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Cтруктура повествовательного предложени€




ѕ    
—к  
ƒоп  
ќб-во

       
He translated the book last year.
wrote
         

—труктура отрицательного предложени€

ѕ    
—к  
ƒоп  
ќб-во


всп.гл. not смысл. гл.

He did not translate the book last year.
did not write

—труктура вопросительного предложени€

ќбщий вопрос

¬сп. гл. ѕ   ќст/ч —к ƒоп   ќб-во  
Did he translate the book last year?
write
             

—труктура —пециального вопроса

(ко всем членам предложени€ кроме подлежащего)

 

 

¬опр. сл. ¬сп. гл. ѕ ќст/ч —к ƒоп ќб-во
What did he translate Ц last year?
write
                 

 

 

¬опрос к подлежащему

 

¬опр.сл. —к ƒоп ќб-во
Who translated books last year?
wrote

 

 

VI. EXERCISES

Read the transcribed words.

A. [lɪə], [bɪə], [pɪə], [vɪə], [tiːm], [wiː], [biː], [fiːl], [εə], [fεə], [hεə], [stεəz], [pεə], [pleɪn], [speɪn], [feɪnt], [kεə], [fεə], [mεə], [stεə], [bεə], [rεə], [pjuə], [kjuə], [ˈdjuərɪŋ], [faɪə], [maɪə], [taɪə], [ʃaɪə], [hɪə], [mɪə], [auə], [flauə], [sauə], [wəːld], [wəːm], [ˈwəːʃɪp], [wə:d], [ˈwəːði], [feɪt], [fæt], [faː], [fεə], [ˈpiːtə], [pet], [pəːt], [hɪə], [staɪl], [dʒɪps], [taɪə], [faɪl], [fɪl], [fəːst], [faɪəd], [tjuːb], [tʌb], [təːn], [kjuə], [boun], [lɔt], [fɔːm], [stɔː].

B. [ˈbaɪsɪkl], [bɔːt], [bɜːst], [kɑːˈtuːn], [ˈsentʃəri], [ˈtʃɪli], [ˌsɪɡəˈret], [kəʊm], [ˈkʊkɪŋ], [dɪˈlɪʃəs], [dɪˈzɑːstə], room[ˈdaɪnɪŋ ˌruːm], [fiːld], [flæʃ], [ˈɡærɪdʒ], [dʒɪm], [ˈhɒrɪfaɪd], [ɪˈreɡjʊlə], [laɪt], [prɔːn], [rɪˈpeə], [rʌʃ], [ˈsæmən], [ˈvɪlɪdʒ], [jɑːd].

2. Read the verbs in the Past Simple observing the rule of reading Цed.

packed, translated, watched, clapped, divided, ruled, brushed, cleaned, banned, fixed, decided, finished, worked, cried, shouted, changed, voted, smoked, danced, cooked, completed, managed, enjoyed, listened, waited, baked, rented, dropped, visited, opened, planted, boxed, phoned, played, smiled, watered, prepared, combed, explained, provided, talked, stayed, started, fried, washed, peeled

 

Point out the meaning of Past Simple in each sentence.

1. Peter went to the gym twice a week last year. 2. Yesterday morning Carol woke up late. 3. Helen cycled to the swimming pool every Sunday. 4. The phone rang and I went to answer it. 5. I always took my car to the same garage. 6. When did Jane pass her exam? 7. First they cooked the meal, then they ate it with their friends. 8. I worked in a fast food restaurant last summer. 9. When did you go to Italy? 10. Mrs. Hudson came up to the house, took the key out of her pocket and unlocked the door. 11. When did you finish your studies? 12. I did not live in this city 10 years ago.

Make the sentences negative and interrogative.

1. Mr. Black fixed his car yesterday morning 2. His wife watered the plants in the garden. 3. Their children cleaned the yard. 4. They watched TV in the evening. 5. Mrs. Blackworked in the kitchen. 6. She baked a delicious apple pie. 7. She cooked tomato soup. 8. After dinner she washed the dishes. 9. The children brushed their teeth. 10. Mrs.White talked on the phone. 11. Mr. Black smoked a cigarette. 12. Mr. and Mrs. Chapman visited their friends two days ago. 13. They danced a lot there. 14. They had a wonderful time with their friends.






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