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He is not reading a book. He is reading a newspaper.

Урок 7

 

Таблица 7.1. Настоящее продолженное время - Present Continuous Tense

Образуется из: < be + причастие I (-ing) [ (am, is, are)
Утвердительная форма I am working He / She is working. It is working. We are working. You are working. They are working.
Отрицательная форма I am not working He / She is not working. It is not working. We are not working. You are not working. They are not working.

 

Exercise 1. Измените лицо в следующих предложениях и произведите необходимые изменения в сказуемом:

I am asking you a question.

I am not asking you a question.

 

Exercise 2. Поставьте следующие предложения в отрицательную форму:

1. We are listening to a friend of yours.

2. You are reading an English newspaper.

3. The student is showing us his project.

4. These workers are working at the same factory.

5. She is speaking about her work.

6. The children are reviewing the old words.

 

Exercise 3. В следующих предложениях откройте скобки и поставьте глагол в Present Continuous:

1. She (to look) at the picture.

2. We (to work) at our designs.

3. He (not to sit) here, he (to sit) there.

4. They (to answer) your question.

5. I (to speak) English now.

6. He (to tell) us a nice story.

7. The students (to write) a letter to their friends.

8. John (to ask) you a question.

9. We (to do) our exercises.

10. They (to send) a letter to their parents.

 

Exercise 4. Переведите на английский язык следующие предложения:

1. Мы читаем английскую газету.

2. Они работают над своими проектами.

3. Ребенок открывает окно.

4. Мы слушаем учителя.

5. Моя мать сидит у окна.

6. Мой сын стоит у доски.

7. Она посылает письмо дочери.

8. Рабочий рассказывает студентам о своей жизни и работе.

9. Мы повторяем грамматику (grammar material).

 

Exercise 5. Составьте предложения по образцу (первое предложение в отрицательной форме, второе, поясняющее, в утвердительной форме), используя приводимые ниже слова:

I am not sitting. I am standing.

He is not reading a book. He is reading a newspaper.

(to write – to read), (to open – to close), (to ask – to answer), (to put – to take), (to sit down – to stand up), (to do an exercise – to do a translation), (to speak English –to speak German.

 

Таблица 7.2. Present continuous tense

Утвердительная форма Вопросительная форма Отрицательная форма
... + am/is/are + IV Am/Is/Are ... + IV ? ... am/is/are not + IV
I am (=I'm) playing. Я играю. ( сейчас ) Am I playing? Я играю? I am not (=I'm not) playing. Я не играю.
He She It is playing =(...'s playing) Is he she it playing? He She It is not playing =(isn't playing)
We You They are playing =(...'re playing) Are we you they playing? We You They are not playing =(aren't play

 

Exercise 6. Ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1. Are you sitting at your table?

2. Are you speaking English now?

3. Are you telling the students about your father’s life?

4. Are you sitting or standing?

5. Are you speaking English or Russian?

6. Is your friend working at an office or at a factory?

7. Are you studying any foreign language?

8. Are you sending a letter or are you writing it?

 

Exercise 7. Ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1. What is standing at the blackboard?

2. Who is having an English class?

3. What are you doing?

4. What is he putting on the shelf?

5. What magazine are you reading?

6. What newspaper are you showing to the students?

7. What exercise are they doing?

 

Таблица 7.3. Предлог with

Предлог with 1. с, со: I am working with my friend. In front of the house there is a garden with a lot of flowers in it. 2. Передает отношения творительного падежа: I am writing with a pen. – Я пишу ручкой. He is writing with a red pencil. – Он пишет красным карандашом. I am busy with my work. – Я занят своей работой.

 

Exercise 8.Поставьте предлоги в следующих вопросах в конце предложений по образцу:

About what are you speaking?

What are you speaking about?

1. About who(m) is he speaking?

2. About what student are you asking?

3. With who(m) is your brother working?

4. At what are you looking?

5. To who(m) are you listening?

6. At what is he working?

7. With what is he writing?

8. About what are you asking him?

9. Of what are you fond?

10. With what are you busy?

11. To who(m) are you sending the letter?

12. With who(m) are you playing tennis?

 

Exercise 9.Переведите на английский язык:

What (whose) book are you reading?

