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Make the sentences with regular and irregular verbs negative and interrogative.




1. I worked as a waiter last summer. 2. The chef cooked a delicious dish. 3. She usually spent her weekend at home. 4. They paid the bill yesterday. 5. My parents were on vacation last month. 6. The choice of food and drinks was fantastic. 7. I won the game. 8. My friend rang earlier. 9. She had breakfast at six. 10. I took some photos. 11. The train left on time. 12. The car came out of a side road. 13. Monica went to the theatre on Friday. 14. I knew the problem. 15. It began to rain two hours ago. 16. He drove home. 17. The house caught fire. 18. Sue made a lot of mistakes in the test. 19. They saw an interesting film last night. 20. I did my homework yesterday. 21. The dog ate my breakfast.

6. Put special questions to the italicized words.

A. 1. Mrs. Gross was very busy last Saturday. ……………...

2. She did all her housework. ………………………………..

3. She fixed breakfast at 7 o’clock. ………………………….

4. After breakfast she washed the dishes. ……………………

5. Then she dried them. …………………………...…………

6. In the morning she cleaned the house. ……………………

7. Then she vacuumed the rug. ………………………………

8. After that she dusted the furniture. ………………………..

9. She cooked dinner for the family. …………………………………………………...

10. In the afternoon she washed the clothes. …………………………………………..

11. Then she ironed and them. …………………………………………………………

12. She was very tired in the evening……………………………………………….….

B. 1. Marcella came to the party. …………………………………………………..…

2. I took my dog for a walk. ……………………………………………………………

3. I slept well. ………………………………………………………………………..…

4. Sam and Jane went to school. ……………………………………….………………

5. Mother Teresa got the Nobel prize. ……………………………….………………..

6. Rob gave me the answer. …………………………………………..……………..…

7. Mr. Collins paid the bill. ………………………………….……………………..…..

8. The boy broke the vase. ……………………………………….………………...…..

9. Your sister bought you a present yesterday. ………………….……………………..

10. We ate pizza for dinner. ……………………………………………………..……..

11. He read this book last month. ……………………………….………………..……

12. We met at a supermarket 10 days ago…………………………...…………………

7. Open the brackets using Past simple.

1. Michael (get up)at 8.30 last Tuesday. 2. First thing he (clean) his teeth and (shave). 3. But he (be not) very careful and (cut) his face. 4. Then he (take) a cold shower because there (be not) any hot water. 5. After the shower he (walk) into the bedroom and (put on) his favorite suit. 6. Then he (go) into the kitchen. 7. He (read) the newspaper, (eat) his breakfast and (drink) some coffee. 8. Then he (spill) the coffee all over his favorite suit. 9. Michael (be) very upset. 10. He (change) his clothes and (drive) to work. 11. On his way he (get) stuck in the traffic jam. 12. When he (arrive) in the office it (be) already late. 13. So his boss (shout) at him. 14. What a terrible morning it (be)!

 


Answer the questions to speak about your birthday party.

 

Where did you celebrate your birthday?

Whom did you invite?

What food did you buy for your birthday party?

What did you cook?

What did you drink?

What did you do at the party?

 

Translate the sentences.

1. В прошлом месяце Моника и Лэрри были в отпуске. 2. Погода была чудесной, и океан был очень теплым. 3. Они остановились в прекрасном отеле, там были бассейн и частный пляж. 4. Маленький испанский ресторан Casa Pedro был одним из лучших мест, где можно поесть в городе. 5. Ресторан был очень популярен среди туристов, и там всегда было многолюдно. 6. Обслуживание было хорошим, повар – великолепным, и официанты были всегда готовы придти на помощь. 7. Еда было свежей и вкусной. 8. Выбор блюд и напитков был фантастическим. 9. Они обычно заказывали салат из листьев салата, огурцов, помидоров, моркови, и лука на закуску. 10. Лэрри также понравилась пицца с баклажаном, помидором, чесноком, базиликом и сыром. 11. В последний день своего пребывания они решили взять лобстера, фаршированного сыром и ветчиной, с печеным картофелем. 12. Лобстер был очень вкусным. 13. На десерт они ели пирожные и пили зеленый чай. 14. Они оба были чрезвычайно довольны.


