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Number of Teenagers with Saturday Job Drops



The number of teenagers with Saturday jobs has dropped. Young people do not acquire any experience for their CVs – a crucial step towards getting full-time work. The proportion of teenagers combining part-time jobs with school or college has slumped from 40% in the 1990s to around 20% now, according to the UK Commission for Employment and Skills (UKCES), a government agency. Latest figures show that only 1__________ in 1997.

The trend is not just recession-related, but the result of an increasing expectation 2____________ well as a falling number of Saturday jobs, according to the report. Many of the jobs that young people do, such as bar work, are in long-term decline, and are forecast to decline further over the next decade.

"Recruiters place significant emphasis on experience … 3_________," the report says. Word of mouth is the most common way to get a job, 4____________ young people are unable to build up informal contacts, it adds.

Ms. Todd, a commissioner at the UKCES, said: "There's more emphasis on doing well at school, young people are finding less time to do what they would have done a few years ago. "I think it's also the changing structure of the labour market. Retail is still a big employer, 5_______________. As a consequence, we need to think about how we get young people the work experience they need."

A new initiative to send employees 6_______________ to talk about their careers was also launched recently. The scheme, Inspiring the Future, is meant to give state schoolchildren access to the kind of careers advice that private schools offer. The deputy prime minister said: "The power of making connections 7_____________ and can be life-changing."

 

A) that young people should stay on at school, as

B) that inspire young people is immeasurable

C) but an increasing shortage of work experience means

D) but a lot more of it is being done online

E) 260,000 teenagers have a Saturday job compared with 435,000

F) that it was researching the system of funding education after 16

G) but young people are leaving education increasingly less experienced

H) into state schools

 

             

Задание 2. Напишите 5 вопросов разных типов к тексту задания 1. Перенесите готовые вопросы в Бланк для ответов.

______________________________________________________

Задание 3. Лексико-грамматический тест.

Заполните пропуски, обозначенные номерами 1–7. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 1–7, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов (A, B, C, D)Занесите букву правильной подстановки в таблицу.

Перенесите готовые ответы в Бланк для ответов.

Cathy

Cathy spent many hours during her lunch breaks poking around the dress shops before she bought the appropriate outfit for the Trumpers’ housewarming party. Her final 1_______________ was a sunflower yellow dress which the shop assistant described as suitable for a cocktail party. Cathy became fearful at the last minute that its lack of length might be too daring for such a grand 2____________ . But when Simon came to pick her up his immediate comment was “You’ll be a sensation.” His assurance made her feel more confident.

3_____________, she forgot all her doubts the moment the butler invited them inside. While others drank champagne and helped themselves from the trays of canapés, she 4________________her attention to pictures.

First came a Courbet, a still life of magnificent rich reds, oranges and greens; then a Picasso of two doves surrounded by pink blossoms. She 5________________ looking at them but she gasped when she first saw the Sisley, a stretch of the Seine with every paintof pastel shading being made to count.

“That’s my favourite,” said a voice from behind her. Cathy turned to see a tall, dark-haired young man give her a grin that must have made many people return his smile.

“Quite beautiful,” she 6____________. “When I was younger I used to try and paint a little myself, and it was Sisley who finally convinced me I shouldn’t bother.”

“Good heavens,” the young man said. “An expert in our presence.” Cathy smiled 7____________her new companion. “Let’s have a look at some more works in the upper corridor.”

1) A) choice B) selection C) preference D) option

2) A) accident B) incident C) occurrence D) occasion

3) A) Otherwise B) However C) Nevertheless D) Although

4) A) drew B) kept C) turned D) paid

5) A) pleased B) enjoyed C) amused D) entertained

6) A) approved B) accepted C) admired D) admitted

7) A) at B) to C) on D) of

 

             

 

Задание 4. Письменное высказывание: напишите краткую заметку в молодежный журнал.

Перенесите готовое задание в Бланк для ответов.

 

Comment on the following statement

Some people think that extreme sports help to build character.

What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?

Write 100–140 words.

Use the following plan:

- make an introduction (state the problem)

- express your personal opinion and give 2–3 reasons for your opinion

- make a conclusion restating your position.

Вариант ХХХХ

Задание 1. Чтение.

Установите соответствие между заголовками A - H и текстами 1–7. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

Перенесите ответы в Бланк для ответов.

 

1) The Salem Witch Museum brings you back to Salem of 1692 for a dramatic overview of the Witch Trials, including stage sets with life-size figures, lighting and a narration. There is also a possibility to go on a candlelight tour to four selected homes. The museum is open all year round and closed on Thanksgiving, Christmas and New Year’s Day. Salem is also famous for its Haunted Happenings, a 24-day Halloween festival.

