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Activity 1. Work in pairs. Ask and answer the questions on text 1A.




 

Activity 2. Translate in writing and reproduce:

Dialogue 1.

- ƒобрий день, ѕ≥тер. ƒавно тебе не бачив. ƒе ти був весь цей час?

- я зараз живу в ’арков≥. я вступив до ’арк≥вського автомоб≥льно-дорожнього ун≥верситету.

- ѕравда? “ак, € пам'€таю, що ти завжди захоплювавс€ автомоб≥л€ми, њх ≥стор≥Їю. ј на €кому факультет≥ ти навчаЇшс€?

- я вчус€ на другому курс≥ автомоб≥льного факультету.

- ” вас багато пар щодн€?

- “ак, по три-чотири пари. ” нас багато предмет≥в техн≥чноњ спр€мованост≥, де ми вивчаЇмо пристр≥й автомоб≥л≥в, а також у нас Ї гуман≥тарн≥ предмети Ц ≥стор≥€, ф≥лософ≥€, украњнська мова, англ≥йська мова та ≥н.

Dialogue 2.

- “и знаЇш, € недавно прочитав дуже ц≥каву книгу з ≥стор≥њ автомоб≥л≥в ≥ знайшов там багато ц≥кавого.

- ѕравда? ÷е дуже ц≥каво. я знаю, що перш≥ машини з'€вилис€ в XVIII стол≥тт≥, але вже Ћеонардо да ¬≥нч≥ створював перш≥ кресленн€ ≥ модел≥ транспортних засоб≥в.

- “ак, € теж прочитав це. ќднак Ї верс≥€, що перший автомоб≥ль на паровому ходу був побудований близько 1672 року €к ≥грашка дл€ китайського ≥мператора. ≤ хоча в≥н був невеликого розм≥ру ≥ не м≥г везти вод≥€ ≥ пасажир≥в, але, можливо, в≥н був першим працюючим паровим транспортом.

- Ќевже? я н≥коли про це не чув.

- “ак, також там пишуть, що перший автомоб≥ль з бензиновим двигуном, €кий д≥йсно використовувавс€, був сконструйований одночасно дек≥лькома незалежними н≥мецькими винах≥дниками, одним з €ких був  арл Ѕенц. ¬≥н побудував св≥й перший автомоб≥ль в 1885 роц≥.

 

Dialogue 3.

- я вчора тоб≥ дзвонив к≥лька раз≥в, але так ≥ не зм≥г додзвонитис€.

- “ак, мене запросили на виставку, присв€чену ≥стор≥њ автомоб≥л≥в ≥ € з рад≥стю погодивс€. “и ж знаЇш, що мене з дитинства ц≥кавить все, що стосуЇтьс€ транспорту, застосуванн€ ≥нновац≥йних технолог≥й в автомоб≥лебудуванн≥, а також ≥стор≥€ створенн€ автомоб≥л≥в.

- “ак, € чув про цю виставку. ѓњ вже проводили у ‘ранц≥њ, в Ќ≥меччин≥ ≥ в де€ких ≥нших крањнах ™вропи. ≤ що ж тоб≥ там сподобалос€ найб≥льше?

- “ам були представлен≥ модел≥ автомоб≥л≥в, починаючи з к≥нц€ XIX стол≥тт€ ≥ до нашого часу. “ак що можна було простежити всю ≥стор≥ю автомоб≥лебудуванн€. Ѕуло к≥лька моделей американських електромоб≥л≥в к≥нц€ ’IX стол≥тт€. “акож мен≥ дуже сподобалас€ виставка роб≥т, присв€чена ≥стор≥њ парових автомоб≥л≥в, а кр≥м того Ц секц≥њ, присв€чен≥ ≥стор≥њ автомоб≥лебудуванн€ в р≥зних крањнах Ц в —Ўј, у ‘ранц≥њ, в Ќ≥меччин≥, в япон≥њ, –ос≥њ ≥ в ≥нших крањнах. ¬еликий ≥нтерес дл€ в≥дв≥дувач≥в представл€ла виставка сучасних автомоб≥л≥в, оснащених самими останн≥ми розробками в област≥ науки ≥ техн≥ки.

- “ак, це д≥йсно дуже ц≥каво. Ўкода, що мен≥ не вдалос€ туди потрапити. якщо њњ будуть проводити в нашому м≥ст≥ ще раз, € теж ≥з задоволенн€м њњ в≥дв≥даю.

 

Activity 3. Make up your own dialogues on the theme The History of the Automobile.

 

VIII. Skim text 1B and get ready to speak about the world`s largest automotive companies.

Text 1B

Driven To Succeed: The WorldТs 10 Largest Automotive Companies

The automotive industry is a wide range of companies and organizations involved in the design, development, manufacture, marketing, and selling of motor vehicles. It is one of the world's most important economic sectors by revenue.

