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Sequence of Tenses




(ѕравила узгодженн€ час≥в)

якщо присудок головного реченн€ стоњть у минулому час≥, то присудок п≥др€дного реченн€ повинен сто€ти в одному з минулих час≥в.

He says that He said that
he will translate this text tomorrow. he would translate that text tomorrow.
he translates such texts without a dictionary. he translated such texts without a dictionary.
he is translating this text now. he was translating that text at that time.
he has already translated this text. he had already translated that text.
he translated this text yesterday. he had translated that text the day before.

 

1. ќдночасн≥ д≥њ: Past Indefinite (головне реченн€) → Past Indefinite або Past Continuous (п≥др€дне реченн€).

We knew he drank only fruit juice. Ц ћи знали, що в≥н пТЇ т≥льки фруктовий с≥к.

2. ƒ≥€ п≥др€дного реченн€ в≥дбулас€ ран≥ше д≥њ головного реченн€: Past IndefinitеPast Perfect або Past Perfect Continuous.

I was sure that he had left Washington D.C. Ц я був упевнений, що в≥н поњхав з ¬ашингтона.

3. ƒ≥€ п≥др€дного реченн€ в≥дбудетьс€ п≥зн≥ше д≥њ головного реченн€: Past IndefiniteFuture-in-the-Past.

I hoped that I would find him at the conference. Ц я спод≥вавс€, що знайду його на конференц≥њ.

¬иключенн€ з правила узгодженн€ час≥в

якщо д≥Їслово у п≥др€дному реченн≥ виражаЇ загальнов≥домий факт або ситуац≥ю, €ка дос≥ не зм≥нилас€ та в≥дпов≥даЇ ≥снуючому стану речей, д≥Їслово у п≥др€дному реченн≥ може сто€ти у тепер≥шньому або майбутньому час≥.

Galileo proved that the earth moves round the sun. Ц √ал≥лео дов≥в, що «емл€ обертаЇтьс€ навколо —онц€.

I came to tell you that I will vote against you. Ц я прийшов тоб≥ сказати, що голосуватиму проти тебе.

 

Exercise 9 Translate the following sentences.

1. She thinks that you passed your examination in physics. She thought that you had passed your examination in physics. 2. They know you will graduate from the institute next year. They knew you would graduate from the institute the next year. 3. She wants to know whether you completed your work yesterday. She wanted to know whether you had completed your work the day before. 4. We know that the young writer is working on a novel. We knew that the young writer was working on a novel. 5. We knew that you had gone sightseeing. 6. He said he had lost his way. 7. He knew that I never missed the seminars. 8. We thought that we would be able to see our old friends. 9. They thought I could drive a car. 10. I knew he was experimenting at the lab. 11. We considered that she had already obtained her MasterТs degree in mathematics.

 





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