2) The Discover Sea Shipwreck Museum opened its doors in 1995, and has one of the largest collections of shipwreck and recovered artifacts in the Mid-Atlantic. It contains about 10,000 artifacts from local and worldwide locations, including an intact blown-glass hourglass from a 200-year-old shipwreck, which is also the world's deepest wooden wreck at the heart of the Bermuda Triangle.

3) The Seashore Trolley Museum is the oldest and largest electric railway museum in the world. It was founded in 1939 with one open trolley car, No. 31 from the Biddeford & Saco Railroad Company. The Seashore Trolley Museum contains over 250 transit vehicles, mostly trolleys, from the United States, Canada and abroad. Visitors can even take a trip along the Maine countryside aboard a restored early-1900s electric streetcar.

4) American Hop Museum is dedicated to the brewing industry and located in the heart of the Yakima Valley's hop fields, which gather the best harvest for producing beer. It chronicles the American hop industry from the New England colonies to its expansion into California and the Pacific Northwest, and includes historical equipment, photos and artifacts that pay tribute to hop, the everlasting vine that is still an integral part of the brewing industry.

5) The Money Museum in Colorado Springs is America's largest museum dedicated to numismatics (the study of collecting coins and metals). The collection contains over 250,000 items from the earliest invention of money to modern day, with items including paper money, coins, tokens, medals, and traditional money from all over the world. Highlights include the 1804 dollar, the 1913 V Nickel, the 1866 no motto series, a comprehensive collection of American gold coins, and experimental pattern coins and paper money.

6) The Kenneth G. Fiske Museum of Musical Instruments in California has one of the most diverse collections of musical instruments in the United States. This museum is home to over 1,400 American, European and ethnic instruments from the 17th–20th centuries. Selections from all parts of the world also include keyboards, brass, woodwind, stringed, percussion, mechanical and electronic instruments. Other highlights are rare pieces from the violin and viola families, reed organs and instruments from the Orient and Tibet.

7) The Hammer Museum in Alaska is the world’s first museum dedicated to hammers. The Museum provides a view of the past through the use of man’s first tool. You will find over 1500 hammers on display, ranging from ancient times to the present. The museum does not have any paid staff, and it is run by volunteers. This quaint and quirky museum is an interesting and informative stop for the whole family.

 

A) Back from the seas

B) A museum of popular drinks

C) Magic as attraction

D) One tool museum

E) Not a bank but …

F) Still moving along

G) A brand new shore museum

H) To play any tune

 

             

 

Задание 2. Напишите 5 вопросов разных типов к тексту/мини-тексту задания 1.

Перенесите готовые вопросы в Бланк для ответов.

__________________________________________________________________________

Задание 3. Лексико-грамматический тест.

Заполните пропуски, обозначенные номерами 1–7. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 1–7, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов (A, B, C, D)Перенесите букву правильной подстановки в таблицу.

Перенесите ответы в Бланк для ответов.

Philip and Michael

Philip Masters was a millionaire now. 1___________, everyone in the club was aware that he had built up his own business from scratch after he had left his first job as a kitchen salesman. “Ready-Fit Kitchens” had started in a shed at the end of Philip’s garden. Later, he 2______________ in building a factory on the other side of town that employed more than three hundred people.

Ten years later, the financial press speculated that Philip’s business was worth a couple of million. When five more years later the company was taken over by the John Lewis Partnership, Philip got seventeen million pounds. 3____________ businessmen were as lucky as he was.

Philip was married for more than twenty years. He had fallen in love with Sally at first 4__________________. Now Sally was chairman of the regional branch of the Save the Children Fund. Their son had just won a place at St Anne’s College, Oxford. Michael was the boy’s godfather.

Michael Gilmour could 5______________ be a greater contrast. On leaving school, where Philip had been his closest friend, he 6_______________ to find a permanent job. He started out as a trainee with Watneys, but lasted only a few months. Then he started to work as a reporter with a publishing company. He drifted from job to job. 7_____________ Philip, he married his childhood sweetheart, Carol West, the daughter of a local doctor. They had a daughter. Michael seemed to have settled down at last.

 

1.A) Therefore B) Moreover C) However D) Although

2.A) fulfilled B) succeeded C) managed D) achieved

3.A) Little B) Many C) Much D) Few

4.A) view B) sight C) look D) glimpse

5.A) simply B) nearly C) hardly D) merely

6.A) lacked B) missed C) failed D) lost

7.A) Like B) Alike C) Familiar D) Similar

             

Задание 4.Письменное высказывание: напишите краткую заметку в школьную газету.

Перенесите готовое задание в Бланк для ответов.

