Ћекции.ќрг


ѕоиск:




 атегории:

јстрономи€
Ѕиологи€
√еографи€
ƒругие €зыки
»нтернет
»нформатика
»стори€
 ультура
Ћитература
Ћогика
ћатематика
ћедицина
ћеханика
ќхрана труда
ѕедагогика
ѕолитика
ѕраво
ѕсихологи€
–елиги€
–иторика
—оциологи€
—порт
—троительство
“ехнологи€
“ранспорт
‘изика
‘илософи€
‘инансы
’ими€
Ёкологи€
Ёкономика
Ёлектроника

 

 

 

 


Open-test (полна€ верси€).

“ема 3.5.  онтроль навыков усвоени€ лексического и грамматического

ћатериала, пройденного в 1 семестре.

Open-test (полна€ верси€).

60 вопросов выбираютс€ методистом колледжа произвольно.

 

“ест јнглийский €зык —в€зь 1 курс 1 семестр
“ема 1 ѕравила чтени€ окончаний существительных и видовременных форм глагола
¬2 ¬ыберите слова, в которых окончание читаетс€ как [ t ]:
ќ continent
ќ transmit
ќ invent
ќ speed
¬2 ¬ыберите слова, в которых окончание читаетс€ как [ z ]:
ќ days
ќ classes
ќ electric
ќ process
¬2 ¬ыберите слова, в которых окончание читаетс€ как [ s ]:
ќ points
ќ focus
ќ bus
ќ boys
¬2 ¬ыберите слова, в которых окончание читаетс€ как [ k ]:
ќ concentric
ќ dielectric
ќ plastic
ќ weak
“ема 2 “ипы чтени€ гласных
¬1 ¬ыберите слово, в котором произношение ударного гласного звука соответствует звуку [ e ]:
ќ message
ќ continent
ќ information
ќ cable
¬1 ¬ыберите слово, в котором произношение ударного гласного звука соответствует звуку [ ai ]:
ќ micro
ќ relay
ќ local
ќ amplify
¬1 ¬ыберите слово, в котором произношение ударного гласного звука соответствует звуку [ ei ]:
ќ patent
ќ return
ќ travel
ќ artificial
¬2 ¬ыберите слова, в которых произношение ударного гласного звука соответствует звуку [ u: ]:
ќ improve
ќ proof
ќ industry
ќ coaxial
“ема 3 —оциально Ц бытова€ сфера общени€
¬2 ¬ыберите слова, относ€щиес€ к теме Ђ Communication ї:
ќ transmit
ќ receive
ќ communicate
ќ social interaction
¬1 ¬ыберите выражение, Ќ≈ относ€щеес€ к теме Ђ Network development ї:
ќ comprehensive school
ќ connecting contact
ќ space wave
ќ high speed
¬2 ¬ыберите слова, относ€щиес€ к теме Ђ Space communication ї:
ќ travel
ќ launch
ќ flight
ќ salary
¬2 ¬ыберите фразы, относ€щиес€ к теме Ђ Transmitting lines ї:
ќ electric energy
ќ metal wires
ќ conducting wires
ќ play football
¬2 ¬ыберите слова, относ€щиес€ к теме Ђ Coaxial cable ї:
ќ drag
ќ dimension
ќ cylindrical
ќ space
“ема 4 ”чебноЦтрудова€ сфера общени€
¬1 ¬ыберите соответствующую характеристику к слову Ђ communication ї:
ќ is the process of exchanging information.
ќ is a complex wire system to transmit a number of television signals at the same time.
ќ transmits radio and television signals around the curved surface of the Earth
ќ is a high altitude rocket.
¬1 ¬ыберите соответствующее значение к выражению Ђ the first man in space Ч travelled around the Earthї.:
ќ Yuri Gagarin
ќ audio and video recordings
ќ new technology
ќ modern cable
¬1 ¬ыберите выражение, Ќ≈ относ€щеес€ к теме Ђ Transmission lines ї:
ќ product's characteristics
ќ outdoor aerial
ќ conducting surface
ќ indoor aerial
¬1 ¬ыберите соответствующую характеристику к слову Ђ polythene ї:
ќ is a thermoplastic material used as insulator.
ќ is the process of exchanging information.
ќ is a complex wire system to transmit a number of television signals at the same time.
ќ is a high altitude rocket.
“ема 5 —оциальноЦкультурна€ сфера общени€
¬1 ¬ыберите Ђ лишнее ї выражение:
ќ compressed gas
ќ "early radio"
ќ modern radio receivers
ќ modern radio
¬1 ¬ыберите интернациональное слово:
ќ metal
ќ frequencies
ќ parts
ќ circuit
¬2 ¬ыберите из предложенных вариантов предложений те, которые относ€тс€ к будущему времени:
ќ The aircraft will take the ship to an altitude of 17,000 meters.
ќ The spaceships being designed will be placed on top of the carrier air≠craft.
ќ This company has constructed a mock-up of reusable spaceship.
ќ Nowadays some aerospace companies have been making plans for con≠structing a suborbital ship.
¬1 ¬ыберите Ђ лишнее ї выражение:
ќ teacher college
ќ lead-sheathed cables
ќ long-length cabling
ќ lead-sheathed paper-core cables
“ема 6 —трановедение
¬2 ¬ каких странах празднуетс€ ƒень благодарени€ ( Thanksgiving Day )?
ќ Canada
ќ United States
ќ Russia
ќ United Kingdom
¬2 ¬ыберите страны, вход€щие в состав ¬еликобритании:
ќ England
ќ Scotland
ќ Wales
ќ Northern Ireland
¬1 ¬ какой стране впервые постулировались математические данные по исследованию космоса Ђ The first spaceship was a high altitude rocket. It was launched from the Earth, travelled through the atmosphere into space and returned to the Earth. Information on space collected by the rocket was transmitted to the Earth via telemetry. ћathematically based data on space exploration were postulated by K.E. Tsiolkovsky in Russiaї?:
ќ Russia
ќ United Kingdom
ќ United States
ќ South Korea
“ема 7 —инонимы
¬1 ¬ыберите слово, подход€щее по значению к слову Ђ communicate ї:
