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Ex. 33 Language Focus. Showing (dis)agreement.




A) Formulas of Agreement.

1. You are right. Ц ¬ы правы.

2. Quite so. Ц —овершенно верно.

3. Quite agree with you. Ц —овершенно согласен с вами.

4. IТm of the same opinion. Ц » € того же мнени€.

Formulas of disagreement

1. You are wrong. Ц ¬ы не правы.

2. You are mistaken. Ц ¬ы ошибаетесь.

3. Far from it. Ц ќтнюдь нет. Ќичуть.

4. Nothing of the kind. Ц ƒалеко не так.

 

Introductory phrases

1. I supposeЕ - я полагаю, Е

2. I thinkЕ - я думаю (считаю, полагаю), Е

3. As far as I knowЕ - Ќасколько € знаю, Е

4. As far as I rememberЕ - Ќасколько € помню, Е

 

b) Agree or disagree with the following statements about Pavlov using formulas of agreement and disagreement, and introductory phrases.

Model: Pavlov started school at the age of 6.

That is not so. As far as I remember, he started school at the age of seven.

1. Pavlov continued his parentsТ career.

2. He is very busy during the week.

3. He is an early riser.

4. Pavlov adores sports.

5. Sport makes people more organized.

6. He loves jazz.

Ex. 34 Answer the following questions about yourself:

1. WhatТs your name?

2. How old are you?

3. When and where were you born?

4. What are your parents by profession?

5. Is your family large or small?

6. How many are you in the family?

7. Where do your parents work?

8. Have you got any brothers or sisters? How old are they? What do they do?

9. What were your favorite subjects at school?

10. Why did you decide to enter the Law Academy?

 

Text 3

Hobby

 

Most of the people have hobbies. Some of them collect stamps, dolls, postcards, cars and what not. Others have a passion for music, painting, dancing and so on. A hobby can help you become a harmoniously developed person, be always in high spirits, and enrich you inner world.

An interesting activity, which gives you pleasure and joy, may become your second occupation. A successfully chosen hobby helps you to distract your thoughts from work, everyday cares and duties. Moreover, a hobby gives you the sense of fullness of life.

The forms of a hobby may vary. It's quite natural, especially for citizens of towns and cities, to enjoy contacts with nature. The most fascinating hobby may be walking, gardening, fishing, and hunting. Collecting things is also a widespread hobby. The objects of collecting may be rare books, postcards, stamps and so on. It should be noted that collecting is not an idle and useless pastime, as many persons think, but it is a very useful and fascinating activity.

Some people prefer active entertainment and enjoyment and not passive one. They like different kinds of sports such as skiing, swimming, playing volleyball. Reading is the activity that gives people knowledge and teaches them to live.

People in other countries may have hobbies which may seem exotic to us, for example scuba diving, bungee jumping, snorkeling and bird watching.

Hobby is of great importance to the life of people. It brings you happiness and intense satisfaction.

 

Ex. 35 Language Focus. Link words, likes/dislikes + -ing

Read the text and try to connect two or three short sentences to make one longer sentence. Use link words: but, so, though, because.

James Bond

James Bond is an officer in the Secret Intelligence Service. He is very famous. He is a super-spy. He is rather eccentric. He likes to attract people's attention. He dislikes it when people ask him many questions. He prefers to drink coffee. Bond enjoys using firearms. The tasks given to him are very difficult. He likes his job.

 

Ex. 36 Circle T (true) or F (false).

1. James Bond likes drinking tea. T F

2. He hates using firearms. T F

3. He likes his job. T F

4. He is not an eccentric person. T F

5. He enjoys talking to people. T F

 

Ex. 37 Read the dialogues. Learn by heart two of them and practice with your partner. Think of your own dialogues.

1. - Let's stay at home for the weekend.

- Why?

- If we go to the country, we'll get up early. I hate getting up early.

- So do I. But I don't mind spending weekend in the country.

 

2. - I love wearing trendy clothes.

- So do 1. But they're too expensive.

- I agree with you. But I don't mind wearing my cousins' clothes.

 

3. - I don't like having breakfast alone.

- Don't you? I do. I like reading magazines at breakfast.

 

4. - What are your pet hates?

- I hate it when somebody takes my things without asking. What I can't stand is watching soap operas and listening to loud music.

- Neither can I. I like soft music.

 

5. - My brother enjoys watching football matches.

- Does he? My brother doesnТt.

 

6. - Famous people are often a little eccentric. They like wearing bright clothes.

- I think they want to attract attention.

- So do I.

 

7. - Why is his behavior so eccentric?

- I think he wants to make us talk about him.

- Do you? 1 don't think so. I think he is a strange person.

 

8. - I don't mind following safety tips.

- Neither do I.

 

Ex. 38 Look at the list of the activities. Say what you like or dislike doing.

Model: reading books

I like reading books

a) going to museums

b) sailing

c) surfing the internet

d) having a picnic

e) playing video games

f) shopping

g) eating out

h) visiting other countries

 

Text 4

My Family

Pre-reading task: Read the text and get ready to say how your family traditions are different from those in the text.

 

 

Family is central to the life of all people, I believe. It is the most precious thing for me, because this is where I find love and understanding, and support.

Our family is quite large by modern standards. It consists of four people - my parents, my younger sister and me. My parents are quite young, about 40, and my sister is two years younger than me. My father is a computer programmer. He spends most of his time at work, so the time when he is home in the evening is something special for my sister and me. He always has something interesting to tell us, we share our problems and secrets with him, and he often gives very good advice. My mother is a children's doctor, and she has more time to spare than my father. There's often a lot to do about the house, but we are always willing to help with the chores, and everything is done quickly and efficiently. The only thing that mother likes to do herself is cooking, though even here we help by peeling potatoes, cutting vegetables, and so on.

Most of all I like our late dinners or early suppers, when we all gather round the table, and the light of the kitchen lamp creates a relaxed and cozy atmosphere. We talk, and joke, and have fun, because we are all friends. Of course, sometimes we have our problems, but they are easily solved by joint efforts.

Sundays are also very nice, if the weather is fine, we go skiing in the park in winter, or to our 'dacha' in summer. In fact, it's just a small cottage on a small plot of land, but v/e like it a lot, and like to work in the garden, planting, digging, gathering strawberries and tomatoes.

ThatТs about all. I am happy to have such a loving and supportive family, and when I have a family of my own, I will try to make it work on the same lines.

 

 

Ex. 39 Grammar Focus 5. A verb + -ing

Complete the sentences with a verb + ing. Mind the spelling.

Model: to take Ц taking

to stop Ц stopping

to travel Ц travelling

to lie Ц lying

 

Chat, wash up (2), put, leave, help, go shopping (2), read, sing

 





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