ƒругие €зыки
ќхрана труда





Text 2: Applying for a job


ѕо английскому €зыку по устным темам

дл€ студентов I курса всех специальностей »”»“а, √уманитарного института, ёридического

института и ¬ечернего факультета


по дисциплине

"јнглийский €зык"

ћќ— ¬ј - 2010

ћќ— ќ¬— »… √ќ—”ƒј–—“¬≈ЌЌџ… ”Ќ»¬≈–—»“≈“ ѕ”“≈… —ќќЅў≈Ќ»я (ћ»»“)

 афедра Ђ»ностранные €зыки-1ї


ѕо английскому €зыку по устным темам

по дисциплине

"јнглийский €зык"

ћќ— ¬ј - 2010

ћќ— ќ¬— »… √ќ—”ƒј–—“¬≈ЌЌџ… ”Ќ»¬≈–—»“≈“ ѕ”“≈… —ќќЅў≈Ќ»я (ћ»»“)

 афедра Ђ»ностранные €зыки Ц 1ї


ѕо английскому €зыку по устным темам

–екомендовано редакционно-издательским советом университета в качестве практикума

дл€ студентов I курса всех специальностей »”»“а, √уманитарного института, ёридического

института и ¬ечернего факультета


под редакцией ≈.¬. ‘едоткиной



ћќ— ¬ј Ц 2010


”ƒ  42

ѕ 69


ѕрактикум по английскому €зыку по устным темам дл€ студентов I курса всех специальностей »”»“а, √уманитарного института, ёридического института и ¬ечернего факультета / под редакцией ≈.¬. ‘едоткиной. Ц ћ.: ћ»»“, 2010. Ц 84 с.


ѕрактикум предназначен дл€ развити€ навыков и умений устной речи по темам, указанным в Ђ–абочих программахї по курсу Ђ»ностранные €зыкиї. ѕрактикум представл€ет собой коллективный труд преподавателей кафедры Ђ»ностранные €зыки - 1ї √уманитарного института.

ќн включает 6 модулей, 30 тем и приложение. “екстовый материал заимствован из оригинальной английской литературы и адаптирован в соответствии с целью данных методических разработок.


јпрес€н  .√.- ћодуль I темы 2, 3, ћодуль II тема 4,

ћодуль IV темы 1,2, ћодуль V I темы 2-10

ѕриложение: є5, 8

ƒергунова Ћ.≈. - ћодуль III тема 4

ƒронова Ќ. ј. - ћодуль IV тема 3

—олопенко “.ј. - ћодуль III темы 2, 3, 5,6,7 ћодуль IV темы 4,7

ћирзабекова ј.ј - ћодуль I тема 1, ћодуль II тема 3

ћохнаткина √.¬. - ћодуль II тема 2

ѕетрова ».ћ - ћодуль II темы 1, 3

–ешетникова ¬.¬. Ц ћодуль V тема 1

–усакова Ќ.¬. - ћодуль IV темы 5,6б ћодуль V темы 2, 3,4 ћодуль VI тема 9

„еркас ¬.ё. Ц ѕриложение: є 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7


©ћосковский государственный университет

путей сообщени€ (ћ»»“), 2012



”чебно-методическое издание


ѕрактикум по английскому €зыку по устным темам


дл€ студентов I курса всех специальностей »”»“а, √уманитарного института, ёридического института и

¬ечернего факультета



под редакцией ≈.¬. ‘едоткиной


ѕодписано в печать ‘ормат “ираж 200 экз.

”сл.- печ. л. - «аказ »зд. є 279-10

127994, ћосква, ул. ќбразцова, 9, стр.9, √—ѕ - 4

“ипографи€ ћ»»“а


Module I: About myself, applying for a job

Text 1: About myself

Let me introduce myself. I am Gleb Pavlov. I was born on the 29 of September, 1993 in Moscow. I live in Moscow with my family, which is not large. There are three of us: my mother, my father and me.