ќ transmit
ќ use
ќ invent
ќ serve
¬1 ¬ыберите эквивалент выражени€ Ђ соединительный провод ї:
ќ connecting wire
ќ high speed
ќ useful equipment
ќ local sources
¬1 ¬ыберите синоним к слову Ђ quite ї:
ќ absolutely
ќ velocity
ќ operation
ќ usefulness
“ема 8 јнтонимы
¬1 ¬ыберите антоним к слову Ђ long ї:
ќ short
ќ interesting
ќ possible
ќ current
¬1 ¬ыберите антоним к слову Ђ amplify ї:
ќ relax
ќ curve
ќ radiate
ќ reflect
¬1 ¬ыберите антоним к слову Ђ reduce ї:
ќ increase
ќ vary
ќ depend on
ќ generate
“ема 9 »м€ существительное
¬2 ¬ыберите из списка слова, которые €вл€ютс€ существительными:
ќ message
ќ information
ќ communicate
ќ possibly
¬1 ¬ыберите подход€щую по значению форму имени существительного one engine Ц two _______:
ќ engines
ќ engagements
ќ engine-drivers
ќ engineers
¬2 ¬ыберите интернациональные слова:
ќ gas
ќ company
ќ advantage
ќ capacitor
“ема 10 »м€ прилагательное
¬1 «аполните пропуск, употребив правильную форму имени прилагательного Ђ People today also widely use videotape recorders to record _______ programs ї.:
ќ television
ќ televisionous
ќ televisionory
ќ televisionive
¬1 «аполните пропуск, употребив правильную форму имени прилагательного Ђ A _____ era in space communication opened on April 12, 1961 ї.:
ќ new
ќ newcomer
ќ newness
ќ news
¬1 «аполните пропуск, употребив правильную форму имени прилагательного Ђ The basic technological part of energy transmission process is a long transmission line, and a cable is its ______ part ї.:
ќ the most main
ќ mainage
ќ more mainment
ќ the mainth
“ема 11 ћестоимени€
¬1 «аполните пропуск, выбрав подход€щую по значению форму местоимени€ Ђ For people who have personal computers (PC) Ч and ______ number is growing Ч computer-to-computer communication has become very popular ї.:
ќ their
ќ his
ќ her
ќ they
¬1 «аполните пропуск, выбрав подход€щую по значению форму местоимени€ Ђ German Titov was the second Soviet cosmonaut. ______ communicated with the Earth by radiophone ї.:
ќ he
ќ its
ќ his
ќ our
¬1 «аполните пропуск, выбрав подход€щую по значению форму местоимени€ Ђ The passengers in the ship will experience weightlessness. ______ will see the Earth from the space ї.:
ќ they
ќ them
ќ their
ќ he
“ема 12 ¬идовременные формы глагола
¬2 ¬ыберите подход€щие по значению варианты вопросов в предложении Ђ At the beginning of the 20th century "early radio" became possible to transmit messages without wires ї.:
ќ When did "early radio" become possible to transmit messages without wires?
ќ Did "early radio" become possible to transmit messages without wires at the beginning of the 20th century?
ќ What "early radio" became possible to transmit messages without wires at the beginning of the 20th century?
ќ Why "early radio" became possible to transmit messages without wires at the beginning of the 20th century?
¬1 ¬ыберите подход€щую по значению форму глагола вместо пропуска Ђ The first spaceship ______ a high altitude rocket ї.:
ќ was
ќ shall be
ќ were
ќ were not
¬2 ¬ыберите подход€щие по значению варианты вопросов к предложению Ђ Gas-insulated lines can thus transmit power over larger distances than cable lines ї.:
ќ Can gas-insulated lines transmit power over larger distances than cable lines?
ќ Do gas-insulated lines transmit power over larger distances than cable lines?
ќ Does gas-insulated lines transmit power over larger distances than cable lines?
ќ What kind of gas-insulated lines transmit power over larger distances than cable lines?
“ема 13 ћодальные глаголы
¬1 ¬ыберите правильный эквивалент предложению Ђ —егодн€ люди могут широко использовать видеозаписывающие устройства, чтобы сделать запись телевизионных программ ї.:
ќ People can widely use video recorders to record television programs today.
ќ People could widely use video recorders to record television programs today.
ќ People must widely use video recorders to record television programs today.
ќ People ought to use video recorders to record television programs today.
¬2 ¬ыберите варианты правильно построенных предложений с модальными глаголами:
ќ Nowadays spaceships may be launched from the Earth.
ќ Ought spaceships be launched from the Earth?
ќ Lines used for energy transmission may be classed into the following three types: overhead, indoor and underground.
ќ Spaceships has to be launched from a satellite space station.
¬1 ¬ыберите правильный эквивалент предложению Ђ ѕодземные линии могут использоватьс€ в городах и в промышленных районах ї.:
ќ Underground lines may be used in cities and in industrial areas.
ќ In cities and in industrial areas underground lines may not used.
ќ Underground lines must used in cities and in industrial areas.
ќ In cities and in industrial areas underground lines was shall be used.
“ема 14 —традательный залог
