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What diseases are accompanied with cyanosis?




ќ“¬≈“: Cyanosis usually accompanies pneumonia, bronchiectasis, heart failure, emphysema and breathing difficulty.

«адача є43

–асскажите о нашем университете, использу€ следующие выражени€:

1. The University consists of fiveЕ.. (факультетов).

2. The course of ЕЕ in Stomatologic department Е.. for five years. (обучени€, длитс€)

3. The..... take three..... examinations. (абитуриенты, вступительные)

4. The six year programme Е.. into two periods. (разделена)

5. Studying at the University the studentsЕ..and work experience. (приобретают знани€)

6.The study of Human Anatomy of systems and organs is carried out (на трупном материале)

7. When a student passes the final examinations, he willЕ..the Medical Doctor

Diploma. (награждатьс€)

8. If a student completes the 1-st year (интернатура), he will get the medical license that will enable him to practice medicine.

9. After the 7-year course of training the students may enter the (ординатура) or postgraduate course working at the same time in hospitals, Medical University and Scientific Research Institutes.

¬озможное решение:

1. departments/faculties

2. training, lasts

3. applicants, entrance examinations

4. is divided

5. gain knowledge

6. on corpse material.

7. be awarded

8. internship

9. residency

«адача є44

You are a representative of the studentsТ council. You were tasked with career-guidance at the local school. There the students asked you the following questions. Answer them using the phrases in brackets.

 

1. What do you know about the history of The Krasnoyarsk State Medical University? (Е was founded in 1942 on the base of Е. At that time Е only one faculty.)

2. What monument can you see in front of the University? (Е to the founder Е A. Dubensky.)

3. When was the Pharmaceutical faculty of the Krasnoyarsk State Medical University opened? (Е in 2006)

4. How long does the course of training in the Pharmaceutical faculty last? (Е5 years)

5. What subjects do the students study during the first year? (Еchemistry, anatomy, physics, biology,)

6. Where do the students usually have practical training? (Е laboratory, pharmacy, chemistТs shop, hospital)

7. What are the main clinical subjects at the pharmaceutical faculty? (Е clinical pharmacology)

¬озможное решение:

KrasGMUwas founded in 1942 on the base of 2 Institutes. At that time there was only 1 faculty. There is a monument to the founder of the city A. Dubensky in front of the building. The Pharmaceutical faculty of the Krasnoyarsk State Medical University was opened in 2006. The course of training in the Pharmaceutical faculty lasts 5 years.

«адача є44

You are examining a patient with a disease of the respiratory tract. Ask him about his condition.

¬озможное решение:

What do you complain of? Is breathing painful? Is it more painful when you breathe? Does deep breathing cause pain? Is your cough persistent? When did you start coughing? How long have you been coughing? Does cough interfere with your sleep? Have you ever coughed up blood? Do you bring up sputum? When did you have your last attack? How much sputum do you bring up daily? Is your cough productive or dry? When does your condition deteriorate? Are there daily fluctuations of the temperature?

«адача є45

You are present at the lecture on the infectious diseases. Ask your lecturer some questions about types of infection and sources of contamination. Use the following words and word combinations: to get/become infected; a carrier of an infecting agent; to be inoculated against Е; to have a direct contact with a sick infected person; to avoid contacts with Е; to isolate; to carry out prophylactic disinfection; to do wet cleaning; wipe Е using disinfectant solution.

¬озможное решение:

What are the infecting agents? Is inoculation always helpful? What infectious diseases are incurable? What groups are infectious diseases classified into according to the ways of penetration? Is contamination due to indirect contacts common?

«адача є46

Give a name of the following diseases:

o a highly contagious virus infection that affects the respiratory system;

o Chickenpox was commonly confused with this disease;

o The disease primarily affects the membranes of the nose, throat, or larynx;

o An acute specific contagious disease of the respiratory tract characterized by a severe cough;

o An acute infectious disease occurring mostly in children. One of the symptom is rash;

o This disease is characterized by painful swelling of the salivary glands.

ќтвет:

influenza, smallpox, diphtheria, whooping cough, measles, mumps.

«адача є47

You have missed some classes devoted to the theme УInfectious DiseasesФ. What information should you know to pass the credit test?

¬озможное решение:

definition, source of transmission, ways of transmission, symptoms, treatment, prevention

«адача є48

You are going to undergo immunization. Ask your local physician about advantages, disadvantages, contraindications e.t.c. of this procedure.

¬озможное решение:

What does immunity depend on? Is it possible to strengthen immunity? When is the 1-st vaccination made? Are there any contraindications for immunization?

«адача є49

Tell about kinds of immunity, possible ways to strengthen immunity, contribution of diet and vitamins to the health.

¬озможное решение:

Immunity may be natural and acquired. Natural immu≠nity to certain infections may be transmitted from parent to offspring. A temporary passive immunity is transmitted from the mother to her infant both through the placental circulation and through the breast milk. Acquired immunity may follow a spontaneous attack of disease, the artificial inoculation of a modified virus, vaccine injections, and injections of antitoxic and antibacterial sera. A proper diet (healthy food containing vitamins and regular meals), a healthy lifestyle (exercises, absence of bad habits) contribute to the strengthening of health.

«адача є50

Imagine you are ill with hepatitis A. Ask your doctor the questions such as the reasons, complications, treatment and e.t.c. of this disease.

¬озможное решение:

WhatТs the reason of the disease? When was I probably contaminated in your opinion? What are the possible complications of the disease? Must I follow a bed regimen? Will I be hospitalized? How long is the usual treatment? Should my relatives/friends visit me during the disease? What food should I eat during the treatment?





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