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”пр.102. —кажите, какое действие совершилось до другого действи€ или момента в прошлом.




1. He had done all the work by 5 o'clock yesterday. 2. By the time mother came home the children had cleaned the room. 3. The pupils hadn't done the sum before the bell rang. 4. I hadn't read the book when it was time to give it back to the library. 5. He went for a walk after he had done his homework. 6. Had he finished his work by the time you came? 7. The streets were wet. It had rained for a long time. 8. He said they had left Moscow a week before.

”пр 103. ¬ы вернулись домой спуст€ много лет и узнали, что многое изменилось. «акончите предложени€, использу€ слова в скобках.

Model: Most of my friends were no longer here. (leave)

Most of my friends were no longer here as they had left.

1. My best friend Kevin was no longer there. (go away)

2. The local cinema was no longer open. (close down)

3. Mr.Hendrix was no longer alive. (die)

4. I didn't recognize Mrs.Smith. (change a lot)

5. Bill no longer had his car. (sell)

 

”пр. 104. ќтветьте на вопросы, использу€ Past Perfect.

Model:- Why didn't you listen to the play on the radio?(hear)

- I didn't listen to the play on the radio, becauseI had heard it before.

1. Why didn't you see Fred when you came to Moscow? (leave)

2. Why didn't Kate want to go to the cinema? (see the film)

3. Why did you tell him your address? (forget)

4. Why did you come home so soon after your holidays? (spend all the money)

5. Why couldn't you get into your flat at once? (lose the key)

6. What did you learn about Harry? (marry)

7. What did you read in the newspaper about the expedition? (return)

8. What did he learn about Helen from the letter? (be ill for a month)

 

”пр.105. —оставьте предложени€, использу€ слова в скобках.

Model: I was afraid to go by plane. (not to fly before)

I was afraid to go by plane. I had not flown before.

1. The woman was a complete stranger to me. (not to see before)

2. Margaret was late for work. Her boss was very surprised. (not to be late before)

3. Jane played tennis yesterday and won the game (to train well)

4. It was my first driving lesson. I was very nervous. (never to drive before)

5. Tom wasn't at home when I arrived. (to go out)

6. We arrived at the cinema late. (the film \ to begin)

7. When I came to them, Ann was washing the dishes. (to have dinner)

8. I invited her for dinner yesterday but she refused. (to make an arrangement with smb. else)

9. I was very pleased to see Nora again after such a long time. (not to see her for five years)

10.The house was very quiet when I got home. (everybody \ to go to bed)

11.I was late. (the car \ to break down)

 

”пр. 106. «акончите предложени€, использу€ слова в скобках.

Model: When we got to the theatre, the play (to start already).

When we got to the theatre the play had already started.

 

1. When she went to bed she remembered that she (not to lock the door).

2. She felt tired because she (to work too hard).

3. She went for a holiday after she (to pass all the exams).

4. I didn't know what to do when I (to spend all the money).

5. I didn't look at her gift until after she (to go).

6. I was very sorry to hear that he (to die).

7. He didn't start eating until (to wash his hands)

8. When I met Helen, I understood why Bill (to marry her).

9. He understood the book only after he (to read it twice).

 

”пр.107. ќбъедините пары предложений в одно, использу€:

a) союз "after".

Model: He had lunch. He relaxed.

After he had had lunch he relaxed.

1. He spoke to the doctor. He felt much better.

2. I caught a cold. I stayed in bed for three days.

3. They had lunch at a cafe. He saw (провожать) her home.

4. He gave a big party. He broke a world record.

5. He recovered. He went back to work.

6. She decided to go to a holiday camp together with her friends. She let them know about it.

7. They saw all the sights of the city. Then they left.

 

в) союз "before".

Model: He called up his friends. Then he came to see them.

He had called up his friends before he came to see them.

1. The tourists saw most of the historic places. Then they left the city.

2. They phoned different hotels. Then they found a good one.

3. He booked rooms at the hotel. The he went sightseeing.

4. She swam in the sea. Then she lay in the sun.

5. We made friends. Then he joined us on our tourist trip.

6. She told them about the holiday camp. They decided to go there for a holiday.

—) союзы в скобках.

Model: a) They went home. They finished their work. (after)

They went home after they had finished their work.

b) The sun set. I was ready to go. (before)

The sun had set before I was ready to go.

 

1. She tore up the letter. She read it. (as soon as)

2. He died. He was very ill. (before)

3. I didn't understand the problem. He explained. (until)

4. She wrote the letter. She went to the post-office. (after)

5. I arrived in Odessa. My friend left the city. (when)

6. She read the message carefully. She wrote the reply. (before)

7. He left the room. I turned on the radio. (as soon as)

8. He had dinner. He went to his office. (after)

9. The man didn't leave. He didn't receive a definite answer. (till)

10.We didn't disturb him. He finished his work. (until)

11.We reached the football ground. The game started. (when)

12.John worked as a good builder. He studied architecture. (before)

13.Harry couldn't leave for home. He completed everything. (till)

14.The river became deeper. It rained heavily. (after)

d) Model: He made so many mistakes. The teacher wanted to know

why.