¬1 ¬ыберите русский эквивалент выделенного глагола в страдательном залоге Ђ Messages WERE SENT by wireless telegraph that is now called "early radio" ї.:
ќ посылались
ќ будут посылатьс€
ќ посылаютс€
ќ не посланы
¬2 ¬ыберите варианты верно построенных предложений в страдательном залоге:
ќ The radio-controlled spaceship named Vostokwas equipped with two-way radio transmitters.
ќ Can a spaceship be launched into space several times?
ќ Experimental operations were repeated several times.
ќ Messages will retransmitting by means of cable transmission.
¬1 ¬ыберите русский эквивалент выделенного глагола в страдательном залоге Ђ Conductors and transformers ARE CONNECTED to the lines since they serve as the means of reducing heating and radiation losses ї.:
ќ подключены
ќ не подключены
ќ будут подключены
ќ подключаютс€ сейчас
“ема 15 јртикли
¬2 ¬ыберите варианты предложений с правильным употреблением артиклей:
ќ Ireland is situated in Europe.
ќ She likes to go to the theatre.
ќ St.Petersburg is situated on the Neva river.
ќ He usually travels by the car.
¬1 ¬ыберите правильный артикль к предложению Ђ_______ telephone and tele≠graph networkscan be carried out through the combination of the sources into networks ї.
ќ -
ќ a
ќ the
ќ an
¬2 ¬ыберите варианты предложений с правильным употреблением артиклей:
ќ Cables were put under the Atlantic Ocean.
ќ At the beginning of the 19th cen≠tury the electric revolution made great progress.
ќ Cables were put under an Atlantic Ocean.
ќ At the beginning of 19th cen≠tury the electric revolution made great progress.
“ема 16 ѕредлоги места, времени, направлени€
¬1 ¬ыберите подход€щий по значению предлог Ђ Artificial communication satellites are placed ______ an orbit around the Earth ї.:
ќ in
ќ to
ќ at
ќ by
¬1 ¬ыберите подход€щий по значению предлог Ђ Journalists viewing a model of the three-seat S-XXI reusable spaceship for tourists _____ the air base ї.:
ќ at
ќ by
ќ in
ќ to
¬1 ¬ыберите подход€щий по значению предлог Ђ Far ahead of them is the Design Bureau of an aerospace company _____ Russia ї.:
ќ in
ќ at
ќ on
ќ by
“ема 17 ћестоимени€ many/much, few/little, a few/a little
¬1 ¬ыберите подход€щее по значению местоимение Ђ Nowadayspeople have ______ black-and-white television ї.:
ќ a little
ќ little
ќ a few
ќ much
¬1 ¬ыберите подход€щее по значению местоимение Ђ Yuri Gagarin Ч the first man in space Ч travelled around the Earth ______ time ї.:
ќ little
ќ a little
ќ many
ќ a few
¬1 ¬ыберите подход€щее по значению местоимение Ђ The gas-insulated lines include ______ conductors and each of them is placed inside a tube ї.:
ќ many
ќ little
ќ much
ќ a few
“ема 18 Ѕудущее врем€ в придаточных предложени€х услови€ и времени
¬1 ¬ыберите правильный вариант употреблени€ согласовани€ времен в придаточных предложени€х услови€ и времени:
ќ Modern radio will become possible, if inventors create a vacuum tube.
ќ Modern radio will become possible, if inventors won Т t create a vacuum tube.
ќ If inventors create a vacuum tube, modern radio become possible.
ќ If inventors didn Т t create a vacuum tube, modern radio will became possible.
¬1 ¬ыберите правильный вариант употреблени€ согласовани€ времен в придаточных предложени€х услови€ и времени:
ќ If K.E.Tsiolkovsky didnТt postulate the mathematically based data on space exploration, people wouldnТtget the first spaceship.
ќ If K.E.Tsiolkovsky postulated the mathematically based data on space exploration, people Т ll get the first spaceship.
ќ People Т ll got the first spaceship, if K.E.Tsiolkovsky postulated the mathematically based data on space exploration.
ќ People Т ll get the first spaceship, if K.E.Tsiolkovsky postulate the mathematically based data on space exploration.
¬1 ¬ыберите правильный вариант употреблени€ согласовани€ времен в придаточных предложени€х услови€ и времени:
ќ If the inventors equipped spaceship with two-way radio transmitters, would the cosmonaut send signals to the Earth?
ќ If the inventors equip spaceship with two-way radio transmitters, could the cosmonaut send signals to the Earth?
ќ Will the cosmonaut send signals to the Earth, if the inventors equip spaceship with two-way radio transmitters?
ќ Will the cosmonaut have sent signals to the Earth, if the inventors equip spaceship with two-way radio transmitters?
“ема 19 —огласование времен.  освенна€ речь.
¬1 ¬ыберите правильный вариант употреблени€ согласовани€ времен при переводе из пр€мой речи в косвенную Ђ Journalists asked his: ЂWhere are you from? ї:
ќ Journalists asked his where she was from.
ќ Journalists asked his where will you from.
ќ Journalists asked his where you are from.
ќ Journalists asked his where I am from.
¬1 ¬ыберите правильный вариант употреблени€ согласовани€ времен при переводе из пр€мой речи в косвенную Ђ The cosmonaut said to them: ЂI will retransmit messages by means of cable transmission tomorrow ї.:
