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The text is divided into 6 passages. Choose the best title to each passage. Prove your answer.




a) agriculture of the UK;

b) parts Great Britain;

c) industries of the country;

d) one country-many names;

e) London;

f) political system of Great Britain.

 

4. Find the equivalents for: официальное название, обща€ площадь, конституционна€ монархи€, править страной, портовый город, высоко развитый, кораблестроение, отрасль экономики, умеренный климат, овощеводство, пахотные культуры, скотоводство.

Find in the text all the proper names. Fill the table. Read all the proper names correctly. Use the dictionary if necessary.

cities/countries water reservoirs others
     

6. Say in English:

a) ¬еликобритани€ находитс€ на Ѕританских островах.

b) Ќа юге Ѕритани€ омываетс€ Ћа-ћаншем.

c) Ћондон-столица ¬еликобритании. ќн находитс€ на реке “емза.

d) ¬еликобритани€ - высокоразвита€ промышленна€ страна.

e) ¬еликобритани€ состоит из јнглии, Ўотландии, ”эльса и —еверной »рландии.

f)”меренный климат благопри€тен дл€ овощеводства.

g)Ѕританские фермеры выращивают овощи, фрукты, пахотные культуры.

h)Ёкономика ¬еликобритании €вл€етс€ высокопроизводительной.

7. Review the topic УThe Russian FederationФ. Compare two countries Ц Great Britain and Russia. Divide into 2 groups. Find as many differences between these two countries as you can (5 minutes). Think of which ones are not mentioned in the text.

Example: The official language of Russia is Russian.

The official language of the UK is English.

8. Say what you like and donТt like about Great Britain.

STATE SYSTEM OF GREAT BRITAIN

1. Read the words using a dictionary: Kingdom, monarchy/ a monarch, a sovereign, to reign, to execute/executive, authority, constituency, a majority, to inherit/ hereditary, judicial/judiciary,

VOCABULARY

the House of Lords ѕалата Ћордов
the House of Commons ѕалата ќбщин
Lords Temporal —ветские Ћорды
Lords Spiritual [Тspɪrɪtʃuəl] Ћорды духовенства
Archbishop [ˌɑːtʃˈbɪʃəp] of York јрхиепископ …оркский
Archbishop of Canterbury [Тkæntəberɪ] јрхиепископ  ентерберийский
a bishop ≈пископ
Church of England јнгликанска€ церковь
Lords of Appeal [əТpi:l]/(Law Lords) —удебные Ћорды (члены ѕалаты Ћордов, составл€ющие высший суд ¬еликобритании)
life peers[pɪə] ѕожизненные пэры
Lord Chancellor [Тtʃ ɑːnsələ] Ћорд  анцлер
Westminster Abbey ¬естминстерское јббатство
an MP/MPs (a member of Parliament) член парламента
a majority (majority party) большинство (парти€ большинства)
hereditary peers [hɪТredɪtrɪ] наследные пэры
appeal court [kɔ:t] апелл€ционный суд
to appoint/an appointment назначать/назначение
a constituency [kənˈstɪtjʊənsi] избирательный округ
i.e.(читаетс€ Уthat isФ) то есть

3.Read and translate the text:

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a constitutional monarchy. Constitutional monarchy is a form of government that has a monarch, but his powers are limited by law or by a formal constitution. It means that in Great Britain sovereign reigns but does not rule.

Britain does not have a written constitution, but a set of laws. In theory, the constitution has three branches: Parliament, which makes laws, the government, which УexecutesФ laws, i.e. puts them into effect, and the law courts, which interpret laws. Although the Queen is officially head of all three branches, she has little direct power.

Parliament is the most important authority in Britain. Technically Parliament is made up of three parts: the Monarch, the House of Lords, and the House of Commons. In reality the House of Commons is the only one of the three which has true power. Members of the House of Commons are elected by the voters of 650 constituencies. They are known as Members of Parliament, or MPs. The Prime Minister, or leader of the Government, is also an MP, usually the leader of the political party with a majority in the House of Commons.

The House of Lords consists of the Lords Temporal and the Lords Spiritual. The Lords Spiritual are the Archbishops of York and Canterbury together with twenty- four senior bishops of the Church of England.

The Lords Temporal consist of hereditary peers, life peers and the Lords of Appeal (Law Lords). Hereditary peers are those who have inherited their titles. Life peers are appointed by the Queen for various services to the nation. The Lords of Appeal become life peers on their judicial appointments. They serve the House of Lords as the ultimate court of appeal. This appeal court consist ------------------------------------of nine Law Lords presided over by the Lord Chancellor.

The monarch serves formally as head of state. But the monarch is usually politically neutral and should not make political decisions.

The present sovereign is Queen Elizabeth II. She was crowned in Westminster Abbey in 1953.

4.Give English equivalents to Russian words and phrases: конституционна€ монархи€, форма правлени€, писанна€ конституци€, свод законов, три ветви власти, непосредственна€ власть, самый важный орган власти, избиратель, политическа€ парти€ с большинством, унаследовать титул, заслуги перед страной, юридические назначени€, окончательный апелл€ционный суд, принимать политические решени€.

5. Give definitions to the following words from the text:

- a constitutional monarchy isЕ;

- Parliament isЕ;

- the government isЕ;

- the law courts areЕ;

- the House of Commons isЕ;

- the House of Lords isЕ;

-a majority party isЕ;

6. Say who these people are:

- the Prime Minister isЕ;

- Members of Parliament areЕ;

- the Lords Temporal areЕ;

- the Lords Spiritual areЕ;

- hereditary peers areЕ;

- life peers areЕ;

- the Lords of Appeal areЕ.

Who of these people are not elected?





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