EXERCISE 4 Complete the sentences
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EXERCISE 4 Complete the sentences




1.The fluid circulating system removes…

2.Solids from the mud are removed…

3.The drilling mud consists of…

4.Excess volume of mud is stored…

5.The surge chamber contains…

6.Dry mud additives are stored…

7.A pump manifold is located…

8.The Kelly is…

9.The standpipe and the rotary hose provide…

10. Rollerbearingsupport…

EXERCISE 5 Translate the sentences from Russian into English.

1.Буровой раствор состоит из глины, некоторых других добавок и воды.

2.Система циркуляции удаляет частицы выбуренной породы из ствола скважины.

3.Буровой раствор хранится в емкостях.

4.Специальное оборудование удаляет загрязняющие примеси из раствора.

5.Буровые насосы соединены с бурильными колоннами.

6.Стояк и нагнетательный шланг обеспечивают подвижное соединение с колоннами.

7.Ведущая труба – это труба, прямоугольная или шестиугольная в сечении.

8.Вибросито – это устройство для механического удаления твердых примесей.

9.Сухие присадки вносятся в приемный резервуар через смесительную воронку.

10. Оборудование для удаления примесей включает вибросита, гидроциклоны и фильтрующие центрифуги.

EXERCISE 6 Retell the text and discuss in dialogs with your group mates this theme.

EXERCISE 7 Prepare a presentation about the fluid-circulating system.

CHAPTER IV

THE ROTARY SYSTEM

EXERCISE 1 Read and translate the text, using the words after the text.

The rotary system includes all of the equipment used to achieve bit rotation. The main parts of the rotary system are the swivel, the kelly, the rotary drive, the rotary table, the drill pipe and drill collars.

The swivel supports the weight of the drill string and permits rotation. The bail of the swivel is attached to the hook of the transmitting block, and the goose­ neck of the swivel provides a downward-pointing connection for the rotary hose. Swivels are rated according to their load capacities.

The kelly is the first section of pipe below the swivel. The outside cross-section of the kelly is square or hexagonal to permit it to be gripped easily for turning. Torque is transmitted to the kelly through kelly bushings, which fit in­side the master bushing of the rotary table. The kelly must be kept as straight as possible. Rotation of a crooked kelly causes a whipping motion that results in unnecessary wear on the crown block and other equipment.

The opening in the rotary table that accepts the kelly bushings must be large enough for passage of the largest bit to be run in the hole. A lock on the rotary prevents the table from turning when pipe is unscrewed without the use of tongs.

The words to be memorized:

1. rotary/top drive – привод ротора

2. rotary table – стол ротора

3. drill collar - УБТ (утяжеленная бурильная труба)

4. bail of the swivel – серьга, штроп вертлюга

5. hook - крюк

6. goose neck – горловина вертлюга

7. torque - кручение, крутящий момент

8. to transmit - передавать

9. kelly bushing – вкладыш под ведущую трубу

10. master bushing – основной вкладыш

11. to fit - входить, вставлять

12. to unscrew - отвинчивать

13. tongs–клещи

EXERCISE 2 Answer the following questions.

1. What are the main parts of the rotary system?

2. What is the bail of the swivel attached to?

3. What is the function of the swivel?

4. What is the first section of pipe below the swivel?

5. How is the torque transmitted to the Kelly?

6.What does rotation of a crooked Kelly cause?

7.What does a goose neck provide?

8.Where are the Kelly bushings situated?

9.Why should the Kelly be kept as straight as possible?

10. What does a lock on the rotary prevent the table from?

EXERCISE 3 Find the proper Russian equivalents to the following English terms.





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