ќ The cosmonaut told them he would retransmit messages by means of cable transmission next day.
ќ The cosmonaut told them they will retransmit messages by means of cable transmission next day.
ќ The cosmonaut said to them his would retransmit messages by means of cable transmission tomorrow.
ќ The cosmonaut told them him will retransmit messages by means of cable transmission tomorrow.
¬1 ¬ыберите правильный вариант употреблени€ согласовани€ времен при переводе из пр€мой речи в косвенную Ђ Our teacher asked me: ЂCan I get a lot of information about the functions of active satellites? ї:
ќ Our teacher asked me if he could get a lot of information about the functions of active satellites.
ќ Our teacher asked me if I could get a lot of information about the functions of active satellites.
ќ Our teacher asked me if could he get a lot of information about the functions of active satellites.
ќ Our teacher asked me if he can get a lot of information about the functions of active satellites.
“ема 20 Ќеличные формы глагола: инфинитив, герундий, причасти€
¬1 «аполните пропуск в предложении соответствующей формой инфинитива Ђ I am glad ________ you ї.:
ќ to see
ќ saw
ќ seeing
ќ seen
¬1 «аполните пропуск в предложении соответствующей формой герунди€ Ђ________ a newtechnology for the Buranspace shuttle in 1988 ї.:
ќ using
ќ to use
ќ to have been use
ќ being used
¬1 «аполните пропуск в предложении соответствующей формой причасти€ Ђ Conductors and transformers are ________ to the lines ї.:
ќ connected
ќ connect
ќ was connecting
ќ connects
“ема 21 ‘разовые глаголы
¬2 «аполните пропуск в предложении подход€щими фразовыми глаголами Ђ They ________ old information ї.:
ќ did away with
ќ do without
ќ done with
ќ do well
¬2 «аполните пропуск в предложении подход€щими фразовыми глаголами Ђ Some aerospace companies _______ a new suborbital ship for space travels ї.:
ќ make up
ќ make for
ќ make out
ќ make off
¬2 «аполните пропуск в предложении подход€щими фразовыми глаголами Ђ We have to ________ lines used for energy transmission ї.:
ќ see about
ќ see over
ќ saw through
ќ see the sights
“ема 22 Ѕезличные предложени€
¬1 ¬ыберите безличное предложение:
ќ It is important to find a new idea for your invention.
ќ People can watch both colour and black-and-white television.
ќ Both audio and video recordings serve as popular means of communi≠cation.
ќ Both computers and recorders are widely used in business sphere.
¬1 ¬ыберите безличное предложение:
ќ It is easy for people to use modern means of communication.
ќ All the ships return to the Earth.
ќ Where are spaceships launched from?
ќ It is a well-known fact that the ionosphere forms part of the Earth's upper atmosphere.
¬1 ¬ыберите безличное предложение:
ќ It is hardly to do something without new technologies.
ќ There are two types of satellites in the orbit.
ќ Indoor lines include conductors, cords and buses.
ќ Overhead lines include conductors, insulators and supports.
“ема 23 –ечевой этикет
¬2 ѕосле каких обращений к люд€м, старшим по положению или возрасту, никогда не употребл€етс€ фамили€?
ќ Sir
ќ Madam
ќ Mr
ќ Mrs
ќ Miss
¬1  ака€ из форм вопросов о времени устарела и почти не примен€етс€?
ќ What oТclock is it?
ќ Could you, please, tell me the time?
ќ What time is it now?
ќ WhatТs the time now?
¬1 ¬ыберите из предложенных фраз одну, котора€ €вл€етс€ грубой ошибкой ответа на то, если вас поблагодарили:
ќ Please.
ќ ItТs a pleasure.
ќ Not at all.
ќ DonТt mention it.
“ема 24 ƒеловое письмо
¬2 ¬ыберите корректные формы обращений в письме к Ќ≈«Ќј ќћџћ люд€м:
ќ Gentlemen,
ќ Dear Madam,
ќ Dear Sir!
ќ Ever yours,
¬1 ¬ыберите перевод названи€ Ђделовое письмої:
ќ business letter
ќ post card
ќ thank-you-letter
ќ private letter
¬1 √де в деловом письме прин€то писать адрес отправител€?
ќ в правом верхнем углу
ќ в конце письма
ќ в середине письма
ќ в левом верхнем углу
“ема 25 „тение профессионально Ц ориентированного текста
¬1 ѕрочитайте текст ЂCommunication. Communication is the process of exchanging information. People ex≠change information using communication means. Communication has al≠ways some purpose. Mass communication, for example, sends messages for masses of people. The history of communication means is a long and interesting oneї. ќтветьте на вопрос ЂWhat does mass communication do?ї:
ќ Mass communication sends messages for masses of people.
ќ Mass communication is a long and interesting one.
ќ Mass communication ex≠change information using communication means.
ќ Mass communication is the process of exchanging.