Comment on the following statement.

Some people think that young people should follow in their parents' footsteps when choosing a profession.

What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?

Write100 – 140 words.

Use the following plan:

- make an introduction (state the problem)

- express your personal opinion and give 2–3 reasons for your opinion

- make a conclusion restating your position.

-

Вариант ХХХХ

Задание 1. Чтение.

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски 1–7 частями предложений, обозначенными буквами A–H. Одна из частей в списке А–H лишняя. Занесите букву, обозначающую соответствующую часть предложения, в таблицу.

Перенесите ответы в Бланк для ответов.

Speed of Eating is 'Key to Obesity'

If you eat very quickly, it may be enough to increase your risk of being overweight, research suggests.

Osaka University scientists looked at the eating habits of 3,000 people. Just about half of them told researchers that they 1___________. Compared with those who did not eat quickly, fast-eating men were 84% more likely to be overweight, and women were 100% more likely to 2_______________.

Japanese scientists said that there were a number of reasons why eating fast 3________________. They said it could prevent the work of a signalling system which tells your brain to stop eating because your stomach is full. They said: "If you eat quickly you basically fill your stomach before the system has a chance to react, so you 4__________________."

The researchers also explained that a mechanism that helps make us fat today, developed with evolution and helped people get more food in the periods when 5_____________. The scientists added that the habit of eating fast could be received from one's parents genes or 6________________.

They said that, if possible, children should be taught to7____________, and allowed to stop when they felt full up at mealtimes. "The advice of our grandmothers about chewing everything 20 times might be true - if you take a bit more time eating, it could have a positive influence on your weight."

A.just overfill your stomach

B.could be bad for your weight

C.have a habit of eating quickly

D.linked to obesity

E.eat as slowly as possible

F.put on weight

G.learned at a very early age

H.they were short of it

 

             

 

Задание 2. Напишите 5 вопросов разных типов к тексту задания 1. Перенесите готовые вопросы в Бланк для ответов.

__________________________________________________________________________

Задание 3. Лексико-грамматический тест.

Заполните пропуски, обозначенные номерами 1–7. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 1–7, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов (A, B, C, D)Перенесите букву правильной подстановки в таблицу.

Перенесите ответы в Бланк для ответов.

The Prize

William and Philippa were rivals. They were considered the best students at New College.

At the beginning of the third year they applied for the Charles Oldham Shakespeare prize for an essay. The chosen theme for the prize essay that year was “Satire in Shakespeare”.

Troilus and Cressida clearly called for the most attention, but both students 1_________________ to find satirical nuances in almost every play by Shakespeare. As the year was coming to an end, 2_____________ anyone doubted that either William or Philippa would win the prize while the other would come in second. 3________________, no one was willing to express an opinion as to who the victor would be.

Before the prize essay submission date, they both had to take their final degree examinations. 4_________________ students studied as hard as William and Philippa. It came as no surprise to anyone that they both achievedfirst-class degrees in the final honors school. Rumor spread around the university that the two rivals had been awarded аs in every one of their nine papers.

“I would be willing to believe that is the case,” Philippa 5____________ William. “But I feel I must point out to you that there is a considerable difference between an A-plus and an A-minus.”

“I couldn’t agree with you more,” said William. “But 6_____________, when you discover who has won the Charles Oldham, you will know who was awarded less.”

It turned 7____________ that the examiners felt unable on this occasion to award the prize to one person and had therefore decided that it should be shared by William and Philippa.

 

1. A) described B) achieved C) managed D) fullfilled

2. A) merely B) nearly C) closely D) hardly

3. A) Although B) Therefore C) Moreover D) However

4. A) Many B) Much C) Few D) Little

5. A) spoke B) told C) said D) talked

6. A) remember B) remind C) repeat D) recollect

7. A) over B) on C) out D) off

             

 

Задание 4.Письменное высказывание: напишите письмо в молодежную газету.

Перенесите готовое письмо в Бланк для ответов.

Comment on the following statement.

Some people think that learning foreign languages is a waste of time and money.

What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?

 

Write100 – 140 words.

Use the following plan:

- make an introduction (state the problem)

- express your personal opinion and give 2–3 reasons for your opinion

- make a conclusion restating your position.


 

Вариант ХХХХ

Задание 1. Чтение.

Установите соответствие между заголовкамиA–Н и текстами 1–7. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую буквутолько один раз.В задании один заголовоклишний.

Перенесите ответы в Бланк для ответов.

