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J. Edgar Hoover as director





The Director of the BOI, J. Edgar Hoover, was an FBI Director who served from 1924–1972, a combined 48 years with the BOI, DOI, and FBI. He was chiefly responsible for creating the Scientific Crime Detection Laboratory, or the FBI Laboratory, which officially opened in 1932, as part of his work to professionalize investigations by the government. Hoover had substantial involvement in most major cases and projects which the FBI handled during his tenure. After Hoover's death, Congress passed legislation limiting the tenure of future FBI Directors to a maximum of ten years.

During the "War on Crime" of the 1930s, FBI agents apprehended or killed a number of notorious criminals who carried out kidnappings, robberies, and murders throughout the nation, including John Dillinger, "Baby Face" Nelson, Kate "Ma" Barker, Alvin "Creepy" Karpis, and George "Machine Gun" Kelly.

Other activities of its early decades included a decisive role in reducing the scope and influence of the Ku Klux Klan. Additionally, through the work of Edwin Atherton, the FBI claimed success in apprehending an entire army of Mexican neo-revolutionaries along the California border in the 1920s.

Hoover began using wiretapping in the 1920s during Prohibition to arrest bootleggers. A 1927 case in which a bootlegger was caught through telephone tapping went to the United States Supreme Court, which ruled that the FBI could use wiretaps in its investigations and did not violate the Fourth Amendment as unlawful search and seizure as long as the FBI did not break in to a person's home to complete the tapping. After Prohibition's repeal, Congress passed the Communications Act of 1934, which outlawed non-consensual phone tapping, but allowed bugging. In another Supreme Court case, the court ruled in 1939 that due to the 1934 law, evidence the FBI obtained by phone tapping was inadmissible in court. A 1967 Supreme Court decision overturned the 1927 case allowing bugging, after which Congress passed the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act, allowing public authorities to tap telephones during investigations, as long as they obtain a warrant beforehand.

 

Работа полиции Великобритании

Тема 17

Столичная полиция Лондона

The UK police ranks:

Chief Constable – CC – главный констебль

Deputy Chief Constable – DCC – заместитель главного констебля

Assistant Chief Constable and Commander – ACC – помощник главного констебля и коммандер

Chief Superintendent – C/Supt – главный суперинтендант

Detective Chief Superintendent – детектив главный суперинтендант

Superintendent – Supt – суперинтендант

(Detective-Superintendent) – D/Supt – детектив суперинтендант

Chief Inspector – HMCIC или CI – главный инспектор Её Величества

Detective Chief Inspector – DCI – детектив главный инспектор

Inspector – HMI(C) – инспектор полиции Её Величества

Detective Inspector – DI – детектив инспектор

Sergeant – сержант

Detective Sergeant – DS – детектив сержант

Police Sergeant – PS – полицейский сержант

Constable – констебль

Detective Constable – DC – детектив констебль

Police Constable – PC – полицейский констебль

Woman Police Constable – WPC – женщина-констебль

Commissioner – комиссар

Deputy Commissioner – заместитель комиссара

Deputy Assistant Commissioner – DAC – заместитель

помощника комиссара

Text №1
1. Read the text and give a brief summary of the text in Russian. The following words will help you understand the text:


  1. to create - создавать

  2. commissioner - комиссар

  3. to split – разбивать, разделять

  4. to mount – 1) подниматься, 2) садиться на лошадь

  5. mounted - конный

  6. grade - степень

  7. superintendent – 1) старший полицейский офицер, 2) руководитель

  8. apprehension - задержание

  9. liberty - свобода

  10. tribute – дань, должное

 





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