Ћекции.ќрг


ѕоиск:




 атегории:

јстрономи€
Ѕиологи€
√еографи€
ƒругие €зыки
»нтернет
»нформатика
»стори€
 ультура
Ћитература
Ћогика
ћатематика
ћедицина
ћеханика
ќхрана труда
ѕедагогика
ѕолитика
ѕраво
ѕсихологи€
–елиги€
–иторика
—оциологи€
—порт
—троительство
“ехнологи€
“ранспорт
‘изика
‘илософи€
‘инансы
’ими€
Ёкологи€
Ёкономика
Ёлектроника

 

 

 

 


«акончите предложени€, использу€ сложное подлежащее (Complex Subject)




1) I happened (слышал, как он спросил ее об этом внизу)

2) He is likely (придет вечером)

3) His book is sure (напечатана в –оссии)

4) They arenТt likely (не приедут в мае)

5) They are not likely (не получили зарплату сегодн€)

 

–аскройте скобки, использу€ герундий (the Gerund)

1) He is good at (to repair) cars.

2) In (to make) this experiment they came across some very interesting phenomena.

3) The results of the experiment must be checked and rechecked before (to publish).

4) David was tired of (to scold) all the time.

5) Going to the party was no use: he had no talent for (to dance).

6) The old man couldnТt stand (to tell) what he should do.

7) After (to look) through and (to mark), the papers were handed back to the students.

 

–аскройте скобки, употребл€€ глаголы в требующейс€ форме условного наклонени€.

 

1) If Ann Е (to be) busy, Jennifer (to wait) for her in the lobby.

2) If Jack Е (to meet) her parents, I Е (to inform) you about it.

3) Jenny Е (to have) underweight unless she Е (to stop) smoking.

4) If Elisabeth`s children Е (to be) there, they Е (to enjoy) this unusual party.

5) If Henry Е (to drink) milk there, he Е (to eat) your fish now.

6) If Jane Е (to learn) these German phrases, she Е (to be able) to explain her wishes.

7) If our students Е (to read) these articles last week, they Е (to be) geared-up to answer these questions. 8) Nick Е (not be) so tired this morning if he Е (go to bed) early last night.

9) Tom... (not eat) much Уfast foodФ if his wife Е (cook) at home.

10) If Bob Е (not keep) his word, Anna Е (be angry) with him.

 

ѕрочитайте текст и переведите его на русский €зык

ENERGY AND ITS SOURCES

 

The consumption of energy is expected to grow. The amount of energy consumed by a country is closely connected with its degree of technological development and industrialization, which are in turn related to the people's standard of living.

Energy can be classified according to its sources. Coal, oil, and natural gas are Ђfossil fuelsї which are extremely useful raw materials. But when they are burned for fuel, harmful pollution may result and there is a great waste of natural resources.

Wood was the main source a hundred years ago. The growth of coal usage in the early 1900s is associated with rapidly increasing industrial development. There followed a great expansion in the consumption of natural gas and fuel oil for heating, electrical generation and especially transportation.

Several conclusions can be made: research and development work to find new sources of energy and ways of increasing efficiency are needed; the new sources of fuels must be fully developed and utilized. Natural gas is a popular source of energy because of its convenience for use and cleanliness in burning. It is generally believed that gas will be the first fossil fuel to be in short supply, and the cost of oil extraction is high.

It is known that much is being done in the world today for the development of non-traditional sources of energy. Without them the earth cannot support its present population. To these sources we can add the energy obtained from water motion and the sun. One of the most promising research is the development of power stations with direct transformation of solar energy into electricity on the basic of photo-effect. Solar power is often mentioned as the logical alternative. The amount of radiant energy that reaches the earth's surface is more than what is needed. For the generation of electricity, there are serious problems to be solved. To collect and concentrate the energy by reflectors and converters of present efficiency is the major difficulty. The efficiency of a solar power station is considerably reduced because of the limited time of its work during the year. There remain many technological problems in this area.

Man is consuming the remaining resources at a rate that they may last only a few centuries. Efforts to eliminate the extravagant waste of energy are needed. Several conclusions can be made: research and development work to find new sources of energy and ways of increasing efficiency are needed; the new sources of fuels must be fully developed and utilized. And we must give a serious consideration nuclear energy, i.e. the energy from nuclear reactions, the burning of nuclear fuel.

 

10. ќтветьте на следующие вопросы по тексту:

1) What is the amount of energy consumed by a country connected with?

2) What kinds of fuels can you name?

3) What alternative sources of energy do you know?

4) To collect and concentrate the energy by reflectors and converters of present efficiency is the major difficulty, isnТt it?

5) What conclusions can be made to find new sources of energy?

 

Ћитература

  1. јгабек€н ».ѕ. јнглийский дл€ технических вузов / ».ѕ. јгабек€н, ѕ.».  оваленко. Ц »зд. 14-е, стер. Ц –остов н/ƒ: ‘еникс, 2013. Ц 347 с.
  2. јндрианова Ћ. Ќ. ”чебник английского €зыка дл€ заочных технических вузов и факультетов / Ћ. Ќ. јндрианова, Ќ. ё. Ѕагрова, Ё. ¬. ≈ршова. Ц ћ.: ¬ысша€ школа, 2000. Ц 350 с.
  3. √арагул€ —.». јнглийский €зык дл€ студентов строительных специальностей. Learning Building Construction in English: учебное пособие / —.». √арагул€. Ц –остов н/ƒ: ‘еникс, 2011. Ц 347 с.
  4. √олицынский ё.Ѕ. √рамматика: —борник упражнений. Ц 6-е изд., - —ѕб.:  ј–ќ, 2008. Ц 544 с.
  5. ƒроздова “.ё., ћаилова ¬.√., Ѕерестова ј.». English Grammar: Reference and Practice. Version 2.0. - —ѕб.: јнтологи€, 2011. Ц 424 с.
  6. Ћюдвигова ≈. ¬. ”чебник английского €зыка дл€ вузов заочного обучени€ / ≈. ¬. Ћюдвигова [и др.]. - ћ.: ¬ысша€ школа, 1985. Ц 320 с.
  7. ѕрактическа€ грамматика английского €зыка: учеб.пособие / ≈.Ѕ.  арневска€ [и др.]; под ред. ≈.Ѕ.  арневской, «.ƒ.  урочкиной. Ц 2-е изд., доп. Ц ћинск: јверсэв, 2008. Ц 480 с.




ѕоделитьс€ с друзь€ми:


ƒата добавлени€: 2017-02-28; ћы поможем в написании ваших работ!; просмотров: 834 | Ќарушение авторских прав


ѕоиск на сайте:

Ћучшие изречени€:

≈сли президенты не могут делать этого со своими женами, они делают это со своими странами © »осиф Ѕродский
==> читать все изречени€...

1593 - | 1543 -


© 2015-2024 lektsii.org -  онтакты - ѕоследнее добавление

√ен: 0.012 с.