The teacher wanted to know why he had made so many

mistakes.

1. I got the tickets to the hockey match. My friend wanted to know how.

2. The child fell ill. The parents wanted to know why.

3. She left the party so early. He wanted to know why.

4. He didn't join us when we went to the theatre. We didn't understand why.

5. They made friends. She didn't remember how.

6. I promised to bring my friend a book. I forgot what book.

 

”пр.108*. –аскройте скобки, употребл€€ Past Indefinite или Past Perfect.

A.

1. When I (to come) home, mother already (to cook) dinner. 2. When father (to return) from work, we already (to do) our homework. 3. When the teacher (to enter) the classroom, the pupils already (to open) their books. 4. Kate (to give) me the book which she (to buy) the day before. 5. Nick (to show) the picture which he (to draw). 6. The boy (to give) some milk to the cat when he (to bring) it from the shop. 7. Mother (to see) that Nick (not to wash) his hands. 8. The teacher (to understand) that Ann (not to do) her homework. 9. I (to know) that my friend (not to come) yet. 10. Tom (to return) from the cinema at 5 o'clock. 11. Tom (to return) from the cinema by 5 o'clock. 12. I (to finish) my work at 7 o'clock. 13. I (to finish) my work by 7 o'clock. 14. He (to think) that he (to lose) the money. 15. Alice (to tell) me that she (to see) an interesting film. 16. When I (to wake) up yesterday father already (to go) for work. 17. Nick thought that his father (not to come) home yet. 18. Marry (to tell) us that she (to cook) a good dinner. 19. Yesterday I (to find) a book which I (to lose) in summer. 20. When we (to come) to the station the train already (to leave).

 

B.

1. They (to finish) all the preparations for the party by 5 o'clock. 2. On leaving the hospital the man (to thank) the doctor who (to cure) him of his illness. 3. In the morning all the passengers (to feel) good after they (to sleep) well at night. 4. During my last visit to the picture gallery I (to find) that I no longer (to like) the pictures which (to impress) me earlier. Evidently my taste (to change). 5. Last night he (to finish) the experiment which he (to begin) some months before. 6. When she (to open) the drawer she (to see) that the money (to disappear). 7. They (to be) friend for 10 years before I met them. 8. Everybody (to be) at the bus station but the guide (not to come) yet. 9. He (to find) her even more beautiful than he (to expect). 10. She (to read) in his eyes what he (to want) to say before he (to say) it. 11. We (to stay) at the station for the night because we (to miss) the train. 12. Marry (to remember) the night when she (to find) Lanny on the ground and (to bring) him to the house. 13. She (to understand) why he (not to come) the day before. 14. When Gemma (to finish) reading the letter she (to understand) that she (to lose) Arthur for ever.

 

”пр. 109*. –аскройте скобки, употребл€€ Past Indefinite, Past Continuous или Past Perfect.

A.

1. By 8 o'clock yesterday I (to do) my homework. And at 8 o'clock I (to play) the piano. 2. By 6 p.m. father (to come) home and at 7 he (to have) dinner. 3. By 9 o'clock yesterday grandmother (to wash) the dishes and at nine she (to watch) TV. 4. When I (to meet) Tom, he (to eat) an ice-cream which he (to buy) at the corner of the street. 5. When I (to come) home my sister (to read) a book which she (to take) from the library. 6. When mother (to come) home the children (to eat) soup which she (to cook) in the morning. 7. When I (to ring up) Michael, he still (to learn) the poem which he (to begin) learning at school. 8. When I (to look) out of the window the children (to play) with the toys which Peter (to bring) from home. 9. When father came home, we (to cook) the mushrooms which we (to gather) in the wood. 10. When I (to see) Ann she (to sort) the flowers which she (to pick) in the field.

 

B.

1. She (to come) to see us just at the time when we (to have) dinner. It (to be) the first time when I (to see) her. 2. I (to see) him just as he (to come) out of the hotel. 3. He (to leave) the house before I (to have) time to ask him anything. 4. He (to tell) me he (to learn) it from newspapers. 5. He (to enter) the room, (to take) something from the desk and (to go) out. 6. There (to be) two men in the room. One of the men (to write) something while the other (to read) a book. 7. He (not to tell) me that he (to receive) a telegram from her. 8. I (to ask) him if he (to know) where she (to live). 9. She (to say) that he (to give) the wrong address to her. 10. I (to ask) him where he (to put) my letter. 11. He (to tell) us that he (to spend) all the money. 12. I (to find) the old man in the garden. He (to talk) to the children who (to stand) around him. 13. He spoke a language we never (to hear) before.