¬1 ѕрочитайте текст ЂCommunication through electric media. At the beginning of the 19th cen≠tury the electric revolution made great progress. By 1832 the telegraph had been invented. Wires crossed the continents and cables were put under the Atlantic Ocean. Some 40 years later (in 1876) the telephone was patented. Messages began to be transmitted over electrical currents carried by wiresї. ќтветьте на вопрос ЂWhen was the telephone patented?ї:
ќ The telephone was patented in 1876.
ќ The telephone was patented in 1832.
ќ The telephone was patented at the beginning of the 19th cen≠tury.
ќ The telephone was patented at the beginning of the 18th cen≠tury.
¬1 ѕрочитайте текст Ђ"Early radio". At the beginning of the 20th century it became possible to transmit messages without wires. Messages were sent by wireless telegraph that is now called "early radio". But modern radio became possible only when a vacuum tube had been invented (1906). Soon after the invention of tubes, radio receivers began to be widely used in the worldї. ќтветьте на вопрос ЂWhen had been invented a vacuum tube?ї:
ќ A vacuum tube had been invented in 1906.
ќ A vacuum tube at the beginning of the 19th cen≠tury.
ќ A vacuum tube had been invented in 1832.
ќ A vacuum at the beginning of the 18th cen≠tury.
“ема 26 ѕрофессионально Ц ориентированна€ лексика, фразеологи€ и термины
¬1 ¬ыберите слово, которое Ќ≈ относитс€ к теме Ђ Communication ї:
ќ products
ќ television
ќ audio and video recordings
ќ computers and word processors
¬1 ¬ыберите фразу, котора€ Ќ≈ относитс€ к теме Ђ Network development ї:
ќ natural resources
ќ connecting contact
ќ local transmission
ќ space wave
¬2 ¬ыберите термины, которые относ€тс€ к теме Ђ Space communication ї:
ќ satellite
ќ intercontinental transmission
ќ kind animals
ќ goods
“ема 27 ѕеревод текста с извлечением основной информации (ознакомительное чтение)
¬1 ѕрочитайте текст и определите, какой из заголовков наиболее соответствует тексту ЂArtificial communication satellites are placed in an orbit around the Earth. They relay radio and television signals around the curved surface of the Earth and thus serve the purpose of intercontinental radio and television transmission. There are two types of satellites in the orbit: active and passive. As for active satellites, they are used to receive, amplify, and retransmit sig≠nals being sent for the purpose of communication. The function of passive satellites is only to reflect the transmitted signals from the surface of the Earth.ї.:
ќ Artificial communication satellites
ќ Network development
ќ Communication
ќ People
¬1 ѕрочитайте текст и определите, какой из заголовков наиболее соответствует тексту ЂNowadays spaceships may be launched from the Earth and return to it or they may be launched from the Earth and not return to it. They may also be launched from a satellite space station. Manned and unmanned (automatic) spaceships of nowadays are used for space exploration and bring back infor≠mation on space. The first spaceship was a high altitude rocket. It was launched from the Earth, travelled through the atmosphere into space and returned to the Earth. Information on space collected by the rocket was transmitted to the Earth via telemetry. Mathematically based data on space exploration were postulated by K.E. Tsiolkovsky in Russiaї.:
ќ Space communication
ќ Communication
ќ People
ќ Network development
¬1 ѕрочитайте текст и определите, какой из заголовков наиболее соответствует тексту ЂEnergy transmission is one of the basic elements of modern communi≠cation. Practically, one can say that communication is carried out due to the energy being transmitted over the transmitting lines. Lines used for energy transmission may be classed into the following three types: overhead, indoor and underground. Naturally, these types are different in construction and in the elements they are made of. As for overhead lines, they include line conductors, insulators and sup≠portsї.:
ќ Transmitting lines
ќ Communication
ќ Artificial communication satellites
ќ Network development
“ема 28 ѕеревод текстов с извлечением полной информации (изучающее чтение)
¬1 ѕрочитайте текст и выберите утверждение, наиболее соответствующее содержанию текста ЂComputers and word processors serve this purpose and are being widely used in many offices all over the world. The new technology has also influenced communication in everyday life. For example, it became possible for people to receive television programs through cables. Modern cable is a complex wire system that makes it possi≠ble to transmit a number of television signals at the same time. People today also widely use videotape recorders to record television programs. One of the most interesting inventions of today is also the usage of satellites for video and audio communication. People can receive programs through using satellitesї.:
