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Exercise 30 Translate the following sentences




1. «араз зима. 2. …ому було важко перекладати цю статтю, бо в≥н не знав багато сл≥в. 3. “ак дивно, що йому не сподобалось подорожувати. 4. ” к≥мнат≥ дуже темно ≥ € не бачу, що знаходитьс€ у дальньому кутку. 5. Ќам ц≥каво поговорити з ним. ¬≥н вчора повернувс€ з јнгл≥њ. 6. «араз шоста година. √адаю, дуже рано будити його. 7. ¬ам буде приЇмно подивитись на наше м≥сто. ¬оно дуже зм≥нилос€. 8. я знаю, що йому важко вчитис€ в ≥нститут≥ ≥ працювати на завод≥. 9. —тудентам було легко розмовл€ти з ним англ≥йською. 10. “ут дуже спекотно, чи не так?

Numerals

(„исл≥вники)

 ≥льк≥сн≥ Cardinal ѕор€дков≥ Ordinal  ≥льк≥сн≥ Cardinal ѕор€дков≥ Ordinal
1 - one the first 11 - eleven the eleventh
2 - two the second 12 - twelve (a dozen) the twelfth
3 - three the third 13 - thirteen the thirteenth
4 - four the fourth 20 - twenty (a score) the twentieth
5 - five the fifth 21 - twenty-one the twenty-first
6 - six the sixth 100 - one (a) hundred the hundredth
7 - seven the seventh 1000 Ц one (a) thousand the thousandth
8 - eight the eighth    
9 - nine the ninth    
10 - ten the tenth    

0 - (BrE) -nought, (AmE) - zero, (розм.) - oh

101 - one hundred and one (books)

1001 - one thousand and one

1235 - one thousand two hundred and thirty five = twelve hundred and thirty five

2, 045, 328 - two million forty-five thousand three hundred and twenty-eight

ƒ–ќЅ»

ѕрост≥ дроби ƒес€тков≥ дроби
1/2 - a half (half of a kilometre) 1/3 - a third (third of a ton) 1/4 - a fourth, a quarter 1/5 - a fifth 2/3 - two thirds 1 1/2 - one and a half 3/4 - three fourths, three quarters 0.2 - point two 1.56 - one point five six 3.5% - three and half per cent 1% - one per cent  

«апамТ€тайте:

* у два рази, два рази - twice * у три рази, три рази - three times * у чотири рази - four times * у чотири рази вище - four times as high * у... рази вище - числ≥вник + fold * раз - once * пара - a pair, a couple * дюжина - a dozen * п≥вдюжини - half a dozen  

The reaction was accelerated tenfold. Ц –еакц≥€ прискорилас€ у 10 paзiв.

 

ƒ≥њ

7 + 3 = 10 seven plus (and) three equals (is) ten

9 - 8 = 1 nine minus eight equals one

10 х 3 = 30 ten times (multiplied by) three equals (is, makes) thirty

20: 5 = 4 twenty divided by five equals (is) four

–озм≥ри, вим≥ри

3m x 4m - three meters by four meters

5cm3 - five cubic centimetres

60mph - sixty miles an hour (per hour)

5cm2 - five square centimetres

50mpg - fifty miles per (to) the gallon

Ќомери телефон≥в, автобус≥в та ≥н.

Tel: 14 Ц 07 Ц 44 one-four-oh-seven-double four

in Room 203 = room two-oh-three

to take bus 67 = sixty seven

on page 305 = three hundred and five = three Ц [ou] five.

ƒати

¬— = Before Christ - до –≥здва ’ристова, до нашоњ ери (до н.е.)

AD = anno domini = нашоњ ери (н.е.)

1900 - nineteen hundred

1999 AD - nineteen ninety nine [ei di:]

2000 ¬— - twenty hundred, two thousand [bi: si:]

2002 - two thousand (and) two, twenty hundred and two

2015 - twenty fifteen

GB: 3rd January 1998 = 3/1/98 = the third of January nineteen ninety eight

US: January 3, 1998 = 1.3.98 = January the third, nineteen ninety eight.

„ас

„ас до 12 00 дн€ позначаЇтьс€ Ц a.m., п≥сл€ 12 00дн€ Ц p.m.

  GB US Formal
7.00 seven oТclock, seven a.m.   seven hundred hour
7.03 three past seven three after seven seven oh three
7.15 a quarter past seven a quarter after seven seven fifteen
7.30 half past seven half after seven seven thirty
7.35 twenty five minutes to eight twenty five minutes before eight seven thirty - five
7.57 three minutes to eight three minutes before eight seven fifty-seven
12.00 midday, noon   twelve hundred hours
midnight   twenty-four hundred hours

 

Exercise 31 Read the numerals.

1) 5; 15; 50; 51; 12; 20; 11; 112; 201; 10; 446; 376; 267; 6,000,000; 0.85; 5.3; 0.6; 1/3; 7 1/8; 1/2; 4 1/4; 1,234; 1.234.

2) 1,005 students; 5,400,000 coins; 6.75 miles; by bus 9; in room 218; the 3rd time; 506 samples; 4,790 magazines; 627 hryvnias; on page 733; by tram 27; on the 12th day.

3) The 1st of January; on July the 16th, 1661; on August the 2nd, 2002; at the end of 1789; in early 1990s; on June 18, 1997; on December 31, 1991; on the 8th of July; at the beginning of 1770; in late 60s.

4) 5.4 tons; 2/3 of an inch; 0.2 pound; 9,152 gallon, 26.5 ounces; 4/9 of a mile; 0.1 foot; 7.89 grams.

5) The thirtieth kilometre, the second hour, the eleventh night, the eightieth year, the hundredth passenger, the first day, the sixteenth locomotive, the second proposal, the twentieth coach, the fifth floor.

Exercise 32Change cardinal numerals into ordinal.

6; 60; 7; 8; 18; 82; 9; 19; 91; 12; 100; 103; 300; 425; 705; 2,000; 7,056.

 

Exercise 33 Translate and read the word combinations.

a) 4 лютого 2001; 25 травн€ 1837; 17 серпн€ 1907; 8 червн€ 43 р. н.е.; у червн≥ 305 р. н.е.

b) 50 фунт≥в; 300 автомоб≥л≥в; 61 фунт; два м≥льйони тон; сотн≥ шухл€д; тис€ч≥ людей; 281 долар; дес€тки пол≥смен≥в; ш≥сть тис€ч гривень; пТ€ть ваших книжок; троЇ моњх друз≥в.

Dozen, hundred, thousand та million не мають зак≥нченн€ Цs п≥сл€ числа, few або several.

Three dozen bottles, a few hundred times, several million pounds

але: WeТve got dozens (of) bottles. She made millions in the property market.

 

Exercise 34 Put in dozen(s) (of), hundred(s) (of), thousand(s) (of) or million(s) (of).

1. He had to sign his name five (hundred) times. 2. We export 40 (million) tons a year. 3. I just need to borrow a few (hundred) pounds. 4. IТve told you (million) times. 5. (Thousand) refugees are flooding into the country. 6. Could I have two (dozen) eggs?





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