 

”пр. 110*. –аскройте скобки, употребл€€ Present Perfect, Past Indefinite, Past Continuous или Past Perfect. ќбратите внимание, что все эти времена соответствуют русскому прошедшему времени.

A.

1. I just (to see) Jack! 2. She (to wash) the dishes from 5 till 6. 3. Look! She (to draw) a very nice picture. 4. At this time yesterday I (to talk) to my friends. 5. The TV program (to begin) before I (to come) home. 6. I (not to eat) ice-cream since summer. 7. I understood that she (not to read) my letter. 8. She (to do) the flat when I (to come) home. 9. It's all right: she (to find) the way out of the situation. 10. He (to come) home late yesterday. 11. She is very glad: she (to finish) her composition at last. 12. He (to translate) the whole text by 7 p.m. 13. I never (to be) to Rome. 14. Last year we (to work) very much. 15. When I (to have) breakfast I went to school. 16. I (not to see) you for ages! I'm glad to see you! 17. When you (to see) the ballet? 18. My sister already (to graduate) from the Institute. 19. He repaired the toy which the boy (to break) the day before. 20. I (to see) an interesting program on TV this week. 21. They (to cook) the whole day yesterday.

 

B.

1. Only when she was going to bed she (to remember) that she (to forget)

to call her friend. 2. We already (to study) the Past Perfect Tense. 3. He (to spend) two weeks in Scotland two years ago. 4. I (to buy) a nice dress. Now I shall look smart at the party. 5. He (to learn) English before he (to go) to the USA. 6. When she (to spend) all her money she (to go) home. 7. I (to speak) to my friend yesterday. 8. Look! Kate (to wash) all the dishes. 9. Your mother (to return) from work? When she (to return)? 10. The cat (to drink) all the milk which I (to give) it. 11. She (to do) the flat the whole day last Sunday. 12. You ever (to be) to Piccadilly Circus? 13. He (not to read) Turgenev since he was a pupil. 14. They (to reach) the river by sunset. 15. I (not to receive) an answer to my letter yet. 16. She is very happy: her son (to enter) the Institute. 17. My brother (to train) at the stadium from 6 till 8 yesterday. 18. My sister (to buy) a pair of shoes this month. 19. When Nick (to come) home his friends (to play) in the yard. 20. When your sister (to go) to London? 21. My friend recently (to recover) from a serious illness. 22. At this time yesterday we (to talk) about you.

 

”пр.111*. ѕереведите на английский €зык.

A.

1. я нашел это письмо после того, как он уехал из города. 2. ћы получили вашу телеграмму после того, как она приехала. 3. ѕосле того, как он закончил свой доклад, мы начали задавать вопросы. 4. ѕосле того, как он сн€л пальто и шл€пу, он пошел наверх. 5. ќни уехали из ћосквы после того, как подписали контракт. 6. ћы вернулись домой после того, как стемнело.

 

B.

1. ћы уже пришли домой, когда пошел дождь. 2. ѕоезд уже ушел, когда он пришел на станцию. 3. —олнце еще не взошло, когда € проснулс€. 4. ћама еще не приготовила ужин, когда дети пришли домой. 5. ќн вошел в класс, когда лекци€ уже началась. 6. ќни решили этот вопрос до того, как мы приехали. 7. ќн хорошо изучил английский €зык до того, как поехал в јнглию. 8. ƒо того, как приехать в ћоскву, € жил в ћинске. 9. ќна выпила чашку ча€ перед тем, как легла спать. 10. ћы вышли из дома до того, как взошло солнце. 11. я узнал об этом до того, как вернулс€ в город.

 

C.

1.  огда он вошел в комнату, то увидел, что јнна сидела там, где он

ее оставил. 2. Ќа следующее утро, когда она приготовила себе завтрак, к ней пришли ее друзь€. 3.  огда гости ушли, она вошла в гостиную и выключила свет. 4. ќна сидела на диване и думала, почему еще не пришло письмо от отца. 5. ќн вспомнил Ћондон, который знал еще до войны. 6. я не знала, куда он ушел. 7. ѕрежде чем он закончил рассказ, дверь открылась и вошел отец. 8. ѕриехав домой, он узнал, что его сестра вышла замуж. 9. ќн не встречал ƒжона раньше, но кое-что знал о нем. 10.  огда родители вернулись, € показала им, что сделал. 11. Ѕыло гораздо холоднее, чем она предполагала. 12. я был голоден, так как ничего не ел с самого утра.

 

 





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