ќ It became possible for people to use videotape recorders to record television programs.
ќ Modern cable records television programs.
ќ The new technology use videotape recorders to record television programs.
ќ Computers and word processors can receive programs through using satellites.
¬1 ѕрочитайте тексты и выберите утверждение, наиболее соответствующее их содержанию ЂArtificial communication satellites are placed in an orbit around the Earth. Artificial satellites are being used to receive and reflect back information about the upper atmosphere and the ionosphere. It is a well-known fact that the ionosphere forms part of the Earth's upper atmosphere. It reflects elec≠tromagnetic radiations of radio frequencies, which makes it possible to carry out intercontinental radio transmission round the curved surface of the Earthї.:
ќ The ionosphere forms part of the Earth's upper atmosphere.
ќ Elec≠tromagnetic radiations of radio frequencies is a well-known fact.
ќ Artificial communication satellites forms part of the Earth's upper atmosphere.
ќ Atmosphere to receive and reflect back information about the upper atmosphere and the ionosphere.
¬1 ѕрочитайте текст и выберите утверждение, наиболее соответствующее содержанию текста ЂAs we know, electric energy is transmitted to different parts of the country means of transmitting lines. The lines include thick wires made of dif≠ferent metals. A number of metal wires put together form one thick cable and a pair includes two insulated conductors forming a metallic circuit. Thus the basic technological part of energy transmission process is a long transmission line, and a cable is its main partї.:
ќ The basic technological part of energy transmission process is a long transmission line.
ќ A number of metal wires put the basic technological part of energy.
ќ The lines include a long transmission line.
ќ Electric energy include thick wires made of dif≠ferent metals.
“ема 29 ѕеревод текстов с извлечением нужной или интересующей информации (поисковое чтение)
¬1 ѕрочитайте текст и найдите соответствующий перевод выделенного выражени€ ЂCommunication between INFORMATION SOURCES can be carried out through the combination of the sources into networks. Telephone and tele≠graph networks may serve as examples. Telex has been used for communica≠tion for a long time. Not long ago cable transmission has also become used for the same purpose. As for computer networking, it is also highly developed in every sphere of communication and is very popular locally and interna≠tionallyї.:
ќ источники информации
ќ кабельна€ передача
ќ телеграфные сети
ќ организаци€ сети
¬1 ѕрочитайте текст и найдите соответствующий перевод выделенного выражени€ ЂThe RADIO-CONTROLLED SPACESHIP named Vostok was equipped with two-way radio transmitters operating on short and ultra-short waves. These transmitters enabled the cosmonaut to send signals to the Earth. What was the cosmonaut's pulse? Temperature? What were the altitudes of the spaceship? Electronic communications re≠ceived the answers to these questions via radio, radar, and telemetry. German Titov was the second Soviet cosmonaut, who on August 6, 1961, rode the spaceship Vostok 2 seventeen times around the Earth in 25 hours and 11 minutes. German Titov communicated with the Earth by radiophone. He travelled at altitudes ranging from 178 to 244 kmї.:
ќ радиоуправл€емый космический корабль
ќ ультракороткие волны
ќ двухсторонние радио-передатчики
ќ электронные коммуникации
¬1 ѕрочитайте текст ЂTransmission lines belong to the basic parts of the techno≠logical sphere of modern communication. In this sphere there operate dif≠ferent types of energy transmission lines. They differ in length, construction, and cost. Among different types of transmission lines compressed gas-insu≠lated ones have a number of advantages. Their main advantages are simplici≠ty of construction and comparatively low cost. The gas-insulated lines include a number of phase conductors and each of them is placed inside a tubeї. «акончите предложение ЂIn the techno≠logical sphere there operate dif≠ferent types of ________ї.:
ќ energy transmission lines
ќ modern communication
ќ construction and comparatively low cost
ќ them is placed inside a tube
“ема 30 –аспознавание значений слов по контексту
¬1 «аполните пропуск одним из данных слов ЂAudio and video recordings are most popular means of ______ today. Also popular are filming and photographyї.:
ќ communication
ќ space
ќ colleagues
ќ revolution
¬1 ѕрочитайте текст и выберите соответствующий перевод выделенного словосочетани€ ЂIt is a well-known fact that the ionosphere forms part of the Earth's upper atmosphere. It reflects elec≠tromagnetic radiations of radio frequencies, which makes it possible to carry out intercontinental radio transmission round the curved surface of the Earth. ARTIFICIAL COMMUNICATION SATELLITES are placed in an orbit around the Earth. They relay radio and television signals around the curved surface of the Earth and thus serve the purpose of intercontinental radio and television transmissionї.:
ќ искусственные спутники св€зи
ќ математически базирующиес€ данные
ќ спутниковые космические станции
ќ автоматические космические корабли
¬1 «аполните пропуск одним из данных слов ЂEnergy _______ is one of the basic elements of modern communi≠cation. Practically, one can say that communication is carried out due to the energy being transmitted over the transmitting linesї.:
ќ transmission
ќ processor
ќ audio
ќ diagram
“ема 31 „тение текстов с полным пониманием и выстраиванием логической последовательности
¬1 ѕрочитайте текст ЂTelephone and tele≠graph networks may serve as examples. Telex has been used for communica≠tion for a long time. Not long ago cable transmission has also become used for the same purpose. As for computer networking, it is also highly developed in every sphere of communication and is very popular locally and interna≠tionally. Communication between information sources can be carried out through the combination of the sources into networksї. «акончите предложение Ђ—omputer networking is very popular ________ї.:
ќ locally and interna≠tionally
ќ for a long time
ќ of the sources into networks
ќ for the same purpose
¬1 ѕрочитайте текст ЂManned and unmanned (automatic) spaceships of nowadays are used for space exploration and bring back infor≠mation on space. The first spaceship was a high altitude rocket. It was launched from the Earth, travelled through the atmosphere into space and returned to the Earth. Information on space collected by the rocket was transmitted to the Earth via telemetryї. «акончите предложение ЂThe first spaceship was travelled through the atmosphere ________ї.:
ќ into space
ќ telemetry
ќ altitude rocket
ќ on space
¬1 ѕрочитайте текст ЂThe spaceships being designed will be placed on top of the carrier air≠craft. According to the plan the whole construction program for the near fu≠ture includes building of two reusable carrier aircrafts and seven suborbital ships. The passengers in the ship will experience weightlessness. They will see the Earth from the space and communicate with it via radio-transmitter. ї. «акончите предложение ЂThe passengers in the ship will experience ________ї.:
ќ weightlessness
ќ the carrier air≠craft
ќ radio-transmitter
ќ near fu≠ture
“ема 32 „тение текстов с полным пониманием и логическое завершение предложени€
¬1 ѕрочитайте текст ЂThe new technology has also influenced communication in everyday life. For example, it became possible for people to receive television programs through cables. Modern cable is a complex wire system that makes it possi≠ble to transmit a number of television signals at the same time. People today also widely use videotape recorders to record television programs. One of the most interesting inventions of today is also the usage of satellites for video and audio communicationї.   «акончите предложение ЂA complex wire system makes it possi≠ble to transmit ______ї.:
ќ a number of television signals
ќ videotape recorders
ќ usage of satellites
ќ modern cable
¬1 ѕрочитайте текст ЂAs for underground lines, they usually include line conductors and insu≠lators. Underground lines are laid under earth. They are mostly used in cities and in industrial areas. Lines used for energy transmission may be classed into the following three types: overhead, indoor and underground. Naturally, these types are different in construction and in the elements they are made of. As for overhead lines, they include line conductors, insulators and sup≠ports. Indoor lines include conductors, cords and buses. The conductors in in≠door lines may include one wire or a combination of wires not insulated from one anotherї. «акончите предложение ЂUnderground lines mostly used in ________ї.:
ќ cities
ќ indoor
ќ overhead
ќ conductors
¬1 ѕрочитайте текст ЂThe losses of a system including compressed gas-insulated transmission are rather low; they are considerably lower than those of cable transmission. Besides, unlike cables, compressed gas-insulated transmission system can be designed for ultra-high frequen≠cies. The next advantage is that there is no external electric field in the sys≠tem. As for the shunt capacitance, it is considerably less for a gas-insulated line than for a cable. A gas-insulated line can thus transmit power over larger distances than cable linesї. «акончите предложение ЂThe losses of a system are considerably lower than those of ________ї.:
ќ cable transmission
ќ transmit power
ќ shunt capacitance
ќ next advantage