 

UNIT 7

ALICE ASHTON’S TRAVEL WEBLOG

I. LISTENING AND READING

Listen to the text

Read and translate the text

ALICE ASHTON’S TRAVEL WEBLOG

During my 35 years as a travel writer, I have visited more countries than I can count. I have backpacked through Asia, I have cycled through Europe, I have driven across Africa, but I have never explored my own home, Australia. So the time has come to put this right. Over the next ten days I am planning to explore Australia with my two grandchildren. They, unlike me, want to get to know their own country before they start exploring the rest of the world. Here is a diary of our travels and adventures.

 

DAY 1. We have done a walking tour of Adelaide, the capital city of South Australia and a big seaport. We have seen a lot of historical buildings and have admired their colonial architecture.

DAY 2. We have taken a boat trip around Discovery Bay.

DAY 3. We have explored numerous caves and grottos near Cape York.

DAY 4. We have rafted on the Broken River. It has been very exciting.

DAY 5. We have visited a thermal reserve and have seen a few spectacular geysers.

DAY 6. We have hiked through a canyon and have seen a number of waterfalls.

DAY 7. We have been guests at the campfire of an Aboriginal community. We have learned a lot of interesting things about their lifestyle and culture.

DAY 8. We have seen a mob of kangaroos. They are incredibly cute.

DAY 9. In the last 8 days, we have seen and done some amazing things. But nothing compares to the famous Uluru – the largest rock monolith in the world. I have heard about the wonderful changes in the color of the Rock, but until you see it yourself, it's impossible to imagine.

DAY 10. We have just crossed the desert to the modern town of Alice Springs. We are going to miss all the friends we have made and all the places we have visited.

 

II. NOTES

 

Asia ['eɪʃə] Азия
Europe ['juərəp] Европа
Africa ['æfrɪkə] Африка
South Australia [sauθ ɔs'treɪlɪə] Южная Австралия
Adelaide ['ædəleɪd] Аделаида
Discovery Bay [dɪs'kʌvərɪ beɪ] залив Дискавери
Cape York [keɪp 'jɔːk] мыс Йорк
Broken river ['brəukən 'rɪvə] река Брокен
Uluru [ʊ'lʊəruː] Улуру
Alice Springs ['ælɪs sprɪŋz] Элис Спрингз

 

III. VOCABULARY

 

