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RECOMMENDED TEXTBOOKS

Lexical-phraseological combinability of words. Phraseological units.

 

1. Phraseological units and lexical units.

2. Phraseological units and free word-groups.

3. Phraseological units and idioms.

4. Types of phraseological units distinguished on the basis of various idimaticity degree.

5.Structural types of phraseological units.

6.Proverbs

 

TASKS

 

1. Give the definition of the term “phraseological unit”.

Name the criteria of segmentability of a word.

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·

·

Compare phraseological units and words and fill in the blanks in the following chart.

criteria PU word

Compare phraseological units and free word groups and fill in the blanks in the following chart.

criteria PU free word group

Name the restrictions which reflect structural invariability of a phraseological unit. Give your own examples.

· … Ex.:

· … Ex.:

· … Ex.:

Explain the structural principle of classification of phraseological units. Name the classes and provide your examples for each class.

·

·

·

·

·

7. Explain the semantic principle of classification of phraseological units. Who suggested this classification? Into what groups can PU be classed according to this principle? Provide the examples.

·

·

·

Compare phraseological units and proverbs and fill in the blanks in the following chart.

criteria PU proverb

Identify free and idiomatic word-combinations and give their Russian equivalents.

Hard apples, a hard task, a hard day, a hard winter, a hard father.

A heavy suitcase, a heavy sleeper, a heavy fall, to have a heavy heart, to smoke heavily, heavily armed terrorists.

10. Match the following adjectives and nouns to give English equivalents of the following Russian word-combinations. Can the English phrases be described as free word-combinations? Why (why not)?

1) высокая дисциплина, высокий долг, высокая идея, высокая концентрация

Strict debt

Great idea

Lofty discipline

Heavy concentration

 

2) сильная боль, сильная буря, сильный голод, сильное горе, сильный град

 

Great pain

Deep storm

Heavy hail

Bitter hunger

Bad distress

 

DO THE FOLLOWING EXERCISES FROM THE BOOK Антрушина Г.Б., Афанасьева О.В. Лексикология английского языка. М., Изд-во «Дрофа», 1999:

Chapter 12,13 Ex. 3 p.237, 3 p.253, 7 p.257

TOPICS FOR REPORTS

 

1. Prof. A.V.Koonin’s classification of phraseological units.

2. Prof. A.I.Smirnitsky’s classification of phraseological units.

3. Thematic classification of phraseological units.

 

RECOMMENDED TEXTBOOKS

 

1. Антрушина Г.Б., Афанасьева О.В. Лексикология английского языка. М., Изд-во «Дрофа», 1999

2. Гвишиани Н.Б. Современный английский язык. Лексикология. Москва., Изд-во Московского университета, 2000

3. Минаева Л.В. Лексикология и лексикография современного английского языка. М., Изд-во Ступени, 2003

4. Морозова А.Н., Мишина Ю.Е. Лексикология английского языка. Самара, Изд-во СГПУ, 2003

 


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