 

 лючи:

“ема 1 Ц (1; 2; 3) (1; 2) (1; 2; 3) (1; 2; 3; 4) “ема 2 - (1) (1) (1) (1; 2) “ема 3 - (1; 2; 3) (1) (1; 2; 3) (1; 2; 3) (1; 2; 3) “ема 4 - (1) (1) (1) (1) “ема 5 - (1) (1) (1; 2) (1) “ема 6 - (1; 2) (1; 2; 3; 4) (1) “ема 7 - (1) (1) (1) “ема 8 - (1) (1) (1) “ема 9 - (1; 2) (1) (1; 2) “ема 10 - (1) (1) (1) “ема 11 - (1) (1) (1) “ема 12 - (1; 2) (1) (1; 2) “ема 13 - (1) (1; 2; 3) (1) “ема 14 - (1) (1; 2; 3) (1) “ема 15 - (1; 2; 3) (1) (1;2) “ема 16 - (1) (1) (1) “ема 17 - (1) (1) (1) “ема 18 - (1) (1) (1) “ема 19 - (1) (1) (1) “ема 20 - (1) (1) (1) “ема 21 - (1; 2) (1; 2) (1; 2) “ема 22 - (1) (1) (1) “ема 23 - (1; 2) (1) (1) “ема 24 - (1; 2) (1) (1) “ема 25 - (1) (1) (1) “ема 26 - (1) (1) (1; 2) “ема 27 - (1) (1) (1) “ема 28 - (1) (1) (1) “ема 29 - (1) (1) (1) “ема 30 - (1) (1) (1) “ема 31 - (1) (1) (1) “ема 32 Ц (1) (1) (1)



<== предыдуща€ лекци€ | следующа€ лекци€ ==>
 | 
ѕоделитьс€ с друзь€ми:


ƒата добавлени€: 2016-12-04; ћы поможем в написании ваших работ!; просмотров: 761 | Ќарушение авторских прав


ѕоиск на сайте:

Ћучшие изречени€:

Ќе будет большим злом, если студент впадет в заблуждение; если же ошибаютс€ великие умы, мир дорого оплачивает их ошибки. © Ќикола “есла
==> читать все изречени€...

749 - | 589 -


© 2015-2023 lektsii.org -  онтакты - ѕоследнее добавление

√ен: 0.019 с.