1. Какую книгу ты читаешь?

2. На какую картину ты смотришь?

3. Какой вопрос ты задаешь?

4. Какое упражнение они делают?

5. На какой вопрос она отвечает?

6. Чей рассказ ты читаешь?

7. Чей журнал он берет?

8. Чьей ручкой он пишет?

9. Чью ручку ты даешь мне?

Who is sitting at the window?

1. Кто читает книгу?

2. Кто говорит?

3. Кто пишет на доске мелом?

4. Кто кладет газету на стол?

5. Кто повторяет слова урока 5?

6. Кому ты посылаешь письмо?

7. Кого ты слушаешь?

What are you doing?

1. Что ты делаешь?

2. Что ты читаешь?

3. Что ты слушаешь?

4. Что ты пишешь?

5. О чем ты рассказываешь им?

6. На что ты смотришь?

Where are you going?

1. Куда ты идешь?

2. Куда ты кладешь газету?

3. Где ты стоишь?

4. Где ты сидишь? 5.

Why are you opening the door?

1. Почему ты закрываешь окно?

2. Почему он задает тот же самый вопрос?

3. Почему вы спешите?

4. Почему вы не слушаете музыку?

 

Таблица 7.4. Предлоги места

on – на The book is on the table. in – в The cat is in the box. over – над The picture is over the sofa. under – под The box is under the bed. in front of – перед чем-либо The desk is in front of the window. behind – позади, за The kitchen-garden (огород) is behind the house.

 

Exercise 10.Переведите следующие словосочетания с предлогами на английский язык:

Перед окном;

Перед домом;

Под столом;

Под книгой;

Над письменным столом;

Над софой, за садом;

За деревом;

В книжном шкафу;

На полу.

 

 

Таблица 7.5. Направления движения

To the left – налево To the right – направо On the right – справа On the left – слева At the corner of – на углу To the top – к верху To the bottom – к низу At the end of – в конце, на конце On the other side of – на другой стороне Opposite – напротив Forward – вперед Back – назад Drive straight on along – ехать прямо по … Walk straight on – идти прямо вперед Go along – идти вдоль по … Stop next to – остановиться рядом с … Go across – пересечь Cross over – пройти через, переехать через… Turn round – развернуться Turn off – свернуть с… Go down – спуститься вниз Go up – подняться наверх Walk through – пройти через, пройти сквозь Take a left turn – повернуть налево Take a right turn – повернуть направо Under – под Over, above – над Next to, side by side – рядом Behind – позади, за Round, around – вокруг On – на (сверху) Inside, within – изнутри From within – изнутри Middle – середина

 

Exercise 11.Прочтите и переведите на русский язык следующие предложения

I. The students are going to the Institute.

The student is going to the blackboard.

I. The students are coming from the Institute.

The teacher is going from the door to the blackboard.

Take some paper from the shelf and give it to me, please.

1. I. The workers are coming into the plant.

I am putting my books into the bookcase.

She is putting the chalk into the box.

Put this pencil into your bag.

We are going out of the classroom.

The students are going out of the Institute.

She is taking the book out of her bag and putting it on the table.

Go out of the room, please.

Who is coming out of the house?

1. The children are going home from school.

Take the plates off the table.

My brother is going away.

Let her come in.

Don’t go home now.

Let me go home now.

 

Exercise 12.Переведите на английский язык:

1. Мы идем на завод.

2. Рабочие выходят из института.

3. Возьми чистую бумагу из шкафа и положи ее в мой портфель.

4. Идите в ту комнату и возьмите с полки несколько толстых книг.

5. Студенты идут из института на фабрику.

6. Войдите, пожалуйста.

7. Не входите в комнату.

8. Не выходите из кухни.

9. Дети идут домой. 1

0. Уберите чашки и тарелки со стола.

11. Он уезжает.

 

Exercise 13.Прочитайте и переведите текст.

