in advertising.” The first advertisement for the drink appeared in the Atlanta Journal, and handpainted oilcloth signs indicated which soda fountains offered the product. This was just the first step in a fantastic co-operation between the brand and advertising, which has made the trademark universally recognized.

A continuous stream of slogans have entered the collective consciousness, from “Drink Coca​Cola” in 1886, the iconic “I’d Like to Teach the World to Sing” television advertisement of 1971, right up to the simple assertion “Real” of today’s campaign.

 

2. Говорение.

Вас попросили подготовить сообщение о кино как виде искусства. Расскажите: -​ почему кино является видом искусства; -​ какие жанры фильмов существуют; -​ о своем любимом фильме. You were asked to prepare a report about cinema as an art. Tell: -​ why cinema is an art; -​ what kinds of films exist nowadays; -​ what your favourite film is

 

Билет № 7

1. Прочитайте, переведите, перескажите и задайте пять вопросов разных типов к тексту.

NATIONAL TOM SAWYER DAYS

What do Tom Sawyer and jumping frogs have in common? Stories about both of them were created by one man: Mark Twain. Born Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain was his pen name), Twain was 4 when his family moved to Hannibal, Missouri, located on the west bank of the Mississippi. Twain grew up there and was fascinated with life along the river -- the steamboats, the giant lumber rafts, and the people who worked on them.

"The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County" is one of Twain's best-loved short stories, and The Adventures of Tom Sawyer is one of his most famous novels. Both these works are celebrated by events held during National Tom Sawyer Days every fourth of July. The boy in the photo entered his frog in the jumping contest. There's also a fence-painting contest to see who can paint the fastest. The idea for this contest comes from a scene in Tom Sawyer, in which Tom has been told to paint the fence in front of the house he lives in. It's a beautiful day, and he would rather be doing anything else. As his friends walk by, he convinces them it's fun to paint, and they join in the "fun." By the end of the day, the fence has three coats of paint!

Although the story of Tom Sawyer is fiction, it's based on fact. If you go to Hannibal, you'll see the white fence, which still stands at Twain's boyhood home.

 

2. Говорение.

Вы встретились со своим другом и хотите обсудить свой последний поход за покупками. Расскажите: -​ какие типы магазинов существуют; -​ что должен включать лист покупок обычной семьи; -​ о своем последнем походе за покупками You met your friend and would like to discuss your last shopping experience. Tell: -​ what types of shops exist nowadays; -​ what a shopping list for a typical family should include; -​ what shopping experience you've got .

 

Билет № 8

1. Прочитайте, переведите, перескажите и задайте пять вопросов разных типов к тексту.





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