I would like to begin with my mother, a pleasant Ц looking woman, in the middle of her forties. Her name is Elena Pavlova. She works as a Personnel Manager for a large travel company. She is well respected by her colleagues and knows how to build strong relationships with all departments at the company. The next one to speak about is my father, he is 45. His name is Andrew Pavlov. He is a software developer at JSC Russian Railways. His strong technical experience and education make him a a real professional in the sphere of IT. They are always ready to support me and give me some good advice

Now some words about me. I am tolerant, easy-going and responsible and diligent. I am fond of sport, music, literature and foreign languages. I am a confident computer user. This year Ive left secondary school and got the Certificate of Complete Secondary Education. To get this document I had to pass three Unified State Exams on Mathematics, Russian language and Social science. The total score of them gave me a chance to apply for five universities and be accepted by two of them. But I have chosen t he Moscow State University of Railway Engineering. The University is the leading and the largest transport institution in Russia.

Now I am a first year full time student of MSURE, studying at the Institute of the Humanities. These days it is evident for almost everyone that to have a good education and a permanent job you need to know at least one foreign language and English is the most useful language to learn. We have English only once a week, so I've decided to join evening classes of the University Language Centre to have extra lessons on English.

After graduating from the University I am interested in getting a prestigious and well-paid job in the sphere of Railway Management.


Questions for discussion:

1. When and where were you born?

2. What are your parents?

3. What are the main features of your character?

4. What are you fond of?

5. What exams did you have to pass to get the Certificate of Complete Secondary Education?

6. Would you like to improve your foreign language?

7. You had to take entrance examinations, didnТt you?

8. What are you now?

9. Where are you going to work after graduating from the University?

10. What are your plans for the future?


Text 2: Applying for a job

Finding permanent or summer employment is often a difficult and confusing process, with stressful interviews and unfamiliar rules of etiquette. First of all it is important to know where to learn about job openings. You can get the information about a vacancy through personal contacts, classified advertisings innational and local newspapers, trade magazines, the Internet resources, and employment agencies.

The most important rule to remember when applying for a job is to follow the directions. If the employer tells you to apply in person, don't call. If the job posting says to mail your resume, do not send it via email.

After you have found some jobs that interest you, the next step is to apply for them and to prepare thoroughly for the entire hiring process, so you can pass the interview and receive a job offer.

Many potential employers require completing an application form and submitting a CV / resume. Later an applicant will need to go on an interview to meet with an employer face to face.

An application form contains information on a candidate's education, work experience and skills. Often, your application form is the only information your potential employer has about you, so it should be complete, correct (no errors) and accurate. It needs to tell them clearly what makes you suitable for the vacancy. The most suitable candidates, based on their applications, will be interviewed and you need to be among them.

A CV/ resume is a summary of educational background, work experience, and accomplishments, as well as research experience, publications, presentations, awards, honors, and other details. The primary differences between a resume and a CV are the length, what is included and what each is used for. A resume is used exclusively in the USA. A CV is used in Europe, Asia and Africa. While a resume is brief and concise - no more than a page or two, a Curriculum Vitae is a longer and more detailed summary.A r esume emphasizes information on the experience, abilities and studies relevant for the objectives that must be fulfilled in a certain position for which you are applying.A CV is a compilation of all the academic data and experience of a person throughout his/her life.

The purpose of a CV / resume is to get an interview. Thus, your CV / resume needs to be perfect and persuasive to impress the hiring manager. There is a saying УFirst impression lasts longФ. Your CV / resume makes the first impression on an employer. It must be to the point and needs to set out, clearly but briefly, why you want the job and what you can do for the Company. It's important to include all your contact information in your CV / resume, so employers can easily get in touch with you.

A jobinterview is one of the most important parts of your job search. An interview is a formal discussion, in which an employer assesses an applicant for a job. Once you have been selected for a job interview, it's important to prepare properly. That means practicing interview questions and answers, dressing in appropriate interview clothes. After an interview, it is advantageous to send a thank-you note. This helps establish a relationship with the recruiter, shows interest in the position, and indicates personal responsibility. The first interview may be followed up with the second round. From there it is a short wait until the company calls back with their offer, or mails a rejection.

Thus, it is evident that getting a job depends on many factors such as an impressive application form, a well-done CV / resume and a job interview. Your chances of getting the job increase in proportion to the amount of time you spend preparing, so it really is worth the effort.

*Appendix: є 1, 2, 3


Questions for discussion:

1. What sources can you use to find information about vacancies?

2. What is the most important rule to follow when applying for a job?

3. What is an application form?

4. What is a CV / resume?

5. What is the difference between a resume and a CV?

6. What is the purpose of a CV / resume?

7. What is a job interview?

8. What will you have to prepare properly to a job interview?

9. What is the purpose of a thank-you note?

10. What are the factors that influence on getting a job?



Text 3: Job interview

A job interview is a 'conversation with an objective'. The objective for the interviewer is to find out if you are a suitable candidate for the vacancy. The process of interviewing constitutes an important part of the recruitment procedure.