A Few Words About My Institute and My Studies Our Institute is very large and very old. There are seven floors in the building of our Institute. Our classroom is on the first floor. It is just near the dean’s office. The dining-hall is on the same floor too.

There are a lot of classrooms and lecture-halls in our Institute. The classrooms are small. The lecture-halls are large. There is much light and air in them because the windows are large and the ceiling is high.

In front of thebuilding of our Institute there is a large garden. In the middle of it there is a monument to the great Russian scientist Lomonosov. There are a great many beautiful flowers in the garden and around the monument. Behind the garden there is a sports ground. There are no students there except one group of students playing volley-ball. They are having a class in physical culture.

The students are not in the garden now, because they are having classes. They are listening to lectures or working in the workshops, but there are a few students in the reading-room just now.

The reading-room and the library in our Institute are on the third floor. They are big halls full of light and air. There are some nice flowers on the window sills. On the walls there is a map and some portraits of great writers and scientists. There are also a few nice pictures there. They are pictures by our young modern artists.

At the walls there are a lot of bookcases full of Russian and foreign books. There are also a great number of various newspapers and magazines on the shelves and on the desks.

Look at the picture of our reading-room. There are a few students there. Two boys and a girl sitting at the window are final- year students. They are working at their graduation projects.

They are drawing. Some of the second-year students sitting in the corner of the hall are looking through the English magazine “Design”. Those students are studying the English language, that’s why they are speaking English just now.

One of the girls is going out of the hall. The other girl is coming in. There are also a few students standing at the librarian’s table. The librarians are helping them to choose the necessary books for their studies. One of the librarians is taking a book from the shelf. The other is showing a magazine to the student. He is looking it through. One of the girls is putting the book into her bag. She is thanking the librarian:

· Thank you for the book.

· Not at all.

· Good-bye.

· See you soon again.

Some other students sitting near the windows are preparing their homework; they are writing and reading. They are doing their exercises.

Four boys standing around the table in the middle of the hall are first-year students. They are making a poster for the coming holidays. They are drawing and painting. The poster reads: «Long Live Peace!»

 

Exercise 14.Ответьте на вопросы:

1. Are you a student or a worker?

2. What year student are you?

3. How many floors are there in the building of your Institute?

4. Are there any foreign students in your Institute?

5. How many students are there in your group?

6. How many students are present today?

7. Who is on duty today?

8. Who is late today?

9. What are you doing now?

10. Who is standing at the blackboard?

11. What language are you studying?

12. Are you fond of English?

13. Are you students of the same group?

14. What is the number of your group?

15. Are there any workshops in your Institute?

16. What year students are working in the workshops now?

17. What floor is the dean’s office on?

18. Where is the student’s dining-hall?

 

Exercise 15. Поставьте к следующим предложениям специальные вопросы:

1. We are speaking English (2).

2. The engineer is speaking about his design (2).

3. The student is answering the teacher’s question (3).

4. The girl is showing us her picture (3).

5. The teacher is writing a sentence on the blackboard with chalk (4).

6. They are listening to a lecture on physical culture (2).

7. She is hurrying to her office (1).

8. We are from Moscow (2).

 

Exercise 16. Переведите на английский язык:

1. Кто сегодня дежурит?

2. Извините, я опоздал.

3. Входите, пожалуйста.

4. Анна входит в читальный зал.

5. Войдите в комнату и закройте дверь.

6. Куда идет этот студент? – Он идет в библиотеку.

7. Я беру английские журналы в библиотеке.

8. Вы идете в институт или на завод?

9. Урок не кончился.

10. С кем разговаривает девушка, стоящая у окна?

11. Я студент первого курса.

12. Студент, разговаривающий с библиотекарем, – мой друг.

13. Девушка, вынимающая книгу из шкафа, – студентка пятого курса.

14. Помоги мне сделать это упражнение.

15. Сколько лет вашему сыну?

16. Как зовут эту девушку?

17. Какие журналы он отбирает для работы?

18. Библиотека находится как раз рядом с деканатом.

19. Столовая на том же самом этаже.

20. Магазин находится в другом доме.

 


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