The automotive industry began in the 1890s with hundreds of manufacturers that pioneered the horseless carriage. For many decades, the United States led the world in total automobile production. In 1929 before the Great Depression, the world had 32,028,500 automobiles in use, and the U.S. automobile industry produced over 90% of them. At that time the U.S. had one car per 4.87 persons. After World War II, the U.S. produced about 75 percent of world's auto production. In 1980, the U.S. was overtaken by Japan and became world's leader again in 1994. In 2006, Japan narrowly passed the U.S. in production and held this rank until 2009, when China took the top spot with 13.8 million units. With 19.3 million units manufactured in 2012, China almost doubled the U.S. production, with 10.3 million units, while Japan was in third place with 9.9 million units.

Today, the global automotive industry has gone through rapid change, and is full of tense competition between big players fighting for larger market share. Nowadays, that means a lot of integration of advanced computers into cars, used to improve everything from navigation, to battery charging, to entertainment. Together with the superior safety and reliability of the cars of today, better performance, comfort and style, energy efficiency, and reduced environmental impact are and continue to be the priorities for automobile makers with their eyes fixed on delivering the most popular products of tomorrow.

There are several automobile companies who mint money selling cars, and there are others who made their fortune marketing trucks. ItТs a complicated market, filled with dozens of options that tailor to different crowds, different tastes, and different incomes.

Here are the 10 largest automobile companies in the world.

Toyota, the world`s largest automaker, was founded in 1937 by Kiichito Toyota. Today, Toyota is the world`s largest producer of trucks, and the second largest manufacturer of cars, just behind Volkswagen. As of 2013, Toyota is also the thirteenth-largest company in the world by revenue. The largest listed company in Japan by market capitalization and revenue, Toyota has also one of the largest conglomerates in the world Ц the TMC.

Commonly known as GM, General Motors is an American automobile company which manufactures vehicles in 37 countries worldwide and produces several brands, including Chevrolet, GMC, Isuzu, Opel Buick, and Cadillac. It was also the largest producer of light commercial vehicles in 2012, with over 2.6 million units built.

This company also led global vehicle sales from 1931 to 2007 Ц 77 consecutive years Ц the longest ever in automotive history.

Founded in the year 1937, Volkswagen is Germany`s largest automobile manufacturing company. Known by the slogan ЂDas Autoї (ЂThe Carї), it is the largest manufacturer of cars in the world, boasting an impressive total of 8,576,964 cars produced in 2013. However, it comes just shy of the lead in overall vehicle manufacture, with a total output of 9,254,742 vehicles. Volkaswagen also has the world`s three best selling cars of all time: the Volkswagen Golf, the Volkswagen Beetle, and the Volkswagen Passat. Not only involved in manufacture, Volkswagen is also the highest-spending company for research and development of automobiles.

Hyundai Motor Company is a 1967-founded South Korean multinational, and is the third largest producer of cars in the world. American car sales surged in 2013 thanks to Hyundai, as it recorded the all-time US sales record in August last year by exceeding a total sales of 66,000 units. Centennial, Genesis and Accent are some of the most popular car brands produced by Hyundai. Hyundai vehicles are sold in 193 countries worldwide, through around 6,000 dealerships and showrooms.

American automobile company Ford was founded in 1903 by Henry Ford. This multinational automaker is headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, and sells automobiles and commercial vehicles under its brand, and most of its luxury offerings under the Lincoln brand. Also listed on the New York Stock Exchanges, it is described as one of the most important industrial company in the history of America. Ford is the second largest automaker in the US and the seventh largest car producer in the world.

Founded in 1933, Nissan is a Japanese multinational automobile company headquartered in Yokohama, Japan. It is one of the largest manufacturers of light commercial vehicles, as well as of heavy commercial vehicles. The company is also known for manufacturing several memorable sports cars, like the Datsun Fairlady.

The company runs with two business segments, one which manufactures and sells vehicles, accessories, forklifts and marine products while the Sales Financing segment carries out the sales financing services.

Japanese public multinational corporation Honda Motor Company is known for the manufacture of automobiles and motorcycles. It has been the leading manufacturer of motorcycles since 1959, as well as the largest manufacturer of internal combustion engines in automobiles. It was the first Japanese automobile manufacturer, and released its first dedicated luxury brand, Acura, in 1986.

Beside manufacture of automobiles and their motorcycle businesses, Honda also produces power generators, personal watercrafts and marine engines. It is also involved in manufacture of robots with ASIMO being one of the best robots in the world.

Started as a coffee mill and bicycle manufacturing company in 1810, Peugeot SA established itself as an automobile manufacturing company in 1890. Today, Peugeot is a France-based manufacturer of passenger cars, motorcycles, bicycles, commercial vehicles and several automobile spare parts.

Though Peugeot has been popular in Europe, this company has not done much business in the US since 1991.

