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Do the quiz to check your vocabulary. 4 страница.




Ex. 4, p. 14.


Lesson 4

 

englISh IS the langUage oF InternatIonal CoMMUnICatIon

 

÷≥л≥: вдосконалювати навички ауд≥юванн€, читанн€ й усного мовленн€; вдо- сконалювати навички монолог≥чного висловлюванн€ з опорою на лексико- граматичну структуру; розвивати мовну здогадку; виховувати увагу, ≥нтерес до англ≥йськоњ мови.

 

Procedure

 

1. Warm-up

Do ex.1, p. 16.

 

2. Reading and speaking

Do ex. 2, p. 16.

 

3. Grammar practice

Do ex. 5, p. 11.

 

4. Reading

Match the headings (1Ц8) with the paragraphs (AЦG). There is one extra heading.


 

 лас

 

 

ƒата


WHO SPEAKS ENGLISH?

A. Today, English is the second or third most popular mother tongue in the world, with an estimated 350Ц400 million native speakers. But,

crucially, it is also the common tongue for many non-English speakers

the world over, and almost a quarter of the globeТs population Ч maybe

1.5Ц2 billion people Ч can understand it and have at least some basic

competence in its use, whether written or spoken.

B. It should be noted here that statistics on the numbers around the world

who speak English are unreliable at best. It is notoriously difficult to de-

fine quite what is meant by УEnglish speakerФ, let alone the definitions

of first language, second language, mother tongue, native speaker, etc. What level of competency counts? Does a thick creole (English-based,

but completely incomprehensible to a native English speaker) count?

Just to add to the confusion, there are at least 40 million people in the

nominally English-speaking United States who do NOT speak English. In addition, the figures, of necessity, combine statistics from different

sources, different dates, etc. You may well see large variations on any

statistics quoted here.

C. But best recent estimates of first languages suggest that Mandarin Chinese has around 800Ц850 million native speakers, while English

and Spanish both have about 330Ц350 million each. If second-language

speakers are included, Mandarin increases to around 1 billion, English

to over 500 million, Spanish to 420Ц500 million and so on, although

some estimates for English as a first or second language rise to over

a billion. In fact, among English speakers, non-native speakers may now outnumber native speakers by as much as three to one.

D. In terms of total population, in a world approaching 7 billion, the top

three countries by population are China (1.3 billion), India (1.2 billion) and USA (about 310 million), followed by Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nigeria, Russia and Japan. Thus, the USA is by far the most populous English-speaking country and accounts for almost 70 %

of native English speakers (Britain, by comparison has a population of

just over 60 million, and ranks 22nd in the world). India represents the third largest group of English speakers after the USA and UK,

even though only 4Ц5 % of its population speaks English (4 % of over


1.2 billion is still almost 50 million). However, by some counts as many as 23 % of Indians speak English, which would put it firmly in second place, well above Britain. Even Nigeria may have more English speak- ers than Britain according to some estimates.

E. English is the native mother-tongue of only Britain, Ireland, USA, Ca- nada, Australia, New Zealand and a handful of Caribbean countries. But in 57 countries (including Ghana, Nigeria, Uganda, South Africa, India, Pakistan, Singapore, Philippines, Fiji, Vanuatu, etc.), English is either as its Уofficial languageФ or a majority of its inhabitants speak it as a first language. These are largely ex-colonial countries which have thoroughly integrated English into its chief institutions. The next most popular of- ficial language is French (which applies in some 31 countries), followed by Spanish (25), Arabic (25), Portuguese (13) and Russian (10).

F. Although falling short of official status, English is also an important language in at least twenty other countries, including several former British colonies and protectorates, such as Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bru- nei, Cyprus, Malaysia and the United Arab Emirates. It is the most commonly used unofficial language in Israel and an increasing number of other countries such as Switzerland, the Netherlands, Norway and Germany. Within Europe, an estimated 85 % of Swedes can comforta- bly converse in English, 83 % of Danes, 79 % of Dutch, 66 % in Luxem- bourg and over 50 % in countries such as Finland, Slovenia, Austria, Belgium, and Germany.

G. Many countries recognize the importance of English as an internation- al language and teach it in schools as their foreign language of choice. English is the most widely taught foreign language in schools across the globe, with over 100 countries Ч from China to Russia to Israel, Germany, Spain, Egypt, Brazil, etc., Ч teaching it to at least a working level. Over 1 billion people throughout the world are currently learn- ing English, and there are estimated to be more students of English in China alone than there are inhabitants of the USA. A 2006 report by the British Council suggests that the number of people learning Eng- lish is likely to continue to increase over the next 10Ц15 years, peaking at around 2 billion, after which a decline is predicted.

1) We canТt estimate the real number of non-native English speakers now.

2) Why English is the main language in many countries.

3) English is going on to expend and is used in more and more countries.

4) We canТt estimate the importance of using English at all.

5) It is understood at the present time that English has become the first language for many people in many countries.

6) There are some countries where English is used more than in Britain where English is the mother-tongue.

7) The number of English learners is increasing year by year.

8) Nowadays it is quite difficult to differ level of ability in using foreign languages.

Key: 5 A, 8 B, 1 C, 6 D, 2 E, 3 F, 7 G.

 

5. Grammar practice

Do ex. 6, 7, p. 12.

 

6. Reading and speaking

Do ex. 4, p. 18.

 

7. summary

Do ex. 5, p. 18.

 

8. Homework

Do ex. 3, p. 17.


UnIt 1. BEIng a StudEnt

 

Lesson 5

 

IndePendent learnIng


 

 лас

 

 

ƒата


 

÷≥л≥: формувати лексичн≥ навички й навички вимови; вдосконалювати навич-

ки читанн€ й усного мовленн€; розвивати мовну здогадку й мовленнЇву ре-

акц≥ю учн≥в; вдосконалювати навички користуванн€ словниками; виховувати зац≥кавлен≥сть у розширенн≥ своњх знань.

 

Procedure

 

1. Warm-up

Name at least 10 forms of communication.

How has communication changed through human history? What is the most basic form of communication?

 

2. speaking

Do ex. 1, p. 20.





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