 

A. Shades make difference E. Deceiving likeness
B. Recipes for all tastes F. Secrets of storing for better taste
C. Secrets of popularity G. From fields to tables
D. Element of culture H. From local use to international trade

 

1. The first mentioning of coffee goes as far back as the ninth century. At first, coffee remained largely confined to Ethiopia, where its native beans were first cultivated. But the Arab world began expanding its trade horizons, and the beans moved into northern Africa and were mass-produced. From there, the beans entered the Indian and European markets, and the popularity of the beverage spread.
2. While processing, a coffee bean absorbs heat, and the color shifts from green to yellow and then to varying shades of brown. Depending on the color, the beans are labeled from light to very dark. Darker beans are generally smoother, because they have less fiber content and the flavor is more sugary. Lighter beans have more caffeine, which result in a slight bitterness, and a stronger flavor.
3. Coffee is one of the world's most widely consumed beverages. People often have it in the morning, when they feel tired or want to stay awake in the evening. Many office workers take a coffee break when they have low energy. It happens because coffee contains caffeine, a bitter, white crystalline chemical that has a vitalizing effect in humans.
4. For the best quality of brewed coffee it is necessary to buy whole beans and grind them before brewing. If you keep an open package of beans in the freezer it remains fresh for a month. Ground coffee should be used up within two weeks and also kept in a tightly closed container in the refrigerator. But an absolutely fresh coffee can be made from green beans that just need to be roasted first.
5. For occasions when one wants to enjoy the flavor of coffee with almost no stimulation, decaffeinated coffee is available. It is processed from beans while they are still green by either soaking beans in hot water or steaming them. Decaffeinated coffee usually loses some flavor over regular coffee, but it looks the same and can easily mislead inexperienced users by its smell and even taste.
6. The Adoption of coffee created a unique social atmosphere that depends heavily upon coffee, espresso in particular. Coffeehouses, the places where people can get together, have traditionally been used not only for drinking coffee, but also as artistic and intellectual centers. For examples cafes of Paris which are popular tourist attractions because they are also associated with artists, intellectuals and writers.
7. A coffee bean is the seed of the coffee plant, which ripens around eight months after the emergence of the flower, by changing color from green to red, and they should be harvested. In most countries, the coffee crop is picked by hand. After this coffee beans are wet processed and then dried. Finally the last layers of dry skin are removed; the beans are sorted by size and density, roasted and sold to consumers throughout the world.
             

 

Задание 2. Напишите 5 вопросов разных типов к тексту/мини-тексту задания 1.

Перенесите готовые вопросы в Бланк для ответов.

__________________________________________________________________________

 

Задание 3. Лексико-грамматический тест.

Заполните пропуски, обозначенные номерами 1–7. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям 1–7, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов (A, B, C, D).Занесите букву правильной подстановки в таблицу.

Перенесите ответы в Бланк для ответов.

Pierre and Faniry

At the age of twenty-one, Pierre – that was the name of the winegrower – had been sent by his father to spend some time with his uncle in Madagascar. He 1______________ at the island and within two weeks he fell for a local girl called Faniry, or "Desire" in Malagasy. You could not blame him. At seventeen she was ravishing. In the Malagasy sunlight her skin was golden. Her black, waist-length hair, which hung straight beside her cheeks, framed large, fathomless eyes. It was a genuine love at first 2______________, for both of them. Within five months they were married. Faniry had no family, but Pierre's parents came out from France for the wedding, even though they did not strictly 3_____________of it, and for three years the young couple lived very happily on the island of Madagascar.

Then, one day, a telegram came from France. Pierre's parents and his only brother had been killed in a car crash. Pierre took the next flight home to4____________ the funeral and manage the vineyard left by his father. Faniry followed two weeks later. Pierre was grief-stricken, but with Faniry he 5_________ down to running the vineyard. His family, and the lazy, idyllic days under a tropical sun, were gone forever. But he was very happily married, and he was very well-off. Perhaps, he reasoned, life in Bordeaux would not be so bad. Pierre thought he had married an angel, but soon he found 6_______ that he was wrong. He had 7_____________ a fatal mistake in marrying Faniry.

 

1. A) reached B) arrived C) got D) came

2. A) sight B) view C) look D) gaze

3. A) admit B) agree C) approve D) accept

4. A) attain B) attend C) appear D) apply

5. A) stayed B) lodged C) dwelled D) settled

6. A) out B) over C) of D) in

7. A) done B) set C) made D) put

 

             

 

Задание 4.Письменное высказывание: напишите письмо в школьную газету.

Перенесите готовое письмо в Бланк для ответов.

Comment on the following statement.

Some people think that you can have only one true friend.

What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?

Write 100 – 140 words.

Use the following plan:

− make an introduction (state the problem)

− express your personal opinion and give 2–3 reasons for your opinion

− make a conclusion restating your position.





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