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James Naismith invented basketball in 1891. Naismith was a Canadian, but lived in the United States. He was a teacher at Springfield Training School in the state of Massachusetts. He taught sports and found there were no in­teresting games to play indoors in the winter months. So he thought of a game.

Naismith's students played the first game of basketball in the Springfield gym in 1891. There were nine men in each team. They used a soccer ball. They put peach baskets on the gym wall. The goal or purpose of the game was to throw the ball in the basket. That is why he called the game basketball. A man with a ladder went to the basket He climbed the ladder and took the ball out of the basket. Luckily, only one man got the ball into the basket in the first game.

Basketball is a very fast game. Players must run up and down the basket­ball court or gym floor the whole game. At the same time they must control the ball. Today, most players are tall. Many of them are over seven feet tall and weigh more than 200 pounds. But one of basketball's great players was Barney Sedran. He played from 1912 to 1926 and is in the Basketball Hall of Fame. He was only 5 feet 4 inches tall and 118 pounds!

Today, basketball is an international sport. In America, the National Basketball Association (NBA) has some of the best players in the world. Bas­ketball is also an Olympic sport today. In the Olympics, the best teams from many countries play to show they are the best.


We are students of Physical Culture Faculty of Brest State University. All the students of our University began to go in for different kinds of sport before entering the University. At the University they get different sporting specialities. They specialize in swimming, diving, rowing, sailing, skiing, ska­ting, figure skating, football, basketball, volleyball, handball, tennis, wrestling, boxing, cycling, fencing, gymnastics, weightlifting, track-and-field athletics and others. They dream of becoming first-class sportsmen and therefore they pay great attention to special training lessons in their favourite kinds of sport.

After graduating from the University they become coaches and teachers of physical culture.

Track-and-field athletics is the leading sport in our country. Some millions of young men and girls train in the athletics sec­tions and take part in competitions. It is hard to find a town or a village in our country where people do not go in for track-and field.

Track-and-field athletes practise on the stadiums, in sports halls, Palaces of Sports, etc. This kind of sport includes running, jumping, discuss throwing, hammer throwing, javelin throwing, shot putting, walking, pentathlon, decathlon, etc.. Our track-and-field athletes are in good form and compete in all big national and international contests.

Volleyball is my future speciality. People of all ages easi­ly master it. It is a simple but interesting game which does not require any special equipment or long practical drills. Volley­ball has a beneficial effect upon the health and trains all-ro­und muscular coordination.

Football is a mass sport in our country. It is my favourite kind of sport. The game is played by two teams. Each team con­sists of 11 players. Every team has its captain. Football play­ers are trained on stadiums all year round.

Basketball is rapidly gaining popularity with our youth. It is played on the court by two teams of five players each: two for wards, one centre, two guards. The purpose of each is to throw the ball into the basket of the opponent and to prevent the other team from securing the ball or scoring. Basketball develops many good qualities, such as rapid action, accuracy, agility and the like.


Usain Bolt

Usain St. Leo Bolt, OJ, C.D. (nicknamed Lightning Bolt, pronounced /ˈjuːseɪn/; born 21 August 1986), is a Jamaican sprinter and a three-time World and Olympic gold medalist. He is the world record and Olympic record holder in the 100 metres, the 200 metres and (along with his teammates) the 4 x 100 metres relay. He is the reigning World and Olympic champion in these three events.

Bolt was born on 21 August 1986 in Sherwood Content, a small town in Trelawny, Jamaica, and grew up with his parents, Wellesley and Jennifer Bolt, his brother Sadeeki, and his sister Sherine. His parents ran the local grocery store in the rural area, and Bolt spent his time playing cricket and football in the street with his brother. As a child, he attended Waldensia Primary and All-age School, and it was here that he first began to show his sprinting potential, running in the annual national primary-schools' meeting for his parish. By the age of twelve, Bolt had become the school's fastest runner over the 100 metres distance. Upon his entry to William Knibb Memorial High School, Bolt continued to focus on other sports, but his cricket coach noticed Bolt's speed on the pitch and urged him to try track and field events. Bolt won his first annual high school championships medal in 2001, taking the silver medal in the 200 metres with a time of 22.04 seconds.

Then Bolt distinguished himself with a 200 m gold medal at the 2002 World Junior Championships, making him the competition's youngest-ever gold medalist. In 2004 he became the first junior sprinter to run the 200 m in under 20 seconds with a time of 19.93 s, breaking the previous world junior record.

His 2008 season began with his first world record performance—a 100 m world record of 9.72 s—and culminated in world and Olympic records in both the 100 m and 200 m events at the 2008 Beijing Summer Olympics. He ran 9.69 s for the 100 m and 19.30 s in the 200 m, and also set a 4×100 m relay record of 37.10 s with the Jamaican team. This made him the first man to win three sprinting events at a single Olympics since Carl Lewis in 1984, and the first man to set world records in all three at a single Olympics.

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