Interviews are often stressful but you have to deal with this hiring process. Once you have been selected for a job interview, it's important to prepare properly. That means practicing interview questions and answers before appearing for any interview. It is good practice to research the company background.

Do not leave preparation for the interview for the last stage, or hope to say anything that comes to your mind at the moment. There is the phrase "failing to prepare is preparing to fail. Prepare well and you will improve your chances for success.

Interview etiquette is a very important part of getting a job. A candidate's ability to communicate is a very important point. It is necessary to have a logical flow of thoughts, an ability to listen and the art of taking correct decisions.

For any job interview, it's important to impress the interviewer from the moment you arrive. Here are some tips on how you can make the right impression.

  1. Dress formally: The first rule of thumb is always dress to impress. The clothes tell a lot about you to an interviewer. Plan to dress professionally in conservative clothing with appropriate shoes, minimal jewelry, and perfume. Even if the office is casual, you should dress in business clothes. Boys should make sure they are shaved, while girls can apply a light make-up. High heels and open toes are to be avoided.
  2. Be on time: Arrive early for your interview; itТs always better to be a few minutes early than late. If you're not sure where you're going get directions ahead of time and do a trial run, so you know where you're going. Make sure you turn your phone off before going into the interview room. Remember to bring an extra copy of your resume and a list of references.
  3. When you enter: Greet the interviewer. Do not be over-friendly. Do not sit down until asked. Sit straight and do not fold your arms. Look in the interviewer's eye while answering questions. DonТt use slang words or jargon, speak clearly and concisely. Keep your answers short and to the point. Always think about your answers but do not take too long in figuring them out. Do not discuss money, if the interviewer brings it up it is ok but donТt broach the subject yourself. During the interview stay calm and focused. DonТt allow yourself to be rattled.
  4. Stay calm: During the interview try to remain as calm as possible. If you donТt understand a question, ask for it to be repeated or rephrased. Pause before answering a question to gather your thoughts. Maintain a natural amount of eye contact but donТt stare. Emphasize what you can do to benefit the company rather than just what you are interested in.
  5. Be pleasant: Keep a cheerful disposition, do not contradict the interviewer even if he is wrong, keep a pleasant outlook. Do show enthusiasm and a genuine interest in the company and your interviewers. Keep your body language polite. Do not lean forward aggressively or sit with your arms folded across your chest. You should have good posture, but keep it relaxed and friendly. Do not be critical of your institute or past employer.
  6. Tricky situations: Stay calm, even if provoked. Of course, one cannot anticipate all questions so be ready for some surprises, too. Be well prepared not to be trapped in the cross-questioning. If you can't do so, simply back out and say you are not sure rather than saying something which you cannot defend. If you do not know how to answer a particular question, say, "I don't know, sir."
  7. Ask questions about the job: Prepare a list of questions you want to ask the interviewer, because you will probably be asked if you have any at the end of the interview. Having questions will show that you've done your homework and are truly interested in the position. Knowing as much as possible about the company's past performance and future plans can make your interview more interactive. Remember, you aren't simply trying to get the job - you are also interviewing the employer to assess whether this company and the position are a good for you.
  8. Follow Up: It's important to thank the interviewer for their time and to let them know that you look forward to hearing from them. Follow up by sending a thank-you note.

Remember, the job interview is a strategic conversation with a purpose. Don't forget that the interviewer is just trying to solve a problem - they need someone in that job. The interviewer is NOT trying to test you or to find fault. They want the vacancy filled as much as you want the job! Thus your goal is to persuade the employer that YOU have skills, background and ability to do the job and that you can comfortably fit into the organization.


Questions for discussion:

  1. What is the goal of any job interview?
  2. Why is the interview etiquette an important part for getting a job?
  3. What characteristics are important for a successful interview?
  4. How could a candidate prepare for an interview?
  5. How should a candidate be dressed?
  6. Why is it better to arrive early for the interview?
  7. How should the candidate behave during an interview?
  8. How should the candidate answer tricky questions?
  9. Why is it necessary to prepare a list of questions for an interviewer?
  10. Is it important to thank the interviewer with the thank-you note when the interview is over?

Module II: Education

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