1. to count[kaunt] I have visited more countries than I can count. считать Я посетила больше стран, чем могу сосчитать.
2. to backpack ['bækpæk] совершать пешие походы с рюкзаком
3. through [θruː] I have backpacked through Asia. по, через Я прошла с рюкзаком всю Азию.
4. to cycle['saɪkl] I have cycledthrough Europe. ездить на велосипеде Я проехала на велосипеде всю Европу.
5. across[ə'krɔs] I have driven across Africa. через, от края до края Я проехала через всю Африку.
6. to explore[ɪk'splɔː] I have never explored Australia. исследовать Я никогда не исследовала Австралию.
7. to get to know smb/smth узнать (получить представление о к-л/ ч-л)
8. own[əun] собственный
9. to put smth right Тhe time has come to put this right. исправлять, корректировать Пришло время исправить это.
10. the rest of the world остальной мир
11. unlike smb в отличие от кого-либо
12. diary['daɪərɪ] дневник
13. adventure[əd'venʧə] приключение
14. walking tour['wɔːkɪŋ tuə] We have done a walking tour of Adelaide. пешеходная экскурсия Мы совершили пешеходную экскурсию по Аделаиде.
15. to admire[əd'maɪə] любоваться, восторгаться
16. architecture ['ɑːkɪtekʧə] We have seen a lot of historical buildings and have admired their colonial [kə'ləunɪəl] architecture. архитектура Мы увидели много исторических зданий и полюбовались их колониальной архитектурой.
17. to take a boat trip around smth прокатиться на катере по ч-л
18. numerous ['njuːmərəs] We have explored numerous caves [keɪvz] and grottos['grɔtəuz]. многочисленный Мы обследовали многочисленные пещеры и гроты.
19. to raft[rɑːft] We have rafted on the Broken River. cплавляться на плоту Мы сплавились по реке Брокен.
20. еxciting[ɪk'saɪtɪŋ] It has been very exciting. увлекательный Это было очень увлекательно.
21. thermal reserve ['θɜːməl rɪ'zɜːv] термальный заповедник
22. spectacular [spek'tækjələ] spectacular geysers ['giːzəz] впечатляющий производящие глубокое впечатление гейзеры
23. to hike[haɪk] We have hiked through a canyon ['kænjən]. гулять, ходить пешком Мы прошли пешком по каньону.
24. waterfall['wɔːtəfɔːl] We have seen a number of waterfalls. водопад Мы увидели несколько водопадов.
25. campfire['kæmpfaɪə] костер
26. аboriginal community[ˌæbə'rɪʤənəl kə'mjuːnətɪ] племя аборигенов
27. lifestyle and culture ['laɪfstaɪl] ['kʌlʧə] образ жизни и культура
28. mob of kangaroos[ˌkæŋgə'ruːz] стадо кенгуру
29. cute[kjuːt] замечательный, интересный
They are incredibly [ɪn'kredɪblɪ] cute. Они невероятно славные.  
30. аmazing[ə'meɪzɪŋ] поразительный, удивительный
31. to compare[kəm'pɛə] nothing compares to сравнивать ничто не может сравниться с
32. famous['feɪməs] знаменитый
33. rock [rɔk] rock monolith ['mɔnəlɪθ] скала скальный монолит
34. desert ['dezət] We have just crossed the desert. пустыня Мы только что пересекли пустыню.
35. to miss smb/smth скучать по к-л/ч-л

 

IV. COMPREHENSION CHECK

 

1. Answer the questions:

 

1. How many countries has Alice Ashton visited during 35 years as a travel writer?

2. In what manner has she explored Asia, Europe and Africa?

3. What country has she never explored?

4. What is Alice planning to do over the next ten days?

5. Who is Alice going to travel with?

6. What do her grandchildren want to do before they start exploring the rest of the world?

7. What city have they done a walking tour of?

8. What have they seen and admired?

9. Around what bay have they taken a boat trip?

10. What river have they rafted on?

11. What reserve have they visited? What have they seen?

12. At the campfire of what community have they been guests?

13. What have they learned?

14. What animals have they seen?

15. What has Alice Ashton heard people talk about?

16. What is Uluru?

17. Whom and what are Alice and her grandchildren going to miss?

 

V. GRAMMAR: The PRESENT PERFECT Tense

(НАСТОЯЩЕЕ СОВЕРШЕННОЕ время)

 

1. употребление PRESENT PERFECT

 

PRESENT PERFECT употребляется для обозначения:

 

1. действий, которые совершились в прошлом, но результатом связаны с настоящим. Результат действия в прошлом может быть как материальным, так и в форме опыта и знаний.

а) маркеры времени отсутствуют:

Kim has boug ht a new mobile ['məubaɪl] phone.

Ким купила новый сотовый телефон.

Simon has traveled a lot.

Саймон много путешествовал.

б) имеются маркеры времени:

just [ʤʌst] (только что), already [ɔːl'redɪ] (уже), never (никогда), ever ['evə] (когда-либо), yet [jet] (ужe – в вопросительных предложениях; ещe – в отрицательных предложениях).

We have just eaten our breakfast.

Мы только что позавтракали.

Carol has already arrived.

Кэрол уже прилетела.

Have you fixed your bicycle yet?

Ты уже починил свой велосипед?

Tom has not answered my email yet.

Том еще не ответил на мое сообщение.

Have you ever visited a thermal reserve?

Ты когда-нибудь посещал термальный заповедник?

 

 

I have never been to Australia.

Я никогда не был в Австралии.

 


 





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