A Japanese multinational corporation headquartered in Minani-ku, Hamamatsu, Japan, Suzuki specializes in the manufacture of four-wheel drive vehicles, wheel chairs, automobiles, ATVs and small combustion engines. The second largest manufacturer of cars and trucks in Japan, Suzuki operates its business in three separate areas; the two-wheel vehicle branch, three-wheel vehicle branch, and the specialty vehicle branch. Indian company Maruti`s collaboration with Suzuki saw some quality cars released, including the Maruti Alto, Swift, Maruti Suzuki and Estilo, which were the highest selling cars in India.

Renault is a French multinational automobile company founded in 1899. This company is part-owned by France, with 15 percent of its stakes held by the French government. Renault manufactures Light commercial vehicles (LCV) only and does not manufacture heavy commercial vehicles or buses. Renault also does not market its cars in the US. It is the third-largest European automaker by production, coming in just under Volkswagen and PSA. This company is widely known for its presence in several motor sports, including Formula 1.

 

Summary writing.

Activity 1. Rearrange and write the following sentences in a paragraph that summarizes the text:

1. The largest automobile companies in the world include Toyota, General Motors, Volkswagen, Hyundai, Ford, Nissan, Honda, Peugeot, Suzuki and Renault.

2. In 2006, Japan narrowly passed the U.S. in production and held this rank until 2009, when China took the top spot with 13.8 million units.

3. The automotive industry is a wide range of companies and organizations involved in the design, development, manufacture, marketing, and selling of motor vehicles.

4. For many decades, the United States led the world in total automobile production.

5. The automotive industry began in the 1890s with hundreds of manufacturers that pioneered the horseless carriage.

6. Nowadays, that means a lot of integration of advanced computers into cars, used to improve everything from navigation, to battery charging, to entertainment.

7. Together with the superior safety and reliability of the cars of today, better performance, comfort and style, energy efficiency, and reduced environmental impact are and continue to be the priorities for automobile makers with their eyes fixed on delivering the most popular products of tomorrow.

8. There are several automobile companies who mint money selling cars, and there are others who made their fortune marketing trucks.

9. Today, the global automotive industry has gone through rapid change, and is full of tense competition between big players fighting for larger market share. Today, the global automotive industry has gone through rapid change, and is full of tense competition between big players fighting for larger market share.

10. In 1980, the U.S. was overtaken by Japan and became world's leader again in 1994.

Activity 2. Translate into English using the dictionary:

—ьогодн≥ япон≥€ Ї л≥дером св≥тового автомоб≥лебудуванн€. ќднак в епоху народженн€ автомоб≥л€, все було по-≥ншому. ѕерш≥ автомоб≥л≥ в япон≥њ з'€вилис€ т≥льки на початку 20 стол≥тт€ ≥ створен≥ вони були на основ≥ Ївропейського досв≥ду.

« 1907 року в япон≥њ стали з'€вл€тис€ власн≥ автомоб≥л≥, але з≥бран≥ вони були переважно з ≥мпортних запчастин. ѕершопрох≥дцем в ц≥й справ≥ став €понський ≥нженер ≤ош≥да Ў≥нейтаро, €кий створив повноц≥нний автомоб≥ль з ≥мпортним двигуном внутр≥шнього згор€нн€.

ѕершим по-справжньому €понським автомоб≥лем став Mitsubishi Model A, випущений в 1917 роц≥. ¬инах≥д призначалос€ дл€ пол≥тичноњ ел≥ти.

« 1918 року ур€д почав субсидувати випуск автомоб≥л≥в. “од≥ ≥ з'€вилас€ компан≥€ Tokyo Ishikawajima Ship Building and Engineering, €ка налагодила масовий випуск автомоб≥л≥в. –езультатом њњ роботи став автомоб≥ль Wolseley A9 ≥ перша €понська вантаж≥вка, €ка була випущена в 1922 роц≥.

” 1933 роц≥ компан≥Їю Mitsubishi був розроблений перший повноприв≥дний автомоб≥ль. јналог≥в такому винаходу в св≥т≥ на той момент не було. ћ≥цна рама, покришки з агресивним протектором, потужний двигун ≥ прив≥д на чотири колеса Ц цими характеристиками повинен був волод≥ти ≥деальний автомоб≥ль в≥йськового часу.

” 1937 роц≥ вийшов новий закон про автомоб≥льну промислов≥сть, що стало зеленим св≥тлом дл€ по€ви нових л≥дер≥в автомоб≥лебудуванн€ Ц Suzuki, Mazda, Subaru, Honda. ¬ к≥нц≥ 30-х рок≥в зТ€вилас€ ≥ знаменита Toyota, €ка блискуче виконала велике держзамовленн€ на поставку машин, ≥ швидко зайн€ла л≥дируюч≥ позиц≥њ в авто≥ндустр≥њ.

« цього часу почалас€ нова ера €понського автомоб≥лебудуванн€ Ц виробництво високо€к≥сних ≥ недорогих автомоб≥л≥в, €к≥ згодом завоювали св≥тову попул€рн≥сть.

 





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